Type
Crossword
Description

Which non-metallic mineral is used for paint, roofing? Muscovite mica
Which mineral has metallic luster and the hardness 1-2 Graphite
What is the name of the mineral that has the composition of S? sulfur
There is only one mineral that is brassy yellow which mineral is that? pyrite
What is the altitude of the mesopause in miles? 50 miles
Which travels faster P-wave or S-wave P-waves
how long does it take a p-wave to travel 4,000 km? 7 minutes and 0 seconds
If the p-wave takes 4 minutes and 0 seconds how far is away is the epicenter? 2,000km
If epicenter is 6200km away what is the time between the p and the s wave? 7 minutes and 40 seconds
What layer of the earth is the most dense? Inner core
What is the unit of the measurement used for pressure? Million atmospheres
At what layer does partial melting occur? Asthenosphere
At what depth do we reach the inner core? Approximant 5,000km
What era did the Jurassic period occur during? Mesozoic era
In what eon did the earliest mammals exist? phanerozoic eon
In what period did advance and retreat of last continental ice occur? Quaternary
In what era were fossils found of the beluga whale? Cenozoic
What index fossils of graptolites were found in new York state? Dicellograptus, and Treragraptus
The size of 0.0004 to 0.006cm with a clastic texture is what rock? Siltstone
A foliated texture with a fine grain size must be what rock? slate
As slate goes through greater metamorphism what does it turn into? phyllite
Which rock is composed of halite? Rock salt

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

Earth History #1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

earliest era of earth history, ending 570 million years ago Precambrian
a core sample that is typically removed from an ice sheet ice core
between the end of the Precambrian eon and the beginning of the Ordovician period. Cambrian
the state or process of a species, family, or larger group being or becoming extinct. "the extinction of the great auk" extinction
a basic law of geochronology, stating that in any undisturbed sequence of rocks deposited in layers Law of superposition
a system of chronological dating that relates geological strata to time Geological time scale
any method of determining the age of earth materials or objects of organic origin based on measurement of short-lived radioactive elements radioactive dating
a fossil that is useful for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found Index fossil
process of determining an age on a specified chronology in archaeology and geology Absolute dating
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form fossil
the science of determining the relative order of past events relative dating
the outermost layer of a planet crust

Geologic Time and Earth's History Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A time when many species such as humans came to be. CenozoicEra
A global extinction that causes at least 80% of a species to die. K-T Extinction
A tool used to relate geological events to time. Geologists often use this. Geologic Time Scale
The earliest period of Earth's history. Precambrian Time
The largest section of geological time. Eon
The era when dinosaurs were alive. Mesozoic Era
A span of time defined by large events. Era
One of the subdivisions on the geological time scale. Also a punctuation mark. Period
The second smallest division in geologic time. Epoch
The extinction of dinosaurs happened within this era. Paleozoic Era
Measurement of age in exact years. Absolute age
The isotope that undergoes radioactive decay in a nuclear reaction. Parent Isotope
Unchanged fossil remains from extinct or dead animals. Original Remains
A buried surface seperating two rock masses of different ages. Uncomformity
The product atom formed during radioactive decay in a nuclear reaction. Daughter Atom
A technique used to date materials such as rocks or carbon. Radioactive dating
States that the oldest rocks will be at the bottom and will have formed first. Law of Superposition
Rings on a tree trunk representing a single year's growth with each line. tree rings
The remains or impression of a prehistoric organism. Fossil
The age of something in relation to something else. Relative Age
A fossil that is used for dating and correlating the strata in which it is found. Index fossil
A fossil of a footprint rather than the animal itself. trace fossil
A core sample typically removed from an ice sheet. Ice Cores
A fossil found in rock that was created long after the animal of it died. Rock Fossil
the time taken for a radioactive isotope to fall to half of its original value. Half-life

Earthquakes Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A forces that acts on an area of rock to change its shape or volume stress
Type of stress that pulls on the crust, stretching rock so that is becomes thinner in the middle tension
Type of stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks compression
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions shearing
The hanging wall slips down relative to the footwall normal fault
Block of rock that lies above hanging wall
Block of rock that lie below footwall
The hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall reverse fault
Rocks on either side of a strike- slip fault, slip past each other, with little up or down motion strike- slip fault
The shaking that results from sudden movement of rock along a fault earthquake
The area beneath Earth's surface where rock under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake focus
The point on the surface directly above the focus epicenter
Seismic waves that compress and expand the ground like an accordian P waves
Seismic waves that vibrate side to side as well as up and down S waves
Seismic waves that move slower then P and S waves, but they can produce more severe ground movements Surface Waves
A scale devolved to rate earthquakes according to their intensity, or strength at a give place Mercalli Scale
A number that geologist assign to an earthquake based on the earthquake's size magnitude
A scale that assigns magnitude number to an earthquake based on the size of the seismic waves Richter Scale
Where the seismic waves are measured seismograph
A rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake moment magnitude scale

Speed, Distance & Time Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A bus Travels 222 miles in 6 hours. What was the average speed of the bus? 37
Thomas drives 130 miles at an average speed of 40 mph. How long does the journey take him? 3.25
A jumbo jet flies at 484 mph for 4 hours and 30 minutes. How far does the jet travel? 2178
Greg & Kevin both travel between two towns that are 90 miles apart. Greg drives and it takes him 1 hour 30 minutes. Kevin cycles and it takes him 7 hours and 30 minutes. Calculate the difference between their average speed. 48
Harry catches the train from Belfast to Dublin at 4pm. The average speed of the train is 70mph and the distance from Belfast to Dublin is 105 miles. What time does Harry arrive in Dublin? 5.30
The distance from Sunderland to Wigan is 150 miles. Mollie leaves Sunderland in her car at 07.50. Her average speed on the journey is 60mph. What time does she arrive in Wigan? 10.20
The speed limit on a road is 40mph. A scooter drives 9 miles in 13 minutes. Is her breaking the speed limit? yes
The distance from junction 19 to junction 20 on a motorway is 14 miles. Bethany drove the distance in 15 minutes. Max drove the distance at a speed of 52 mph. Who was faster? Bethany
A cheetah runs at an average speed of 72 mph for 20 minutes. How far did it travel? 21.6
Convert 1 hour 24 minutes to decimals 1.4
Convert a speed of 8 m/s to mph 18
Laura drives for 3 hours at 44mph. Clare drives 144 miles in 4 hours. Who travels the greater distance? Clare
Andrew rows at an avergae speed of 2 metre per second. How long does it take him to row 1.5km (in minutes)? 12.5
Nikki has to travel a total of 351 miles. She travels the first 216 miles in 4 hours. If her average speed remains the same, calculate the total time for the complete journey. 6.5
Chris cycles at an average speed of 8mph. If he cycles for 6 and a half hours, how far does he travel? 52
John can type 960 words in 20 minutes. Calculate his typing speed in words per minute 48

Earthquakes and seismic waves Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is the shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface earthquake
is the area beneath Earth’s surface where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake foucus
the point on the surface directly above the focus epicenter
are seismic waves that compress and expand the ground like an accordion P waves
are seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down S waves
move more slowly than P waves, and S waves, but they can produce severe ground movements surface waves
was developed to rate earth earthquakes according to the level of damage at a given place Mercalli scale
was developed to rate earth earthquakes according to the level of damage at a given place magnitude
is a rating of an earthquake’s magnitude based on the size of the earthquakes seismic waves Richter scale
is used to measure seismic waves seismograph
a rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake moment magnitude scale