Type
Crossword
Description

One group of these rocks consists of gravel-sized fragments that are cemented together by minerals​. Clastic
These rocks form minerals that were once dissolved in water.​ Chemical
A type of limestone made up from the shells of tiny, one-celled marine organisms​. Chalk
Rocks that are not made up of rock fragments but are chemical in origin.​ Chemical
Made up of sand-sized grains that have been cemented together.​ Sandstone
The major component of sandstone​. Quartz
Forms from decayed plant remains that are buried and compacted into matter that is mostly carbon.​ Coal
Formed by the action of wind or water on sand. ​ Ripple Marks
The remains or traces of ancient plants and animals. ​ Fossils
"Formed from the remains of living things."​ Organic
Result when muddy deposits dry and shrink​. Mud Cracks
Lumps of rock with a composition different from that of the main rock body​. Concretion

Sedimentary Rocks Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things Sediment
The destructive process in which water, or wind loosens and carries away fragments of rock Erosion
The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it Deposition
The process that presses sediments together Compaction
The process in which dissolved materials crystalize and glue particles of sediment together Cementation
A sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together Clastic Rock
Forms where the remains of plants and animals are deposited in thick layers Organic Rock
When minerals that are dissolved in a solution crystalize, this forms Chemical Rock
People have used sedimentary rocks for Building Materials
People have also used sedimentary rocks for Tools
This clastic rock is easily split into flat pieces and fossils are often found in them Shale
This organic rock is made from the different shells as well as coral; Coquina is a form of this rock Limestone
This clastic rock is made up of rock fragments with rounded edges Conglomerate
This organic rock is made up of swamp plants that formed millions of years ago, and changed into this rock Coal
This Clastic Rock is made of small holes between sand grains that allows the rock to absorb water Sandstone
This Clastic Rock is formed with rock fragments with sharp edges Breccia

Sedimentary Rocks Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Describes the breaking down of rock and minerals Weathering
Describes carrying sediments to new locations Erosion
Describes the dropping or depositing of sediments into a new location Deposition
These rocks are formed from weathering of other rocks. Clastic Rocks
These rocks form from dissolved materials that come out of solution. Chemical Rocks
The process where sediments compact under pressure Lithification
Describes layers of sediment building up over millions of years. Sedimentation
Describes layers being pressed together. Compaction
Describes layers being glued or really tightly pressed together. Cementation
It is a soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs. Shale
It is a combustible black or dark brown rock consisting mainly of carbonized plant matter, found mainly in underground deposits and widely used as fuel coal
It is a hard sedimentary rock, composed mainly of calcium carbonate or dolomite, used as building material and in the making of cement. Limestone
made up of rounded pebbles cemented together Conglomerate
sand grains cemented together into solid stone sandstone
rock salt made by the evaporation of sea water halite

Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

Geology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

ROCK CYCLE Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Which type of sedimentary rock consists of fragments of preexisting rocks that are compacted and cemented together? CLASTIC
What is a mix of large and small sizes of particles? Coglomerate
What are rocks that are heated, buried, and use water for cooling? Metamorphic
Which type of pressure is the same pressure from all directions? CONFINING
Which type of pressure is unequal pressure from different directions? DIRECTED
What becomes more distinct with increased temperature and pressure? FOLIATION
What is a process that describes the formation, breakdown, and reformation of a rock? Rock Cycle
Whci rock is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava? IGNEOUS
How is metamorphic rock formed? HEAT AND PRESSURE
What is the process by which the surface of the Earth gets worn down? EROSION

Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

Rocks and Minerals Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Type of rock formed when lava or magma cools Igneous
Type of rocks that made when other rocks are subjected to heat and preassure Metamorphic
Heavy lead Mineral Galena
Oldest known and coveted mineral Gold
Made of small pieces of mud,sand, or small stones Sediments
A rock gets its color from the.......it's made of Minerals
....are made of minerals Rocks
....its a hard mineral Quartz
When Mica,and Quartz are mixed together ,they become a kind of rock named....... Granite
Melted rock that flows out of a volcano...... Lava
As melted rock cools, the minerals it's made of may form...... Crystals
one kind od igneous rock is called.... Obsidian
Melted rock that is inside Earth is called.... Magma
.....rocks form on Earth's surface or just beneath it Sedimentary
Some loose sediments are glude together to make rock this is called... Cementing
......is another kind of sedimentary rock Conglomerate
...is a sedimentary rock made from shells Limestone
...is a sedimentary rock made from mud Shale
The granite changes into a metamorphic rock called... Gneiss
Water,wind,and ice change rocks.It's called... Weathering

Rocks and minerals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Rocks are exposed to extreme temperature and pressure Metamorphic
When magma or lava cools and crystallizes Igneous
Rocks are broken down into smaller pieces or dissolved in water as rocks erode Sedimentary
Measure of the resistance of a mineral to scratching Hardness
Any natural occurring , generally composed of minerals Rock
Color of a mineral when it is crushed to a powder Streak
How a mineral breaks into flat surfaces Cleavage
The way light interacts with a rock, or mineral Luster
the quality of an object or substance with the way light reflects the object color
how the object feels texture
the amount of heat pressed on an object temperature
hot liquid material below or within the earths wich lava is made magma
freely moving atoms arranged in patterns cool down cooling
sand or quartz grains cemented together sandstone
rocks cool _ _ _ _ beneath the earths surface slow
hard white mineral quartz
series of events where rocks can form from another type to another over time rock cycle
the process where rocks are worn down by wind or water creating sediment weathering
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano lava
the upper layer where plants grow soil

Rocks Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Conquina is a form of limestone in which the shells that makeup the rock are easy to see Limestone
Swamp plants that formed millions of years ago slowly change to form coal Coal
Many small holes between sand grains allow sandstone to absorb water Sandstone
Rock fragments with rounded edges makeup conglomerate Conglomerate
A type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by pressure or chemical reactions Metamorphic rock
Rock fragments with sharp edges form breccia Breccia
Fossils are often found in shale which split easily into flat peices Shale
A rock that is formed by the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface Igneous rock
A dark dense igneous rock with a fine texture that is found in oceanic crust Basalt
A usually light colored rock that is found in the continental crust Granite
A rock that forms when particles of other rocks or the remains or plants or animals are pressed or cemented together Sedimentary rock
It is produced when felsic lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly with a minimum crystal growth Obsidian
It is formed by the metamorphosis or granite or sedimentary rocks Gneiss
It forms where wind water or ice deposits silt and the silt is then compacted and cemented into a rock Siltstone
It forms when gas bubbles are trapped in the rock during the rapid cooling if magma Pumice
Forms when grantic magma has partially cooled in the subsurface Rhyolite
Forms from the product of a explosive volcanic eruption Tuff
It forms when magma containing abundant dissolved gas flows from a volcano or is blown out during an eruption Scoria
It is metamorphic rock with well developed foliation. It often contains significant amounts of mica which allow the rock to split into thin pieces Schist
It is a fine-grained, foliated metamorphic rock that is created by the alteration of shale or mudstone by low-grade regional metamorphism Slate

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource