Type
Crossword
Description

A young person learning a trade from a master. Apprentice
A salaried worker employed by a guild master. Journeyman
Jerusalem and other places where Christians believe Jesus had lived and preached. Holy Land
He convened the council of Clermont, where he launched the first crusade to win the Holy Land from the Muslims. Pope Urban II
The campaign by European Christians to drive the Muslims from present-day Spain in the 1400's. Reconquista
Were the king of Aragon and queen of Castile. Their marriage joined the two countries to become the country of Spain. Ferdinand and Isabella
A Church court set up to try people accused of heresy. Inquisition
A series of wars in which European Christians tried to win control of the Holy Land from the Muslims. Crusades
He pressured king Edward of England to name him heir to the throne. William the Conqueror
A legal system based on custom and court rulings. Common law
Was a son of king Henry II. He seized control of the English throne when his brother, king Richard, was captured. King John
A great charter that limited royal power and established certain rights of English freemen Magna Carta
The requirement that the government act fairly and in accordance with established rules in all that it does. due process of law
Principle that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime. Habeas corpus
The legislature of England, and later of Great Britain. Parliament
A french king that led the seventh crusade to the Holy Land and was canonized a saint in recognition of his faith and services to the church. Louis IX
The empire of west Central Europe from 962 to 1806, comprising present-day Germany and neighboring lands. Holy Roman Empire
Was a German king who became Holy Roman Emperor in 1084. His efforts to increase power of the monarchy led him into conflict with pope Gregory VIII. Henry IV
Achieved success in his battle with the Holy Roman Emperor and he greatly expanded papal power by claiming his supremacy over secular rulers Gregory VII
Appointment of bishops by anyone who is not a member of the clergy. Lay investiture
A German King who fought against growing papal authority and led six expeditions into Italy trying to increase his royal holdings. Frederick Barbarossa
The school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian belief. Scholasticism
Large group of people who share the same language and cultural heritage. Ethnic group

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem

The Crusades Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Final crusade Ninth
Sailed to Acre, the son of Henry 3 Edward
The treaty that was the result of the final crusade Caesarea
Taking over other peoples land conquest
Someone(in an army) going out to take over other peoples land crusader
The crusade previous to the Ninth crusade Eighth
This was created by the mamluks and crusaders, mutual agreement Truce
This was captured by storm Nazareth
When you win a battle Victory
The head of the Catholic Church Pope
The Muslims and Christians fought over this land Holy
This city was important to 3 different religious groups Jerusalem
People wanted____________, to be the best Power
The Islamic people who worshiped allah Muslim
The people who worshiped Jesus Christ Christian
What is the Holy Lands name in today's time? Israel

Unit 3 Review Part One: The Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ___________________ Atlantic Drift has a warming effect on northwestern European coasts North
During the Middle Ages many people looked to this religion to bring peace, order and unity Christianity
This is the political and social order that strengthed the ties of loyalty among the nobility Feudalism
A __________- was a low ranking noble who served a lord Vassal
An economic system of distributing and profiting from the land that includes lords, serfs and freemen Manorialism
A group of peasants who worked land for a noble and were tied to the land: unable to own property, move or marry without their noble's permission Serfs
________ innovations led to more efficent production of crops and greater food production agricultural
The Norman Invasion was led by ________________________ of Normandy in order to attain the English throne William
The son of Pepin, King of the Franks, became known as ____________ due to his expansion of the western european empire Charlemagne
The Roman ______________ ____________________ played an important role in the growth of civilizations throughout Western Europe CatholicChurch
Henry IV was ______________ from the church by Pope Gregory VII due to their conflict over who could appoint church leadership excommunicated
During the late Middle Ages disputes within the church led to a deep divide called the Great Schism
Henry IV seized ____________ because Pope Gregory VII had declared a new emperor Rome
Cities and towns in coastal cities became wealthy due to Trade

Medieval Times Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A journey to a sacred shrin. Pilgrimage
A man belonging to a religious order, living in a monastery Monk
agricultural workers that belong to the manor serfs
self-sufficient farming estates Manors
dutifulness in religion piety
the area of Palestine held spiritually important to Christians, Muslims, and Jews Holy Land
head of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
series of four holy wars to drive the Muslims out of Palestine  Crusades
a trial held by the Catholic Church to get rid of heretics Inquisition
belief that contradicted the teachings of the Church Heresy
one of the church's ceremonies in which you obtain grace from God Sacrament
the outbreak of the Bubonic Plague that spread across Asia, North Africa, and Europe in the mid 14th century Black Death
French peasant girl whose vision and work for French fortunes led to victory Joan of Arc
a grant of land in return for a pledge to provide military service Fief

The Middle Ages in Europe Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an empire referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire Byzantine Empire
was the capital city of the Roman Empire constantinople
was one of Byzantine Empire Justinian
the period of European history from the fall of the Roman Empire in the West middle ages
also known as Charles the Great charlemange
the dominant social system in medieval Europe feudalism
an appellation for a person or deity who has authority lord
a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a monarch knights
an agricultural laborer bound under the feudal system to work on his lord's estate. serfs
a unit of land originally a feudal lordship consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
a unit of land, originally a feudal lordship, consisting of a lord's demesne and lands rented to tenants. manor
the faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church. catholicism
the bishop of Rome as head of the Roman Catholic Church. pope
a medieval military expedition, one of a series made by Europeans to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. crusades
is one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology thomas Aquinas
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 magna carta
the male head of a family or tribe patriarch
a member of the branch of the Goths who invaded the Roman Empire between the 3rd and 5th centuries visigoths
a medieval association of craftsmen or merchants, often having considerable power. guilds
a poor farmer of low social status peasants

Middle Ages Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

covering of iron worn by knights armor
chuirch official who oversaw the work of priest bishop
a high official of the catholic church appointed by pope cardinal
where the lord and his knights lived castle
people of the middle ages believed it represented god's rules and teachings Catholic Church
qualities of a good knight, bravery,respect for women chivalry
an official of the church such as priest, bishop clergyman
expeditions sent by the pope to capture the holy land crusades
a period of several hundred years during the dark middle ages dark ages
large piece of land owned by a lord estate
the act of removing a persons membership from church excommunication
arrangement between lord, vassal,, and serf for ownership of land feudalism
land given for military service fief
holding beliefs that the church felt were wrong heresy
court to punish heretics inquisition
clowns before a lord to make them laugh jesters
contest between knights on horseback joust
person who rules a country during middle ages king
man of honor in the military knight
well to noble who owns an estate lord
large piece of land owned by a lord manor
fall of the roman empire in 476 and ended with modern period 1400 medieval period
same as medieval period middle ages
singers and musicians who entertained the lords minstrels
deep, wide, water-filled ditch surrounding a castle moat
building where monks lived monastery
man who gives up property to serve god monk
class of rich people, nobles or lords nobility
poor people who worked on manors peasants
head of the roman catholic church pope
clergyman of the christian church priest
very poor people who worked for lords serfs
contest or joust beetween two knights or two groups of knights tournament
wandering minstrels who wrote poems about the love of a beautiful lady of noble birth troubadours
noble who was given land by the lord in return for military service vassal

Medieval vocab crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Germanic people from Gaul (modern day France and Switzerland) The Franks
religious communities built by the church for women (nuns) Convents
religious communities built by the church for men (monks) Monasteries
Empire begun by Charlemagne Holy Roman Empire
social structure in medieval Europe including lords, knights, vassals, serfs and sometimes a king. Feudalism
(in feudalism) the lord’s estate Manor
complex set of ideals or code by which medieval knights followed. Chivalry
worldly (involved in politics and other social matters) Secular
church tax Tithe
the office of the Pope The Papacy
Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope. Clergy
a ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials Lay Investiture
everyday language used by different regions Vernacular
selling of church positions Simony
Church law Canon Law
important religious ceremonies Sacraments
anyone who does not conform to an established attitude, doctrine, or principle Heretic
A holy war launched by Pope Urban II to reclaim the Holy Land for Christians Crusade
group of advisors who acted like a court for the pope Papal Curia
Unified body of law in England formed by England’s royal judges Common Law
Legislative group in England originally comprised of two burgesses (citizens of wealth and property) from every borough and two knights from every county Parliament
Document drawn up by English nobles and approved by King John which guaranteed certain political rights for the people Magna Carta
Meeting of the three estates in France: 1st was the Church leaders, 2nd was the great lords, and the 3rd was the commoners Estates-General
people who are sent out to teach their religion Missionaries
an agreement between the pope and the ruler of a country Concordat
To exclude a person from church membership Excommunicated
a noble who served a lord of higher rank Vassal
land granted a vassal by his lord Fief
vassals or warriors in armor who on horseback Knights
peasants who could not the manor, own property, or marry without the lord’s approval Serfs
the practice of planting crops at different times and leaving some fields unplanted Crop rotation
groups of businesses made up of tanners, carpenters, bakers and craftspeople Guilds
religious beliefs that conflict with the Church teachings Heresy

Early Middle Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states. Feudal System
An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe. Fief
A person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services Vassal
An armored warrior who fought on horseback. Knight
A lords estate, supported the lord economically from his land and from contributions from the peasant population under his authority. Manorial System
Medieval peasant legally bound to lie on a lords estate. Serfs
King of the Franks from 768, He united much of Europe during the early Middle ages. Charlemagne
A document, written by English nobles, as a way to present their demands to the king. Magna Carta
Medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the holy land from the muslims. Crusades
An empire founded in 1299 and dissolved in 1922. Ottoman Empire
A region that included Jerusalem and the area around it. Included Jews, Christians, and muslims. Holy Land
Ruled most of India and Pakistan.It consolidated Islam in South Asia and spread Muslim arts and culture as well as the Mughal Empire
King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death April 6, 1199. He also ruled Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine, and Richard The Lion Hearted
A denial of church teaching Heresy
A decline in the value of money, A rise in the prices of goods and services. Inflation
The taking away of a persons right of membership in a Christian church Excommunication

The Crusades Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Jews
Constantinople
Feudalism
Pilgrims
Richard the Lionhearted
Saladin
Hardship
Knights
Cross
Holy Land
Jerusalem
Christians
Muslims
Pope Urban
Byzantine Empire
crusades

Crusades Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Christian Pope during the Crusades. He promised entry into Heaven to all Christians going on crusade. Pope Urban II
Muslim leader during the Third Crusade who united Muslims against Christians and recaptured Jerusalem. Saladin
A series of holy wars fought between European Christians and Muslims Crusades
Holy Land surrounding the city Jerusalem. Important to all 3 major religions. Palestine
Meeting where Pope Urban II told Christians to go to war against Muslims. It began the crusades. Council of Clermont
Those who claim the Holy Land because it was the site of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection. Christians
Those who claim the Holy Land because they believed God's gift of the Holy Land to Abraham meant for Arabs too. Muslims
Those who claim the holy land because the Torah establishes claim to the Holy Land Jews
The main city that both Christians and Muslims wanted to control. Jerusalem
Courageous Christian leader from England during the Third Crusade. King Richard