Type
Crossword
Description

Godfather of genetics Mendel
Ability of living things to maintain stable internal environment homeostasis
Godfather of evolution darwin
First step of cellular respiration glycolysis
Organism that eats both plants and animals omnivore
Organelle of photosynthesis chloroplast
Center of an atom, a cell, a galaxy, a comet, or group of neurons in your brain nucleus
'Fish' with skeletons made of cartilage, not bone shark
Godfather of Soul aka Soul Brother Number 1 Brown
Organisms without a nuclues prokaryotes
Process of converting RNA into protein translation
ATP producing organelle mitochondria
Chemical bond formed when two atoms share electrons covalent
Element of organic molecules carbon
Process of somatic/body cell division mitosis
Scientific term for trees with needles conifer

Mitosis and Meiosis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The mitotic stage that follows metaphase; duplicated chromosomes separate at the centromere and migrate toward the mitotic centers. Anaphase
Reproduction involving only one parent Asexual reproduction
The part of a chromosome where the chromatids join together. Centromere
In animal cells, a cytoplasmic organelle that organizes the mitotic spindle fibers during cell reproduction. Centriole
One of the two strands that make up chromosomes seen in prophase and metaphase that have duplicated their DNA during interphase. Chromatid
An exchange of chromosomal material between homologous pairs that occurs during prophase 1 of meiosis. Crossing Over
Having two of each chromosome. Diploid
The only cells that undergo meiosis. Germ Cells
The actual number of different types of chromosomes a cell possesses. Haploid
The phase most cells spend 95% of their time in. Interphase
How sperm and egg cells are created. Meiosis
The stage of mitosis where duplicated chromosomes line up along the center of the mitotic spindle. Metaphase
The first stage of mitosis when the nuclear membrane is absorbed into the cell. Prophase
Body cells. Somatic
The last stage of mitosis when the chromosomes separate and the nuclear membrane reforms. Telophase
Microtubules visible during cell division that are involved in separating chromosomes. Spindle Fibers
The mitotic process that results int he formation of sperm cells. Spermatogenesis
The mitotic process that results in the formation of egg cells. Oogenesis
Cytoplasmic division that follows the division of the nucleus. Cytokinesis
One egg cell. Ovum

Cell Respiration Crossword Review

Type
Crossword
Description

The word that means "requires oxygen" aerobic
How many ATP are produced during the Electron Transport Chain stage? 34
What is the energy currency used by all cells to do work? ATP
What does ATP supply you (your cells) with? energy
Where does glycolysis take place in the cell? cytoplasm
What is another name for the Krebs Cycle? citric acid cycle
What term means "oxygen not required"? anaerobic
When ATP loses a phosphate, it becomes this molecule? ADP
In glycolysis, glucose is split to for 2 molecules of _______ ? pyruvate
Cell respiration produces a total of ________ ATP molecules from one glucose molecule. 38
The Krebs Cycle takes place in the soupy liquid of the mitochondria called the _____? matrix
The organelle involved in cell respiration is called the _____. mitochondria
The folds of the inner membrane of the mitochondria are known as ______. cristae
How many Calories per gram do we get from carbohydrates? (spell it out) four
The term that refers to the amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water by one degree Celsius is ? calorie
The ETC occurs in the ______ ______ of the mitochondria inner membrane
The process by which food is broken down to release energy in the presence of oxygen is known as ____ ______. cell respiration
Glycolysis produces this many molecules of ATP? (spell it out) two
This macromolecule type yields 9 Calories for every gram consumed. fat
The Krebs Cycle produces this many ATP (spell it out) two
C6H12O6 is the chemical formula for _______? glucose
Glucose is a type of ____________ (macromolecule family) carbohydrate
Glycolysis is anaerobic, which means _____________ is not needed. oxygen
Calorie with a capital C is equal to a ______calorie (prefix for 1000) kilo
Besides carbohydrates, ________________ also gives up 4 Calories per gram consumed. proteins

Cells Answer Key Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The basic building blocks of all living things. Cell
A group of similar cells that live and work together Tissues
A collection of tissues joined in a structural unit to serve a common function. Organ
A group of organs that work together to perform one or more functions. Organ System
An individual life form. Organism
Surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell and gives the cell structure and support. Cell Membrane
A gel-like substance inside the cell that contains all the cell parts and organelles. Cytoplasm
A group of tissues that work together to perform a specialized function or functions. Organelles
Molecules that contain all the genetic material and traits for each organism. DNA
Molecules are single stranded nucleic acids composed of nucleotides. RNA
A type of plastid that contains chlorophyll which is where photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
An organelle that modifies,sorts,and packs molecules and stores or sends it when needed. Golgi Complex
Often known as the "powerhouses" of the cell, this organelle generates energy for the cell through cellular respiration.​This means it takes in nutrients from the cell, breaks it down, and turns it into energy. Mitochondria
An organelle in both plant and animal cells that provides support and participates in a variety of cellular functions including storage, protection, and growth. Vacuole
Sacs of enzymes that digest food, water, and waste Lysosomes
Extensive network of membranes composed of both regions with ribosomes (rough ER) and regions without ribosomes (smooth ER). Endoplasmic Reticulum
Tiny structures bound by a membrane that contain enzymes that produce hydrogen peroxide as a by-product. Peroxisomes
The outermost covering of a cell that protects the cell and gives it shape & support. Cell Wall
Multicellular organism Eukaryote
Unicellular organism Prokaryote
Organisms made up of only one cell Unicellular Organisms
Organisms made up of two or more cells Multicellular Organisms
Chemical compound that contains carbon atoms. Organic Compound
Molecules that allow organisms to transfer genetic info from one generation to the next. There are two types of nucleic acids: DNA and RNA. Nucleic Acid
Consisting of RNA and proteins, they are responsible for protein production and assembly. Ribosomes
A substance made entirely of one type of atom. Element
The smallest unit of a substance that maintains the properties of that substance. Atom
Membrane bound structure that contains the cell's hereditary information and DNA. Also controls all of the cells activities. Nucleus
A membrane which surrounds the genetic material and nucleus in eukaryotic cells. Nuclear Membrane
A structure inside the cell nucleus that rewrites ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and combine it with proteins, results in the formation of incomplete ribosomes. Nucleolus
Tubelike structures that aid in cell division and Celiogenesis, are generally are found close to the nucleus Centrioles
A theory that descibes the basic characteristics of all cells and organisms. It is one if the foundational ideas of modern biology Cell Theory

Cell organelles and functions Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Basic unit of a chemical element Atom
A group of atoms bonded together Molecule
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, Cell
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells Mitochondria
the material or protoplasm within a living cell Cytoplasm
study of cell structure and function Cell biology
the semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell. Cell membrane
(in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplast
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells Nucleus
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within a living cell. Organelles
single-celled organism which has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles Prokaryote
organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane Eukaryote
a rigid layer of polysaccharides lying outside the plasma membrane of the cells of plants, fungi, and bacteria Cell wall
A sphere-shaped structure within the cytoplasm of a cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis Ribosomes
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
It is another packaging organelle like the endoplasmic reticulum Golgi Complex
transport of materials within the cytoplasm. Vesicles
an organelle in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells containing degradative enzymes enclosed in a membrane. Lysosomes
Theory that states that cells are the basic units of structure and function in living organisms. Cell theory

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The first step of Cellular Respiration where glucose is broken in half and 2 ATP energy units are released. Glycosis
Short for Adenosine Triphosphate. It is the energy that is released when the mitochondrion breaks down the sugars you have eaten. ATP
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvincycle
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process. Lightreactions
The small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move Stomata
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer. Autotroph
An organelle inside a plant cell only where photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
An organism that must eat plants or other animals for food heterotroph
An organelle inside an animal AND plant cell where cellular respiration takes place Mitochondria
The process by which plants use carbon dioxide + energy from the sun to create sugars and oxgen Photosynthesis
Produces 36 ATP energy units for each sugar molecule broken up Krebscycle
The process that takes place inside all eukaryotic cells (both plants and animals) that breaks down sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP Cellularrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place when there is oxygen Aerobicrespiration
Cellular respiration that takes place where there is NO oxygen anaerobicrespiration
Sugars produced by photosynthesis Glucose
Primary light absorbing pigment in autotrophs chlorophyll

cellular respiration crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound that functions as a coenzyme in many biological acetylation reactions and is formed as an intermediate in the oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Acetyl CoA
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates Glucose
An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups ADP
first stage of cellular respiration, it occurs in cytoplasm of the cell, splitting of a sugar Glycolysis
composed of adenosine, ribose, and three phosphate ATP
pH is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH. H+ ions
A series of metabolic processes that take place within a cell in which biochemical energy is harvested from organic substance and stored as energy carriers for use in energy-requiring activities of the cell. Cellular respiration
consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen. H2O
essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids. Coenzyme A
A series of enzymatic reactions in aerobic organisms involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl units and producing high-energy phosphate compounds such as ATP, which serve as the main source of cellular energy. Krebs cycle
process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes, moving through a solution or gas from an area of higher number of particles to an area of lower number of particles. Concentration gradient
power house of the cell Mitochondria
contents outside of the nucleus and enclosed within the cell membrane of a cell. It is clear in color and has a gel-like appearance. Cytoplasm
two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups, with one nucleotide containing an adenine base and the other containing nicotinamide NAD+
a crystalline organic acid, C 4 H 4 O 5 , that is an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle Oxaloacetate
electron accepter that is utilized in cellular respiration. FADH2
a colorless, odorless, gaseous element constituting about one-fifth of the volume of the atmosphere and present in a combined state in nature Oxygen
is an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use through the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate  ATP Synthase
end product of glycolysis, which is converted into acetyl coA that enters the Krebs cycle when there is sufficient oxygen available Pyruvate

Cell Organelles Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life cell
The lipid bilayr that forms the outer boundary of the cell Cell Membrane
A rigid structure that surrounds the cells of plants and most bacteria Cell wall
A jelly-like substance that hold the cell organelles together Cytoplasm
Known as the "skeleton" of the cell; network of long protein strands in the cytosol that helps support the cell Cytoskeleton
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for export by the cell Golgi apparatus
Powerhouse of the cell; produces energy (ATP) from oxygen and sugar (cellular respiration) Mitochondria
An organelle containing digestive enzymes Lysosomes
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus Nucleolus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processes of the cell Nucleus
An organelle that functions in the synthesis of proteins Ribosome
Stores water and nutrients for the cell; very large in plant cells Vacuole
A membrane bound sac that contains materials involved in transport of the cell Vesicle
An internal membrane system in which components of cell membrane and some proteins are constructed Endoplasmic Reticulum
whip-like tails found in one-celled organisms to aid movement Flagella
One of several bodies with a specialized function that is suspended in the cytosol of the cell; small organs Organelle
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell Nuclear envelope

Biology Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The first step of the Scientific Method is__________. Ask a Question
When you have an educated guess, you have created a_________? Hypothesis
An_______________ is needed to test your hypothesis. Experiment
Last step of the scientific method is_______________? Conclusion
When you observe something you_____________ it. Research
After observing something you_____________ the data. Record
You can create charts and___________. Graphs
__________ steps are easy to ready. Simple
Scottish bacteriologist______________ _____________ discovered penicillin in 1928. Alexander Fleming
Looking at information before recording it. Analyze
Chooses what can enter and exit the cell. Cell Membrane
Tough outer layer of a cell membrane in most cells is_________. Cell Wall
The________ makes a tough, flexible, waterproof enclosure for a cell. Bilayer
____________ cells that look like bacterial cells less complex and lack organelles Prokaryotic
Controls cell processes with DNA, the genetic information Nucleus
Tiny dots that make protein Ribosomes
Small sacks that contain digestive enzymes used to break down foods, worn out cell parts, or undesirable Lysosomes
Used for storage of a huge range of substances each as water, nutrients, wastes, etc. Vacuoles
Filled with the green pigment chlorophyll where sunlight is used to create sugars by photosynthesis Chloroplast
Process by which plants, some bacteria, and protist use sunlight to make sugar? Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis usually occur green using green pigment _____________ Chlorophyll
Converts this sugar into ATP, the ‘fuel’ used by all living organisms Cellular Respiration
Compound which absorbs light Pigment
Water + carbon-> Light -> Glucose + oxygen is the formula to Photosynthesis
Glycolysis has _____ ATP 2
Cellular Respiration can be ________________ Anaerobic
Sugar + Oxygen -> ATP -> Carbon + Oxygen is formula to Cellular Respiration
Radiation from the sun that can be seen by the Human eye Visible Light
It is _____________ that only 10% of photosynthesis occurs in plants Estimated
A process where cells divide to create two identical cells Mitosis

Parts of a Cell Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others. Cell membrane
A small body located near the nucleus - it has a dense center and radiating tubules. The centrosomes is where microtubules are made. During cell division (mitosis), the centrosome divides and the two parts move to opposite sides of the dividing cell. The centriole is the dense center of the centrosome. Centosome
the jellylike material outside the cell nucleus in which the organelles are located. cytoplasm
a flattened, layered, sac-like organelle that looks like a stack of pancakes and is located near the nucleus. It produces the membranes that surround the lysosomes. The Golgi body packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles for "export" from the cell. Golgi body
round organelles surrounded by a membrane and containing digestive enzymes. This is where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place. lysosomes
spherical to rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane. The inner membrane is infolded many times, forming a series of projections (called cristae). The mitochondrion converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for the cell. mitochondrion
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus. nuclear membrane
an organelle within the nucleus - it is where ribosomal RNA is produced. Some cells have more than one nucleolus. nucleolus
spherical body containing many organelles, including the nucleolus. The nucleus controls many of the functions of the cell (by controlling protein synthesis) and contains DNA (in chromosomes). The nucleus is surrounded by the nuclear membrane. nucleus
small organelles composed of RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis. ribosomes
(rough ER) a vast system of interconnected, membranous, infolded and convoluted sacks that are located in the cell's cytoplasm (the ER is continuous with the outer nuclear membrane). Rough ER is covered with ribosomes that give it a rough appearance. Rough ER transports materials through the cell and produces proteins in sacks called cisternae (which are sent to the Golgi body, or inserted into the cell membrane). endoplasmic reticulum
fluid-filled, membrane-surrounded cavities inside a cell. The vacuole fills with food being digested and waste material that is on its way out of the cell. vacuole

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Able to make energy from Light Energy (Plants) Autotrophs
Able to make energy from Chemicals (Bacteria) Chemotrophs
Obtains energy from food; Cannot make energy (Animals & Humans) Heterotrophs
The Organelle found in plants and algae cells where Photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
Stacks of Thylakoids Grana
Flattened discs where Light-Dependent Reactions occur Thylakoid
The Solution/Space inside the Thylakoid where Light-Independent Reactions occur Stroma
Cannot occur without Oxygen; requires Oxygen Aerobic Respiration
Ca occur with or without Oxygen present; Does NOT require Oxygen Anaerobic Respiration
A green pigment found in most plant cells; gives plants there green color, reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form Carbohydrates; located in Chloroplast Chlorophyll
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce Carbohydrates and Oxygen Photosynthesis
The process by which cells obtain energy from Carbohydrates; Atmospheric Oxygen combines with Glucose to form Water and Carbon Dioxide Cellular Respiration
The 1st step of Photosynthesis; Light Energy is captured and stored as NADPH and Oxygen gas is released; requires light Light-Dependent Reactions
The 2nd step of Photosynthesis; Calvin Cycle forms Organic compounds using the stored energy(Glucose) Light-Independent Reactions
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to Pyruvic Acid, which makes a small amount of energy available to cells in the form of ATP; 1st Step of Cellular Respiration Glycolysis
A series of biochemical reactions that convert Pyruvic Acid into Carbon Dioxide and Water; it is the major pathway of oxidation for many organisms and it releases energy; 2nd Step of Cellular Respiration Krebs Cycle
Known as ETC, it converts the most energy into ATP for cells; domino effect; Final Step in Cellular Respiration Electron Transport Chain