Type
Crossword
Description

The capital of the eastern Roman empire. Constantinople
A Byzantine emperor who created a collection of codes. Justinian
A ruler who has complete authority. Autocrat
A collection of organized Roman laws. Justinian's Code
Scandinavian peoples whose sailors raided Europe. Vikings
Known as the political and religious founder of the kingdom of Franks. Clovis
She was Justinian's wife. Theodora
The period of history between ancient and modern times. Medieval
A Germanic tribe that conquered present-day France. Franks
A Frankish statesman and military leader. Charles Martel
The battle where the Franks defeated the Muslim armies. battle of tours
King of the Franks, the Lombards, and emperor of the Romans. Charlemagne
An ethnic group centered in present-day Hungary. Magyars
A government in which local lords governed their own land. feudalism
A lord who was granted land in exchange for service and loyalty to a greater lord Vassal
Exchange of pledges between lords and vassals. Feudal contract
An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty. Feif
One who served as a mounted warrior. Knight
A fight where knights go against each other to show their skills. Tournament
Code of conduct for knights during the Middle Ages. Chivalry
A poet or singer who wandered throughout the Middle Ages. Troubadour
Economic system that surrounds manors. Manor system
Was a heiress to the dukedom of Aquitaine. Eleanor of Aquitaine

Development of Feudalism in Western Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an economic and political system during the Middle Ages feudalism
After the fall of Rome there was no strong ____ in Western Europe central government
any group outside of the Roman Empire, raiders barbarians
a powerful group of barbarians who had heavily armored knights Franks
early Frankish leader who spreads Frankish territory and spreads Christianity Clovis
This Frankish leader unifies all Christian lands into one empire. Charlemagne
religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ Christianity
fierce warriors from Norway, Sweden and Denmark vikings
barbarians from central Asia Magyars
land granted by a lord in exchange for loyalty or service fief
a peasant who could not leave the lord's land one which he worked serf
someone who pledges loyalty to another vassal
heavily armored fighter who swears loyalty to a noble knight
the top of the feudal pyramid, the owner of all land monarch
a piece of land including a castle, village and farmland manor
known as a conqueror, he battles England's king for the throne William
the battle in 1066, when England's King Harold is defeated Hastings

Feudal System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Served in military after receiving land Vassal
Owned the land Lord
Vassal to the Lords Knight
Class of rich people who owned land Aristocracy
Code that Knights were expected to live by Chivalry
Most Common form of Government in Medieval Europe Feudalism
Unwritten agreement between vassals and lords Feudal Contract
land granted to a vassal by a lord Fief
agricultural estate ran by the lord and where the peasants worked Manor
The fear of __________ Promoted feudalism Invasion
Continent where this feudalism was mostly found Europe
knights Armour was very ________ Expensive
This document limited the kings power Magna Carta
Census taken by William the Conqueror Domesday
Business organization that set standards Guild
middle class Bourgeoisie
worker who was bound to land Serf
Main attraction at tournaments Joust
King who signed the Magna Carta John
Richard the First nickname Lionheart
Large stone fortresses Castle
battle strategy where a city is surrounded and the starved into surrender Siege
The Plague that was in Europe at the same time as feudalism Black Death
large plow carruca
type of society that was man centered Patriarchy

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

The Middle Ages in Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an empire referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire
was the capital city of the Roman Empire constantinople
was one of Byzantine Empire Justinian
the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West middle ages
also known as Charles the Great charlemange
the dominant social system in medieval Europe feudalism
an appellation for a person or deity who has authority lord
a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch knights
an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. serfs
a unit of land originally a feudal lordship consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
a unit of land, originally a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. catholicism
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church. pope
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. crusades
is one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology thomas Aquinas
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 magna carta
the male head of a family or tribe patriarch
a member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries visigoths
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power. guilds
a poor farmer of low social status peasants

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Early Middle Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states. Feudal System
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. Fief
A person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services Vassal
An armored warrior who fought on horseback. Knight
A lords estate, supported the lord economically from his land and from contributions from the peasant population under his authority. Manorial System
Medieval peasant legally bound to lie on a lords estate. Serfs
King of the Franks from 768, He united much of Europe during the early Middle ages. Charlemagne
A document, written by English nobles, as a way to present their demands to the king. Magna Carta
Medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the holy land from the muslims. Crusades
An empire founded in 1299 and dissolved in 1922. Ottoman Empire
A region that included Jerusalem and the area around it. Included Jews, Christians, and muslims. Holy Land
Ruled most of India and Pakistan.It consolidated Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the Mughal Empire
King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death April 6, 1199. He also ruled Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Richard The Lion Hearted
A denial of church teaching Heresy
A decline in the value of money, A rise in the prices of goods and services. Inflation
The taking away of a persons right of membership in a Christian church Excommunication

Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Body of Roman civil law, collected and organized by Emperor Justinian Justinian Code
Church in Constantinople, built by Justinian, currently a mosque Hagia Sophia
A principal bishop in the eastern branch of Christianity Patriarch
A religious image used by eastern Christians Icon
A split between the eastern and western branches of Christianity Schism
An alphabet for the writing of Slavic languages Cyrillic
People from the forests north of the Black Sea. Ancestors of many eastern Europeans today Slavs
A landowning noble of Russia Boyars
Russian leader responsible for helping to spread Christianity in Russia Vladimer
Created new legal code in Russia, Vladimer's son Yaroslav
Challenge Mongol rule and took title of Czar Ivan III
Russian Emperor Czar
Turkish group who migrated to the Abbasid Empire, would later establish their own empire Seljuks
A prime minister in the Muslim kingdom or empire Vizier
Mongol leader, led the Mongols in the early 1200s Genghis Khan
A group of European invaders from present day Hungary Magyar

Feudalism and Manor Life pages 242-247 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

peasants did not own this land
could for honorable behavior chivalry
warrior on horseback knight
gave his lord food and shelter vassal
relationship between lords and vassals feudalism
large estate manor
worker tied to the land serf
William the ______ conqueror
Eleanor of _________ Aquitaine
Another word for middle ages medieval
Invaders in dragon boats vikings
wife of the king queen
place where the king and queen live castle
knights rode this horse
animal that produced wool sheep
grain harvested to make bread wheat
tool farmers used to dig plow
William was the duke of _______ Normandy

Medieval times "The Dark Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An economic and Political system that was developed in the middle ages Fuedalism
Lowest rank of people on a manor also known as a peasant Serf
Being expelled or kicked out of the church Excommunicated
The Bubonic Plague Black Death
Leader of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
An estate including peasants and lords manor
lord or son of a lord knight
medieval institution of knighthood where they learned bravery, courtesy, honesty, and manners chivalry
symbolic bade a knight wears to show what family he is from coat of arms
Religious wars between Christian and Muslim fighting over the holy land The crusdes
A tower moved up against the walls of a castle so attackers could get in Siege tower
A machine that projects (Catapults) large stone or other objects Trebuchet
A piece of land given to you by the king and in return you gave people to fight at war fief
Under lord or feudal tenant Vassal
A period of time when there was a lot of starvation, death, and the plague (black death) Dark ages
a knight in training Squire
A defensive fort where the King or a lord lives Catsle
a document that says the king is not above the law and ensures rights for the people Magna Carta
A young boy who acts as a servant for a knight page
A German tribe who settled in the land we know know as France Franks

Medieval Vocab Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An armed warrior Knight
A person of high rank by birth or title Lord
The economic and political system that developed in Europe during the middle ages Feudalism
A large estate including farmlands and villages held by a lord Manor
The belief that god gives a monarch the right to rule Divine right of kings
In feudalism, a person who works the land Peasant
A covering, usually made of metal or leather, worn to protect the body during fighting Armor
The Christian Church headed by the Pope in Rome Roman Catholic Church
A person belonging to a tribe or group that is considered uncivilized Barbarian
The Bishop of Rome, and supreme leader of the Catholic Church Pope
Land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service fief
A religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ Christianity
A person who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery Monk
A deep wide ditch often filled with water Moat
A ruler, such as a king or queen Monarch