# Statistics & Probability Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

act of passing from statistical sample data to generalizations usually with calculated degrees of certainty. Inference
a judgement or decision reached by reasoning conclusion
scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact. experiment
Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities. statistics
a finite or infinite collection of items under consideration population
numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation. parameter
a small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like sample
a three-dimensional representation of a person or thing or of a proposed structure typically on a smaller scale than the original model
individual facts, statistics, or items of information data
imitation or enactment as of something anticipated or in testing simulation
relative possibility that an event will occur as expressed by the ratio of the number of actual occurrences to the total number of possible occurrences probability
to take a general or comprehensive view of or appraise, as a situation, area of study, etc survey
average mean
to form an approximate judgement or opinion regarding the worth Estimate
measure of how close the results are likely to be marginoferror
to seek meaning from and to learn more about observed phenomena as well as to inform decisions and actions statisticalinvestigation
standard score, how far from the mean a data point is zscore
a function that represents the distribution of many random variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph normaldistribution
statistical rule for a normal distribution determined with the mean and the standard deviation empiricalrule
a quantity calculated to indicate the extent of deviation for a group as a whole standarddeviation
statistical data type consisting of categorical variables categoricaldata
measures of values or counts and are expressed as numbers. quantativedata
method for graphically depicting groups of numerical data through their Quartiles. boxplot
chart or graph that presents categorical data with rectangular bars with heights or lengths proportional to the values that they represent. bargraph
representation of a distribution consists of group of data points plotted on a simple scale dotplot
supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation hypothesis
to notice or perceive observe

## Statistics Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis Data
Practice or science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities Statistics
The entire pool from which a statistical sample is drawn Population
Official count or survey of a population Census
A small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like Sample
A numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation Parameter
A fact or piece of data from a study of a large quantity of numerical data Statistic
Data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range Quantitative Data
Is typically descriptive data and as such is harder to analyze than Quantitative data Qualitative Data
Results from either a finite number of possible values or a countable number Discrete
Results from infinitely many possible values that can be on a continuous scale without gaps or interruptions Continuous
Level if measurement of data; characterizes data that consists of names, labels ,or categories only. Nominal
Characterizes data that may be arranged in order, but differences between data values either cannot be determined or are meaningless Ordinal
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, but differences between data values are meaningful Interval
Characterizes data that can be arranged in order, for which differences between data values are meaningful, and there is an inherent zero starting point. Ratio
Study in which we observe and measure specific characteristics, but dont attempt to manipulate or modify the subjects being studied Observational Study
Study in which data are observed, measured, and collected at one point in time Cross Sectional Study
Longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determinehow these factors affect rates of certain outcome Prospective Study
Studies a cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor to determine its influence Retrospective Study
a variable in a statistical model that correlates (directly or inversely) with both the dependent variable and an independent variable. Confounding
The practice of keeping patients in the dark as to whether they are receiving a placebo or not. Blinding
noun: placebo effect; plural noun: placebo effects a beneficial effect, produced by a placebo drug or treatment, that cannot be attributed to the properties of the placebo itself, and must therefore be due to the patient's belief in that treatment. Placebo Effect
denoting a test or trial, especially of a drug, in which any information that may influence the behavior of the tester or the subject is withheld until after the test. Double Blind
With a randomized block design, the experimenter divides subjects into subgroups called blocks, such that the variability within blocks is less than the variability between blocks. Then, subjects within each block are randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Blocks
the repetition of an experimental condition so that the variability associated with the phenomenon can be estimated. Replication
type of probability sampling method in which sample members from a larger population are selected according to a random starting point and a fixed periodic interval. Systematic Sampling
One of the non-probability sampling methods Convenience Sampling
Type of sampling method where the researcher divides the population into seperate groups, called strata Stratified Sampling
sampling technique used when "natural" but relatively heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population Cluster Sampling
the error caused by observing a sample instead of the whole population Sampling Error
the deviations of estimates from their true values that are not a function of the sample chosen, including various systematic errors and random errors that are not due to sampling. Nonsampling Error
a method of selecting a sample (random sample) from a statistical population in such a way that every possible sample that could be selected has a predetermined probability of being selected Random Sample
subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. Simple Random Sample
Subjects that are very carefully chosen Rigorously Controlled Design
subjects are put into blocks through a process of random selection Completely Randomized Design

## Unit 7 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the entire set of items from which data can be selected Population
divide an ordered data set into 4 equal parts Quartiles
a numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic
information about a product or process, usually in numerical order Data
score that occurs most often Mode
middle score when listed in numerical order Median
average Mean
a subset, or portion, of the population. Sample
the square root of variance Standard Deviation
a census occurs when everyone in the population is contacted Census
a mistake causing results that are not representative of the population Bias
have a finite number of distinct values or counts DiscreteRandom
consists of attributes, labels, or non-numerical entries Qualitative Data
consist of numerical measurements or count Quantitative Data
the difference between the greatest data element and the least data element Range
data that are far away from most of the data points Outliers
the fact that the value of a statistic varies in repeated random sampling Sampling Variability
a symmetric distribution can be divided at the center so that each half is a mirror image of the other Symmetry
he average of the squares of the deviations of the observations from their mean Variance

## Probability and Statistics Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A set of information data
the range of numbers that includes the largest and smallest values scale
the difference between the largest and smallest values range
the scale divided into equal, non-overlapping parts intervals
a graphical representation of data on a number line line plot
data that is unbroken and numerical continuous
a graph depicting bars that represent non-continuous data bar graph
a bar graph representing continuous data; bars touch histogram
the middle data point when the data are in order median
the sum of the data divided by the number of data mean
the data that occurs most mode
the ratio of the number of successful outcomes to the number of possible outcomes probability
the set of all possible outcomes sample space
the result of a probability experiment outcome
when the result of the first event does not affect the result of the second event independent events
when the result of the first event does affect the result of the second event dependent events

## Elementary Statistics Chapter 1.1 and 1.2 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses data
the branch of statistics that involves the organization, summarization, and display of data Descriptive statistics
Data can be ordered, and meaningful differences between entries can be calculated Interval
consists of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative data
a subset, or part, of a populatin sample
a numerical description of a population characteristic parameter
Data are qualitative only - categorized by using names, labels, or qualities nominal
the branch of statistics that involves using a sample to draw conclusions about a population Inferential statistics
determines which statistical calculations are meaningful level of measurement
consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries qualitative data
a numerical description of a sample characteristic statistic
the collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest population
the science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions statistics
data that are qualitative or quantitative - can be arranged in order, or ranked, but differences between data entries are not meaningful ordinal
Data can be set up so that one data entry can be meaningfully expressed as a multiplier of another ratio

## I.E.D Unit 3 key terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The closeness to the actual or accepted value Accuracy
A measuring instrument with 2 adjustable jaws used to measure diameter and thickmess Caliper
A group of values used to analyze the distribution of data Class Interval
To change a unit into a different quantity Convert
Facts and statistics used for reference or analysis Data
A group of individual values that are related in some way Data Set
Having the 3 principles of height depth and width Dimension
A line that represents distance Dimension lines
A statistical chart consisting of data points plotted Dot plot
The rate something occurs over a particular period Frequency
A diagrams howing the relation between 2 variable quantities Graph
A graph of vertical bars representing the frequency distribution of a set data Histogram
An international system of 7 measuring units International System
Adding all the values then dividing by the number of value Mean
The number in the middle Median
To determine the size, amount, or degree of an object Measure
A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values where each value is show as a dot or mark above a number line Line plot
A change or slight difference in condition, amount, or level Variation
A standard quantity in terms of which other quantities may be expressed Unit
A system of measurement used in the United States US Measuring system
The value shown the most Mode
Collections of data Statistics
The distance of a value in a population from the mean value of the population Standard Deviation
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributing to the precision or accuracy of the quantity Significant Digits
A graph in the coordinate plane representing a set of bivariate data Scatter plot
The degree to which repeated measurements show the same result Precision
A function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph Normal Distribution
A number value or algebraic equation that is used to control the size or location of a geometric figure Numeric Constraint
A propotion between 2 set of dimensions Scale
An non-govrnment global organizations which is the development of technical standards through consensus ISO

## 7th Grade Math Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

angles that have a common side and vertex adjacent
The measure in square units of the inside region of a closed two dimensional figure. area
Choosing data that is not random for statistical analysis. bias
a graph using a number line to show distribution of the data set. It is created by finding medians. box plot
100 percent chance of the even happening. certain
The distance around a circle. Circumference
An amount of money that is a percentage of the value involved paid to the employee that made the sale. commission
two angles with combined measurements of 90 degrees. complementary angles
A place containing two perpendicular axis (x and y) intersecting at he origin, the point (0, 0). coordinate plane
a shape created when a 3D figure is cut parallel or perpendicular to the base. cross section
A straight line passing through the center of a circle touching two points on the circumference. diameter
The answer to a subtraction problem. difference
The number being divided. dividend
The number by which another number is divided, divisor
Close to a 50 percent chance of the event happening. equally likely
A mathematical statement that includes and equal sign to show that two expressions are equal. equation
The likelihood of an even happening is based on experience and observation rather than on theory. experimental probability
the number of times a base occurs as a factor. exponent
One or a group of mathematical symbols representing a number or quantity. expression
a whole number that multiplies with another number to make a third number. factor
Also known as a tip. gratuity
The second place to the right of the decimal point hundredths place
A zero percent chance of the event happening. impossible
A positive number, a negative number or zero NOT a decimal or fraction. integer
A measure of spread on a box plot equal to the difference between the upper limit of the lower quarter and the lower limit of the upper quartile. Interquartile range
a non-terminating or non-repeating decimal. irrational
More than a 50 percent chance of the event happening. likely
A percentage added onto the price of an item to make a profit. markup
Find the mean. Create a table to determine each point's distance from the mean. Find the mean of the distances. mean absolute deviation
The middle number when a set of data is put in order. median
The number that appears the most in a data set. mode

## 06 - Standard Deviation and the Normal Model Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Tells how many standard deviations a value is from the mean. zscore
The value found by subtracting the mean and dividing by the standard deviation. standardizedvalue
The process of multiplying each value by a constant that multiplies both the measures of position and measures of spread by that constant. rescaling
The square root of the variance. standarddeviation
Numerical attribute of a model. parameter
Type of Normal model with mean 0 and standard deviation 1. standard
Display to help assess whether a distribution of data is approximately Normal. normalprobabilityplot
Numerical attribute of a set of data. statistic
In a Normal model, about 68% of the values within 1 standard deviation of the mean, about 95% within 2 standard deviations, and about 99.7% within 3 standard deviations. empiricalrule
model used for certain unimodal, symmetric distributions. normal
The sum of the squared deviations from the mean, divided by the count minus one. variance
center of the Normal model. mean

## IED Unit 3 Measurement and Statistics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The degree of closeness of measurements of a quantity to the actual (or accepted) value. Accuracy
Used to indicate the end of a dimension line or leader. Arrowheads
A measuring instrument having two adjustable jaws typically used to measure diameter or thickness. Caliper
A group of values that is used to analyze the distribution of data. Class Interval
To change money, stocks, or units in which a quantity is expressed into others of a different kind. Convert
Facts and statistics used for reference or analysis. Data
A group of individual values or bits of information that are related in some way or have some common characteristic or attribute. Data Set
A measurable extent, such as the three principal dimensions of an object as in width, height, and depth. Dimension
A line which represents distance. Dimension Lines
See line plot. Dot Plot
The rate at which something occurs over a particular period or in a given sample. Frequency
A diagram showing the relation between variable quantities, typically of two variables measured along a pair of lines at right angles. Graph
A graph of vertical bars representing the frequency distribution of a set of data. Histogram
A non-governmental global organization whose principal activity is the development of technical standards through consensus. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
An international system of units of measurement consisting of seven base units. International System of Units (SI)
A method of visually displaying a distribution of data values where each data value is shown as a dot or mark above a number line. Also known as a dot plot. Line Plot
A measure of center in a set of numerical data, computed by adding the values in a list and then dividing by the number of values in the list. Mean
To determine the size, amount, or degree of an object by comparison with a standard unit. Measure
A measure of center in a set of numerical data. The median of a list of values is the value appearing at the center of a sorted version of the list – or the mean of the two central values if the list contains an even number of values. Median
The value that occurs most frequently in a given data set. Mode
A function that represents the distribution of variables as a symmetrical bell-shaped graph. Normal Distribution
A number value or algebraic equation that is used to control the size or location of a geometric figure. Numeric Constraint
The degree to which repeated measurements show the same result. Precision
1. A straight-edged strip of rigid material marked at regular intervals and used to measure distances. 2. A proportion between two sets of dimensions used in developing accurate, larger or smaller prototypes, or models of design ideas. Scale
A graph in the coordinate plane representing a set of bivariate data. Scatter Plot
The digits in a decimal number that carry meaning contributing to the precision or accuracy of the quantity. Significant Digits
The distance of a value in a population (or sample) from the mean value of the population (or sample). Standard Deviation
Collection of methods for planning experiments, obtaining data, organizing, summarizing, presenting, analyzing, interpreting, and drawing conclusions based on data. Statistics
A standard quantity in terms of which other quantities may be expressed. Unit
System of measurement used in the United States. US Customary Measurement System
A change or slight difference in condition, amount, or level. Variation

## Statistics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the value that lies in the middle of the data when arranged in ascending order median
the most frequent observation of the variable that occurs in the data set mode
the science of collecting, organizing, summarizing, and analyzing information to draw conclusions or answer questions statistics
a person or object that is a member of the population being studied individual
a subset of the population that is being studied sample
a numerical summary of a population parameter
occurs when the effects of two or more explanatory variables are not separated confounding
a graph constructed by drawing rectangles for each class of data histogram
the degree to which the data are spread out dispersion
: the difference between the largest and the smallest data value range
the square of the standard deviation variance
the distance that a data value is from the mean in terms of the number of standard deviations zscore
a statement regarding a characteristic of one or more populations hypothesis
each repetition of an experiment trial
serve as cutoff points for determining outliers fences
a number computed by adding all the values of the variable in the data set and dividing by the number of observations mean
: the characteristics of the individuals within the populations variables
The list of observed values for a variable data
a type of diagram that lists the equally likely outcomes of an experiment using branches tree
a type of diagram that represents events as circles enclosed in a rectangle venn

## STats Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

chance of something happening Probability
total number of outcomes samplespace
subset of the outcomes (portion of the total) event
the set of elements that belong to one or both sets. union
elements common in all sets Intersection
elements that are not in the set compliment
the occurrence of one event does not affect the other Independent Events
An event in which more than one outcome is possible compound event
In a normal curve, the 1st standard deviations are 68%, 2nd 95%, 3rd 99.7% Imperical rule
Data Curve showing usual probability Normal Distribution
average Mean
A numerical quantity measuring some aspect of a population of scores Parameter
A numerical measurement describing some characteristic of a sample Statistics
Gives the number of how many standard deviations x lies from the distribution mean Zscore
Favors a certain outcome bias
When a sample is chosen from an entire group at random Cluster Sample
numerical data quantitative
categorical data qualitative
type of sample preventing bias random
way to gather information by asking people questions survey
sample of population favors a certain circumstance convenience sample
Process of applying a treatment to a sample group Experiment
the likelihood of an event based on mathematical reasoning theoretical probability
the actual probability that occurs in an experiment experimental probability
probability that event a and b will both occur intersection