A shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to a line just above or below the belt or waistline. medium shot
The closest an object can be to the camera and still be in focus minimum object distance
The space from the tip of a persons nose to the side edge of the frame. nose room
a shot in which the backside of one person’s head and shoulder are in the foreground of the shot, while a full face shot of the other person in the conversation in the background. over-the-shoulder shot
moving only the camera to scan the set horizontally, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary pan
Moving the camera to the camera’s operators left to scan the set, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary. pan left
Moving the camera to the cameras operators right to scan the set, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary. pan right
Raising or lowering the camera on the pedestal of a tripod, while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary. pedestal
Lowering the camera on the pedestal of a tripod while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary. pedestal down
Raising the camera on the pedestal of a tripod, while facing the set. The tripod and dolly remain stationary. pedestal up
a three step process to focus a zoom lens 1) Zoom in on the furthest object on the set that must be in focus in the shot. 2) Focus the camera on that object.3) Zoom the lens back out. pre-focus
A shot in which the talents face is displayed in profile profile shot
The process of changing focus on a camera while that camera is hot. Also called pull focus rack focus
A composition rule that divide the screen into thirds horizontally and vertically, like a tic-tac-toe grid placed over the picture on a television set. Almost all the important information included in every shot is located at one of the four intersections of the horizontal and vertical lines. rule of thirds
A technique of choosing to have a shallow depth of field in a shot or scene selective depth of field
A depth of field technique that moves the audience’s attention to one portion of the picture that is in focus. shallow depth of field
an individual picture taken by a camera during the process of shooting program footage shot
A numerical listing of each shot to be captured by each camera in a multi camera shoot. Shot sheets are developed specifically for each camera. shot sheet
a shot that frames three times three shot
Pointing only the front of the camera (lens) vertically up or down while the dolly and tripod remain stationary. tilt
to move the camera, its tripod, and dolly sideways and to the camera operators left while facing the set. truck left
To move the camera its tripod, and dolly sideways and to the camera operators right while facing the set. truck right
A shot that includes two items of primary importance two shot
a function on cameras to see an object as white, without regard to the type of light hitting it or the actual color of the object. white balance

Photography 101 Word Search

Word Search

Depth of Field
F Stop
Wide Angle

Chapter 4 Crossword Puzzle: Part A


physically moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly perpendicularly toward or away from the set dolly
moving the camera in a curved truck around the main object in the shot arc
rolling the camera, tripod, dolly in a circle to the camera operators left arc left
rolling the camera, tripod, and dolly in a circle to the camera operators right arc right
a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to just below the shoulders. Also called a narrow angle shot close up
the distance between the closest point to the camera that is in focus and the furthest point from the camera that is also in focus depth of field
smoothly pushing the camera directly forward toward the set dolly in
pulling the camera backward while facing the set dolly out
a specific type of extreme long shot used to tell the audience where and when the program takes place establishing shot
a shot of an object that is so magnified that only a specific part of the object fills the screen extreme close up
the biggest shot a camera can capture of the subject matter. Also called a wide angle shot extreme long shot
a shot that captures four items four shot
when a cameras depth of field is as large as possible great depth of field
a shot that incorporates any number of items above four group shot
the space from the top of a person’s head to the top of the tv screen head room
shooting talent with the camera positioned higher in the air and pointing down at an angle high angle shot
a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet and does not include many of the surrounding details long shot
a shot created by placing the camera anywhere from slightly to greatly below the eye level of the talent and pointing it up toward the talent low angle shot
a lens setting that allows the operator to focus on an object that is very close to the camera, almost touching the lens macro
a shot that frames a subject from the top of the head to a line just below the chest. Also called a bust shot. medium close up
a shot that includes the top of a subject’s head to a line just above or just below the knee. Also called a knee shot. medium long shot
pointing the camera lens down toward the ground, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary tilt down
pointing the camera lens up toward the ceiling, while the dolly and tripod remain stationary. tilt up
moving the camera, its tripod, and dolly to the left or right in a motion that is parallel to the set. truck

Digital Photography: Terms Review Crossword


The size of the opening in the lens determining the depth of focus. aperture
A graph that helps illustrate the dark, light, and color values captured by the camera sensor. histogram
A setting that helps determine how sensitive your camera is to light ISO
Two words used to describe a type of photograph that is taken using a slow shutter speed to achieve artistic blur. LongExposure
This mode is ideal because it allows you to control all aspects of shooting quality. Manual
A common problem seen in under lit images with an ISO that is too high. Grain
This file format is best for true photographers to shoot in because it preserves the highest quality without RAW
Better photo compositions can be achieved when an image is divided into 3 parts horizontally and vertically. ruleofthirds
This setting determines how long or short your cameras capture time is. shutterspeed
This eye-opening allows you to preview your image. Viewfinder
The screen on the back of your camera that allows you to view settings and preview images. LCDDisplay
A setting you'll need to adjust based on the temperature of your light source. WhiteBalance
Your camera's storage. SDCard
A common image file type that is universally readable but does not preserve all captured image data. JPEG
This determines the sharpness of an object based on the adjustment made directly to the lens. Focus
An idea that suggests a subject's nose should be pointed toward the empty space in the frame. breathingroom
A discipline of photography that emphasizes detail normally not recognized. Macro
A discipline of photography that focuses on an individual and captures their essences. Portrait
A phrase that often appears as an acronym and the name to which we give the type of cameras we use in this class. DigitalSinglelensreflex

Media Tech Final Exam Review- Shooting Unit Crossword


This shot is referred to as a headshot Closeup
This shot frames one or two people standing up from head to midcalf Medium long
That shot would be used to frame only a part of a human face Extreme close up
Shot used to show location by setting; establishing shot Extreme long
This shot includes a persons head and shoulders; stops around the chest Medium close-up
A full shot Longshot
This shot and around the waist Medium
This angle is used to make a subject appear honest eye level
The angle is used to make the subject appears honorable and prideful Low
This angle is used to make the subject appear childlike or submissive High
This angle enables the viewer to see things the characters cannot Birds eye view
This angle makes the subject appear mentally unstable Batman
Moving the camera and the amount in a curve Arc
This movement is also called a track Truck
In this movement the camera and mount move side to side; the camera points forward Truck
The camera turns horizontal; the mount/tripod does not move Pan
This movement is used to reveal something or emphasize size Pan
To point the camera up or down Tilt
Camera movement to emphasize height Tilt
To move the camera and the amount toward or away from a subject or object dolly
This is a lens movement Zoom
With this lens movement, the subject appears to get smaller and further away Zoom out
With this lens movement, the subject appears to get bigger and closer Zoom in

Video Terms Crossword


open file format for streaming multimedia files containing text, graphics, sound, video and animation for windows platform asf
video file format originally designed for Windows; can be compressed or uncompressed, depending on the codec used avi
a technique for superimposing one video image onto another; most common colors are blue and green chroma key
the process of creating a DVD that will play in a DVD player dvd authoring
high speed interface that connects external devices; commonly known as IEEE1394; 1394A for PCs; 1394B for Macs firewire
video format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player flv
video format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player mp4
standard for compressing digital video; universal standard for digital video mpeg
common multimedia format used for video commonly played in Quicktime mov
the process of preparing all the elements of a video production, including planning, storyboarding, script writing, scheduling, props, camera angles and locations pre production
the process of recording video production
all phases of production following recording of video, i.e. capturing, editing, titling, exporting, etc post production
a mobile tripod or a moving platform for the camera; allows for smooth camera movement and tracking shots tripod dolly
standard hardware interface for attaching peripherals to a computer usb
software that will convert a video file from one format to another video conversion software
programs used to capture, edit, and manipulate video images, add effects, titles and music to create studio-quality video video editing software
movie data file from a DVD disc vob
compressed video format designed for Windows but also viewable on Macs wmv
the ability of a camera to compensate in cases where a subject with a large amount of background light would otherwise be obscured. backlight compensation
a scene shot from directly above the action birds eye view
a scene change in a movie; a quick move from one scene to another cut
usually the first shot of a scene, designed to show the audience where the action is taking place establishing shot
a camera angle which shows the subject as we would expect to see them in real life eye level
raw, unedited material as it had been originally recorded footage
a camera angle that shows the subject from above; camera is angled down towards the subject; not as extreme as bird's eye view high angle
a camera angle that shows the subject from below; camera is angled up towards the subject low angle
a camera angle that looks at the talking subject from the listener's perspective over the shoulder
a camera movement that scans a scene horizontally panning
a planning tool that includes the "spoken" text of a video production script
video that is not custom shot for use in a specific film (archive footage stock footage
a series of sketches that are used as a planning tool to visually show how the action of a story unfolds storyboard
a camera movement that scans a scene vertically tilting

photography Crossword


the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible. Light
a form of electromagnetic (EM) radiation, as are radio waves, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and microwaves. Generally, visible light is defined as the wavelengths that are visible to most human eyes Visible ligt
apparently colorless light, for example ordinary daylight. It contains all the wavelengths of the visible spectrum at equal intensity. White Light
The distance - from peak to peak in a light wave - that determines the color of the light Wavelength
the rate at which a vibration occurs that constitutes a wave, either in a material (as in sound waves), or in an electromagnetic field (as in radio waves and light), usually measured per second. Frequency
a fundamental physical constant that is the speed at which electromagnetic radiation propagates in a vacuum and that has a value fixed by international convention of 299,792,458 meters per second Speed of Light
the light-gathering device of a camera lens
a lens that causes parallel rays (as of light) to come to a focus. converging lens
a lens that causes a beam of parallel rays to diverge after refraction, as from a virtual image diverging lens
a device for recording visual images in the form of photographs, film, or video signals. camera
a camera setting corresponding to a particular f-number f-stop
a space through which light passes in an optical or photographic instrument, especially the variable opening by which light enters a camera. aperture
a device that opens and closes to expose the film in a camera. shutter
the time for which a shutter is open at a given setting. shutter speed
a digital camera combining the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor SLR
the position of a viewed object or the adjustment of an optical device necessary to produce a clear image focus
the distance between the nearest and the furthest objects that give an image judged to be in focus in a camera. depth of field
a room from which normal light is excluded, used for developing photographs. darkroom
a thin flexible strip of plastic or other material coated with light-sensitive emulsion for exposure in a camera, used to produce photographs or motion pictures. film
a light source suitable for use in a photographic darkroom safe light
a light-sensitive coating for photographic films and plates, containing crystals of a silver compound dispersed in a medium such as gelatin. emulsion
The silver crystals that make up an image on a negative or print silver halide
the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales film speed
equal iso
a sealed plastic unit containing a length of audiotape, videotape, film, etc. wound on a pair of spools, for insertion into a recorder or playback device. cassette
an image on an exposed film or print that has not yet been made visible by developing. latent image
a photographic image made on film or specially prepared glass that shows the light and shade or color values reversed from the original, and from which positive prints can be made. negative
a chemical agent used for treating photographic film to make a visible image developer
a bath for stopping the action of a preceding bath by neutralizing any of its chemical still present. stop bath
a substance used for fixing a photographic image. fixer
the chemical sodium thiosulphate (formerly called hyposulphite) used as a photographic fixer. hypo
will reduce wash time, and help eliminate any of the magenta sensitizing dye so you will get nice clear film base. hypo clearing agent
wetting agent, dip your final film into photo flo
cleaning agent such as soap and water water wash
the action of briskly stirring or disturbing something, especially a liquid agitation

Intro to Photography Crossword


The amount of light that the camera records on the film, or digital sensor, which determines how bright or dark the image is. EXPOSURE
When a picture is too bright, it is called ____________ exposed. OVER
When a picture is too dark, it is called _____________ exposed. UNDER
Film speed, or __________, describes how sensitive the camera is to the light that falls on it. ISO
The ________________ determines how much light gets into the camera and depends on how long the hole is open. SHUTTERSPEED
The ________________ values determine how large the hole is that lets light into the camera. APERTURE
The Shutter Speed determines our ability to ________________. STOPMOTION
The Aperture controls out ______________________. DEPTHOFFIELD
The ISO determines how _________________ the picture is. GRAINY
Use ISO 400 in ____________________. DAYLIGHT
Use ISO 800 at __________________ or ________________. NIGHTINDOORS
In this mode, we choose the aperture and the camera chooses the shutter speed, allowing us to control Depth of Field. APERTUREPRIORITY
In this mode, we choose the shutter speed and the camera chooses the correct aperture, allowing us to stop the action. SHUTTERPRIORITY
In __________ mode, you press the shutter release half way down and the camera focuses, allowing you to recompose the image without changing focus. SINGLESHOT
In _________ mode, the camera continues to track the subject, staying in focus even if the subject's distance changes. CONTINUOUS
This lens is between 16-55mm FISHEYE
This lens is between 16-35mm WIDEANGLE
This lens is between 45-60mm STANDARD
This lens is between 70-300mm TELEPHOTO
What a lense's angle of view is, or how much in zooms in or out. FOCALLENGTH

Photography Terms Crossword


composition rule Rule of thirds
What does pixel stand for Picture element
drawing with light Photography
Camera Obscura dark room
sometimes called f-number Aperture
exposure time shutter speed
charge-coupled device ccd
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor CMOS
clarity of an image focus
single-lens reflex SLR
digital single-lens reflex DSLR
simplest camera possible pin hole camera
EV Exposure Value
way to correct for improper exposure exposure compensation
best lighting technique 3-point lighting
Slow Shutter speeds are often called _________shutter speeds long
traditional or ________ photography film
main light in 3-point lighting key
is a measure of light sensitivity ISO
DOF depth of field
International Standards Organisation ISO
Autofocus AF
Aperture value Av
Unposed pictures of people, often taken without the subject's knowledge Candid
The available natural light completely surrounding a subject Ambient Light
The pleasing arrangement of the elements within a scene Composition
A storage medium that is used by most digital cameras Flash Memory Card
The area between the camera and the principal subject. Foreground
One individual picture on a roll of film Frame

Photography Crossword


The range of iteams in focus in an image Depth of field
Number indicating the size of the aperture F Stops
Adjustment of the brightness of the red,green,and blue components White Balance
The speed or light sensitivity of a captured image ISO
The lens opening that allows more or less light onto the sensor Aperture
A collection of data in long term storage Archive
It is used to create usually 3 photographs Bracketing
Used for transferring data from your flash memory card to your PC Card Reader
The measure of rate of change of brightness in an image. Contrast
used to calculate the exposure from the existing light conditions Metering
A visible pattern that occurs when one or more halftone screens are mis-registered in a color image Moiré
A thumbnail of all available colors to a computer or devices Palette
An absolute number that the camera's image sensor can physically record Optical Resolution
The degree to which a color is undiluted by white light Saturation
center part of an image Focal Point
an image that appears too dark Under exposure
an image that appears too bright Over Exposure
the quality of any ditigital image Resolution
measure of an object's transparency Opacity
lightens pixels Dodge Tool
darkens pixels Burn Tool

Camera Terms Worksheet

Matching Worksheet

The hole in the iris of a lens is also called the Aperture
The most common light-sensitive imaging surface on a video camera is the ___. It is divided up into a large number of light-sensitive small areas (known as pixels) which can be used to build up an image of the scene of interest. In short, it is the light sensitive IMAGING SURFACE, inside the camera where the image is formed. Light is converted into electrical energy. Charged Coupled Device (CCD)
script abbreviation for close-up. CU
moving the camera and tripod TOWARD OR AWAY from an object on Z. Dollying
script abbreviation for extreme close-up. ECU
script abbreviation for extreme long-shot. ELS
The calibrated ring on the lens indicating the aperture setting is called the _-____. F-Stop
all the objects in the scene on Z are rendered in sharp focus. Great or Deep Depth of Field
the blank space left between the top of the object or subject and the upper edge of the frame. Headroom
In a lens with an ADJUSTABLE APERTURE a diaphragm opens and closes. It is called an ____ because it functions like the human eye. Iris
The camera support or rig that allows the operator to pedestal, pan and tilt the camera during the move is called a ___ ___ or crane. Jib arm
the term for the space left in front of a person moving on X toward the edge of the frame. Lead Room
script abbreviation for long-shot. LS
script abbreviation for medium shot. MS
script abbreviation for over-the-shoulder. OTS
to swivel (pivot) or rotate the camera on X horizontally. Panning
moving the camera up and down on Y, lowering or raising it to the base. It does not tilt during this movement. Pedestal
White light entering a camera lens passes through a _____ _____, which splits the white light into its red, green and blue components. These three separate lights are each sent to a different chip. Or sensor. Prism Block
a tripod mechanism that facilitates quick and accurate mounting and dismounting of the camera to the tripod head. Quick Release Plate
only a thin band on Z is rendered in sharp focus. Depth of Field
can be used to stabilize tripod legs by applying it at the bottom. It prevents them from moving too far apart under a very heavy Camera load and falling. Spreader or spider
Body, Lens and the Viewfinder. 3 Parts of the Studio Camera
moving the camera lens up and down on Y without moving the tripod. Tilting
moving the camera and tripod from SIDE TO SIDE on X parallel to the picture plane. Trucking
must be set to ensure that the colors are recorded correctly before you begin shooting because different "white" light sources favor different colors of the spectrum. (Daylight is BLUE, Tungsten is RED) White Balance
may be designated a "6X lens" (6:1). This means it will blow the image up 600%. Zoom Lens