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A ratio between the number of desired outcomes to the total possible outcomes Probability

A subset of the population selected without bias Random Sample

A subset of the population selected in order to make inferences about the entire population Sample

A set or subset of outcomes from a single action or activity when the outcomes cannot be subdivided (flipping a coin, rolling a number cube) Simple Event

The likelihood of an event occurring without conducting an experiment Theoretical probability

An experiment or model used to test the outcomes of an event Simulation

The probability of the non-occurrence of a desired outcome Complement

The likelihood of an event occurring from the outcomes of an experiment Experimental Probability

A conclusion or prediction based on data Inference

The result of an action or event Outcome

Total collection of persons, objects, or items of interest Population

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A set of all outcomes in an experiment EVENT

The ratio of the number of times a specified event happens to the total number of trials or experiments performed Experimental Probability

An event that includes two or more independent events Compound Event

When there are M ways to do one thing, and N ways to do another, then there are M x N ways of doing both Counting Principle

All the possible results in a probability experiment Sample Space

An event that consists of exactly one outcome Simple Event

The number of possible ways an event can happen compared to all possible outcomes Theoretical Probability

All the OTHER possible outcomes of an experiment Complement

A chart that organizes possible outcomes for a process to make it easy to count Tree Diagram

All possible results of a trial or an experiment Outcome

Denoting two events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually Exclusive

The likelihood or chance of a given event happening Probability

An event whose outcome has nothing to do with the outcome of other event Independent Event

An event whose outcome is affected by the outcome of another event Dependent Event

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The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment Sample space

The set that contains elements or objects that belong to either A or B or to both Union of two sets (A u B)

The set having no elements Null or Empty set

Refers to the elements not in that set Complement of a set

A diagram that shows relationships between different finite sets Venn Diagram

Two or more events that cannot occur at the same time Mutually exclusive

Two or more events that can occur at the same time Mutually inclusive

When two events A and B are mutually exclusive, the probability that A or B will occur is the some of probability of each events Addition rule

Probability of both occurring by p(A and B) Event

Total number outcome is based on a particular category or event p(A/B) Conditional probability

Two events are dependent if the outcome of the first affect the outcome of the second probability changed Dependent event

Two events, A and B are independent if the fact that A occur does not effect the probability that B occur Independent events

Is the chance that something's will happen how likely is that some event will happen sometime you can measure a probability with a number like 10 percent chance of rain Basic probability

A tree diagram is a toal that we use in general mathematics ..Probability and stastic that allow us to calculate the number of possible outcome of an event Tree diagrams

The probability of two independent events occurring can found by the following former p(AnB) =p(A).p(B) Multiplication rule

When two events are said to be independent of each other Two way table

Drawing a red card from a standard deck of card is 26/52 so percent the probability of drawing a deck is 13/52 (25) percent the odd for event is the ratin of the number Odds

The chance of an event occurring Probability

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The ________ of an event is a ratio that compares the number of favorable outcomes to the number of possible outcomes. Probability

Outcomes occur at ________ if each outcome is equally likely to occur. Random

__________ ____________ is based on uniform probability- what should happen when conducting a probability experiment. Theoretical Probability

______________ _________ is based on relative frequency- what actually occurs during such experiment. Experimental Probability

The set of all the possible outcomes in a probability experiment is called the _________ _________. Sample Space

Organized lists, tables, and _______ ________ can be used to represent the sample space. Tree Diagrams

A _________ ___________ is one in which there is more than one possible outcome. Compound Event

A possible result in a probability experiment is called ___________. Outcome

_________ ________ are two events in which either one or the other must happen, but they cannot happen at the same time. Complementary Events

__________ __________ is the ratio of the number of experimental successes to the number of experimental attempts. Relative Frequency

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what is the average of a given set numbers? mean

what do you call the data that measures distribution around the mean? variance

what measures how spread out numbers are? standard deviation

what graph shows a quantitative comparison using bars bar graph

a graphical display that shows data grouped ranges with connected bars? histogram

a graph of plotted points that shows a relationship between two sets of data scatter plot

what describes the strength and direction of relationships of two variables? correlation

the likelihood of an event happening would be? probability

two or more events that cannot occur at the same exact time mutually exclusive

this would that the event hasn't occured complement

circles overlapping or not to show a direct relationship between groups Venn diagram

an event with a probability of 1 certain event

an event with a probability of 0 is an uncertain event

an arrangement of objects with regards to the order permutation

a group of numbers that have been arranged arrangement

when you see "!" after a number (12!) that is called? factorial

all possible outcomes of a set sample space

when two events have similar outcomes non-mutually exclusive

when you dont know the set but you're able to make it by describing whats in it set notation

selection of all or part of a set of numbers without regard to their order combination

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The maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function. vertex

The line of symmetry that runs through the vertex; can be found algebraically: x=-b/(2a) axis of symmetry

All the input values of a function. domain

All the output values of a function. range

x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a quadratic formula

one of the possible outcomes of a probability experiment event

a possible result of an experiment outcome

a diagram that shows how two or more sets in a universal set are related Ven diagram

a collection or list of items SET

events such that the outcome of one event does not affect the probability of the outcome of another event independent events

'sides and angles' that are images of each other will be equal if the two triangles are congruent. CORRESPONDING PARTS

Any number that can be written as a simple fraction, with a whole number numerator and denominator, such as terminating decimals, repeating decimals and integers. rational number

A square with a whole number root. perfect square

An angle of exactly 90 degrees. right angle

A triangle that contains a right angle. right triangle

Any number that cannot be written as a simple fraction, such as non-repeating, non-terminating decimals, square roots of non-perfect squares, pi. irrational number

The result of multiplying a number by itself square

Greek philosopher, 570-495 BC. There is no evidence that Pythagoras himself worked on or proved the Pythagorean Theorem, which was used previously by Babylonians and Indians. Pythagoras

A mathematical symbol that indicates the extraction of the root of the square inside. radical sign

the statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal equation

a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression Coefficient

solving a problem solutions

value that,when multiplied by itself,gives the number roots

relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio

two ratios or fractions are equal proportion

relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio

a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together terms

an unbroken part of a circle arc

an angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle central angle

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Consists of information coming from observations, counts, measurements, or responses. Data

The science of collecting, organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data in order to make decisions Statistics

The collection of all outcomes, responses, measurements, or counts that are of interest Population

A subset of a population Sample

A numerical description of a population characteristic Parameter

A numerical description of a sample characteristic Statistic

The branch of statistics that involves the organization, summmarization, and display of data Descriptive Statistic

Consists of attributes, labels, or nonnumerical entries Qualitative Data

Consist of numerical measurements or counts Quantitative Data

Occurs when an experiment cannot tell the difference between the effects of the different factors on a variable. Confounding Variable

A technique where the subject does not know whether he or she is receiving a treatment or a placebo Blinding

A process of randomly assigning subjects to different treatment groups. Randomization

The repetition of an experiment using a large group of subjects. Replication

A count or measure of an entire population. Census

On in which every member of he population has an equal chance of being selected. Random Sample

Depending on the focus of the study, members of the population are divided into two or more subsets Stratified Sample

Divide the population into groups and select the members in one or more groups Cluster Sample

Each member of the population is assigned a number Systematic Sample

Convenience Sample Convenience Sample

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dependent

independent

overlapping

exclusive

compound

complement

odds

experimental

theoretical

probability

event

outcome

bias

sample

population

bivariate

univariate

qualitative

quantitative

tendency

range

mode

median

mean

outlier

table

histogram

frequency

element

matrix

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Average of the numbers Mean

Arranging objects of a set in no specific order Combinations

The average of the squared differences from the mean Variance

The whole group that is being studied Population

Random experiment that has two possible outcomes: success and failure Bernoulli Trials

Measure of how spread out the numbers are Standard Deviation

Likelihood of something occurring in the future Probability

Process over time in which outcomes match real-world problems Simulation

The number of times the data value occurs Frequency

Sum of all possible values each multiplied by the probability of it occurring Expected Value

Used to gather information Survey

Bell-shaped density curve described by its mean and standard deviation Normal Distribution

When event A's occurrence does not affect the probability of Event B occurring Independent Event

The "middle" number in a set of ordered numbers from least to greatest Median

The number of standard deviations a data point is from the mean Zscore

Arranging objects of a set in a specific order Permutations

Selected people/objects from the whole Sample

Collecting, organizing, and interpreting data Statistics

The outcome of Event A affects the outcome of Event B Dependent Event

Number that appears most often in a set of numbers Mode

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The likelihood of something occurring. Probability

A possible result of an experiment. Outcome

Probability based on analysis of all possible outcomes (______ Probability). Theoretical

A set of outcomes that have a common characteristic. Event

Events that have different attributes and cannot occur simultaneously (_____ Exclusive Events). Mutually

Different events that happen at the same time (___-____ Exclusive Events). Nonmutually

Situations in which the occurrence or non-occurrence of one event has no influence on the probability of the other event occurring (_____ Events). Independent

The occurrence or non-occurrence of one event influences the probability of the other event occurring (______ Events). Dependent

Multiple events in a probability experiment which may or may not affect each other (______ Events). Compound

Probability based on experimental trials (_____ Probability). Experimental

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A set of information data

the range of numbers that includes the largest and smallest values scale

the difference between the largest and smallest values range

the scale divided into equal, non-overlapping parts intervals

a graphical representation of data on a number line line plot

data that is unbroken and numerical continuous

a graph depicting bars that represent non-continuous data bar graph

a bar graph representing continuous data; bars touch histogram

the middle data point when the data are in order median

the sum of the data divided by the number of data mean

the data that occurs most mode

the ratio of the number of successful outcomes to the number of possible outcomes probability

the set of all possible outcomes sample space

the result of a probability experiment outcome

when the result of the first event does not affect the result of the second event independent events

when the result of the first event does affect the result of the second event dependent events