Type
Crossword
Description

An American business magnate who built his wealth in railroads and shipping. Vanderbilt
The wealthy elite of the late 19th century consisting of industrialists. Robber Barons
Popular name for members of Industrial Workers of the World. Wobblies
Principles of scientific management developed by Frederick Taylor. taylorism
The effort to restore southern states to the Union and to redefine African Americans’ place in American society after the Civil War. reconstruction
A secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights. Klu Klux Klan
The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service. Monopoly
A bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on May 4, 1886. Haymarket Square Riot
Term for the working class. proletariat
A name for the late 1800s, coined by Mark Twain to describe the tremendous increase in wealth caused by the industrial age and the ostentatious lifestyles it allowed the very rich. The Gilded Age
A faction of the Republican Party who believed blacks were entitled to the same political rights and opportunities as whites. Radical Republicans
Identified a natural order that extended from the laws of the cosmos to the workings of industrial society. Social Darwinism
The middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes. Bourgeoisie
A political and economic theory of social organization that advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Socialism
The efficient production of large numbers of identical goods. Mass Production
The joining together of two or more companies or organizations to form one larger one. Mergers
A business that is owned by many investors. Corporation
A highly successful banker who bought out Carnegie. With Carnegie's holdings and some others, he launched U.S Steel and made it the first billion dollar corporation. JP Morgan
A Scottish immigrant who made a fortune in steel and donated most of his profits. Carnegie
Captain of industry that created a monopoly in oil refineries. Rockefeller
Labor union that sought to organize all workers and focused on broad social reforms. Knights of Labor
English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies. Herbert Spencer
Operated between the worlds of workers and owners and ensured the efficient operation and administration of mass production and mass distribution. visible hand
17th president of the US who assumed the presidency as he was vice president of the US at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Andrew Johnson
An American soldier and politician who served as the 18th president of the United States from 1869 to 1877. US Grant

U.S History Unit 2 Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

American oil industry tycoon and philanthropist , started the standard oil company Rockefeller
the exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a company Monopoly
which claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics Social Darwinism
a person who seeks to promote the welfare of others, especially by the generous donation of money to good causes. Philanthropist
Scottish American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. Carnegie
came to America from areas that had not traditionally supplied settlers to the US. New Immigrants
was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families Ludlow
was a nationwide railroad strike in the United States on May 11, 1894. It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) Pullman Strike
, sometimes referred to as the Great Upheaval, began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cut wages for the third time in a year. Great Railroad Strike
was an Irish-born American schoolteacher and dressmaker who became a prominent labor and community organizer. Mother Jones
a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups. Ghetto
was a philosopher and economist famous for his ideas about capitalism and communism. Marx, in conjunction Karl Marx

The Industry and Gilded Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who drilled the first successful oil well in Pennsylvania? Edwin Drake
Won the election in 1896, and he is a Republican candidate William McKinley
This system allowed government politicians to reward loyal party workers with government jobs. Spoils
It's an economic and political philosophy that favors public, instead of private. Socialism
Invented light bulb Thomas Edison
What integration system consolidated firms in the same business? Horizontal
He is a Stalwart turned reformer upon becoming president; initiated Pendleton Civil Service Act. Arthur
Earned the nickname "captains of industry" Andrew Carnegie
Which act outlawed any trust that operated in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states. Sherman Antitrust
This is a policy which allowed businesses to operate under minimal government regulation. Laissez faire
fueled industrialization, and invest money in a product in order to make profit. Entrepreneurs
Who were pushed from their homelands due to religious discrimination, and crop failures? Immigrants
What did Samuel Morse invented? telegraph
Investors developed a form of group ownership known as a corporation
What market riot had ended deadly violence in Chicago? Hay
This is where workers strike against the pullman palace Car Company Pullman
The law which kept blacks and whites segregated? Jim Crow
This Act prohibited Chinese laborers from entering the country. Chinese Exclusion
The amendment which granted women's right to vote nineteen
He argued that blacks should earn an education and established the Tuskegee insitiute Booker T Washington
This act reversed the government policy of making both gold and silver coins. Coinage
Created an invention which made skyscrapers practical, and invented safety elevator. Elisha Otis
American Federation of labor founded by Samuel Gompers
In 1990, how many college students in the U.S. were women? one third
This is a process for purifying iron resulting in strong, but light weight, steel. Bessemer

U.S History Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Railroad joined in 1869 that linked the nation by railway from the east to the west. Transcontinental Railroad
The last notable armed conflict between US troops and Native Americans, it resulted from an attempt by US soldiers to arrest Chief Sitting Bull. Wounded Knee
Law passed in an attempt to assimilate Native Americans to US society by abolishing tribal organizations and dividing up reservations for the purpose of allotting land to individual Native American families. Dawes Act
Invention by Thomas Edison that enabled factories to remain open longer and helped increase US production. Light Bulb
the process of producing goods in large numbers so as to sell more, thereby charging less and still making profit. Mass Production
Innovative industrialist who revolutionized the auto industry with a more efficient assembly line and mass production techniques that made automobiles more affordable. Henry Ford
Names used to describe businessmen who dominated the railroad industry Robber barons
Capitalist who made his fortune in oil and founded the nation's first trust in the form of the Standard Oil Company. John d. Rockefeller
A business arrangement under which a number of companies unite into one system, effectively creating a monopoly as it destroys competition. Trust
Markets in which there are only one supplier of a product and no market competition. Monopolies
Taxes on imports to protect US business. Protective Tarrifs
Producing so much of a product that the prices fall and producers often go bankrupt. Overproduction
Process of children working as part of the work force. Child Labor
A tiny island near the Statue of Liberty, it opened in 1892 and became a well known reception center for immigrants arriving by ship. Ellis Island
People coming to the US immigration
RR industry when he extended his New York Central railroad to reach Chicago, Illinois allowing travel from New York to Chicago without changing trains several times. Cornelius Vanderbilt
The first federation of labor unions in the United States American Federation Of Labor
An American union leader and leader of the pullman strike of 1894. Eugene V Debs
A nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that began in 1894 Pullman Strike of 1894
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor from 1886-1924 Samuel Gompers

Industrial Revolution Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the era when the use of power-driven machinery was developed Industrial Revolution
a process in Europe from 1700's to the mid 1800's where landowners fenced small fields to create large farms, allowing for more efficient farming enclosure movement
the basic resources for industrialization, such as labor, land and capital factors of production
a usually small-scale industry carried on at home by family members using their own equipment cottage industry
developing industries for the production of goods industrialization
a place where goods are manufactured in mass quantity factory
an organization representing worker's interests labor unions
a work stoppage strike
the system of manufacturing large numbers of identical items mass production
identical machine-made parts that can be substituted for each other in manufacturing interchangeable parts
a mass-production process in which a product is moved fowrd through many work stations where workers perform specific tasks assembly line
a buisness system where companies are allowed to conduct a buisness without interference by the government laissez-faire
a risk taker who starts a buisness system within the economic system of capitalism entrepreneur
a political and economic system in which society, usually in the form of government, owns the means of prodution socialism
economic and political system in which government owns the means of production and controls economic planning communism
a meausure of the quality of living standard of living

A New Industrial Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scottish immigrant who made his riches in the steel industry Carnegie
Type of integration in which a company buys out all its suppliers vertical
Type of integration in which companies producing similar products merge horizontal
theory that taught only the strong survived social darwinism
Head of the Standard Oil Company rockefeller
Act that made it illegal for corporations to interfere with free interstate or international trade sherman antitrust
Formed the American Federation of Labor Gompers
Acronym of the union that focused on collective bargaining and used strikes as a major tactic AFL
Formed the American Railway Union Debs
Acronym for the union of radicals and socialists nicknamed the Wobblies IWW
Organizer of the United Mine Workers of America Jones
Kind of railroad that crosses the entire country transcontinental
Inventor of the sleeping car, who built a factory outside of Chicago to produce his railroad cars Pullman
Company created to steal railroad money credit mobilier
Court case that gave government right to regulate private industry munn v illinois
First person to use a steam engine to drill for oil Drake
Process used to make steel from iron bessemer
Inventor of the light bulb and a system of producing and distributing electricity Edison
Inventor of the typerwriter Sholes
Inventor of the telephone Graham Bell
Buildings that extended upwards instead of outwards skyscrapers
Complete control over an industry's production, wages, and prices monopoly
1877 strike by protesters upset over their second wage cut in two months great strike
Refusals to work strikes
People who believed in government control over business and property, as well as equal distribution of wealth socialists
Negotiations to reach agreements on wages, hours, and working conditions collective bargaining

The Industrial Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the time when the development of production machinery was booming industrial revolution
when landowners combined small fields to create large, fenced ones enclosure movement
essential elements needed to achieve economic success factors of production
weaving, a craft occupation performed at home cottage industry
a building or group of buildings where goods are manufactured or assembled factory
Who invented the seed drill? Jethro Tull
who invented a spinning frame which spun stronger and thinner thread? Richard Arkwright
who invented a faster and more-efficient-at driving machinery engine James Watt
Who developed the steamship? Robert Fulton
organizations representing workers' interests labor unions
protests organized by unions for higher pay and better work hours strikes
manufacturing large numbers of identical items mass production
a system where the product moves from worker to worker assembly line
idea that governments should not interfere in business laissez-faire
some one who is self-made through starting their own business entrepreneur
society or the government, not individual, should own property/control industry socialism
the government should own all means of production and economic planning; a system in which everyone is financially equal communism
level of material comfort for people in industrialized cities standard of living
Who published "The wealth of Nations Adam Smith
Who was it that said population growth through development of industry would cause a food shortage? Thomas Malthus
who lead the expansion of the American steel industry? Hint: he went from "rags to riches" with hard work, creativity, and intelligence Andrew Carnegie
who wrote "The Communist Manifesto"? Karl Marx

An Industrial Society Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the oily, and flammable liquid most Americans used to light their oil lamps? Petroleum
What is a government document giving an inventor rights to or to sell his or her inventions? patent
What is the pattern of good and bad times in the economy? business cycle
What system was adopted in 1918 that divided the United States into four time zones? standard time
What was a business owned by investors who buy part of the company through shares of stock? corporation
Who lead the oil industry at this time? john d. rockefeller
Who controlled the steel industry? andrew carnegie
What is the union protest named that resulted with about 100 dead after an unknown person threw a bomb? haymarket affair
A nationwide railway strike that spread throughout the rail industry in 1894. pullman strike
A national organization of labor unions founded in 1886. AFL
A company that that eliminates its competitors and controls an industry. monopoly
An organization of workers from all different trades formed after the civil war. Knights of labor
A place where workers labored long hours under poor conditions for low wages. sweatshops
A person who gives large amounts of money to charities. philanthropists
A legal body created to hold stock in many companies, often in the same industry. trust
A new way of making steel that was developed in the 1850's and caused steel production to soar. bessemer steel process
The inventor of electricity. thomas edison
The inventor of the telephone. Alexander Graham bell
A railroad that spanned across the entire continent. transcontinental
Who was the labor leader that helped found a new national organization called the American Federation of Labor (AFL). Samuel grompers

History Chapter 20 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Small railroad companies were often costly to run, so many copmanies began to _____________ consolidate
The making of large amounts of a product quickly and cheaply mass production
The workers who replaced people who went on strike strikebreakers
Who was called "The WIzard of Menlo Park", made a moving picture invention, and invented the light bulb Thomas Edison
Who were the people that opposed all forms of organized governmnet anarchist
What is the name of the fire that killed nearly 150 people, mostly young women, in a sweatshop in Ney York Triangle Fire
Licenses for new invention were called____________. Nearly 60 were granted every day. patents
What do you call gaining control of all the stepsto transform raw materials into a finished product vertical integration
What enabled the steel workers to create better steel at lower prices bessemer process
With what method do workers stay in place while products go down a moving belt moving assembly line
Who were the two bicycle mechanics that invented the first airplane Wilbur and Orville Wright
Who was a great business man who worked with steel. He used the Bessemer process to make a lot of money. He bought out a lot of his competitors Andrew Carnegie
What do you call a single group of corporations run by a single board of directors trust
What is an economic system in which businesses are owned by private citizens who decide what to produce and how much to charge free enterprise system
Who was a teacher of the deaf, who invented the telephone Alexander Graham Bell
What do you call control of all the businesses in an industry monopoly
He was a shrewd businessman who bought an oil refinery instead of drilliing for oil. that helped him to make lots of money and drive his competition out of business. John D Rockefeller
What do you call shares in a corporation's profit dividends
What is the right of unions to negotiate with managment for workers as a group collective bargaining
What was the name of the labor rally in Chicago that ended in violence when a bomb exploded Haymarket RIot
What do you call a business that is owned by investors corporation
What means across the Atlantic transatlantic

Industrial Revolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the totality of the changes in economic and social organization that began about 1760 in England and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments Industrial Revolution
a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory Stock
a tract of land surrounded by a fence enclosure
an association of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members corporation
Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield croprotation
Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations adamsmith
the large-scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc industrialization
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth capitalism
a building or group of buildings with facilities for the manufacture of goods factory
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole socialism
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist karlmarx
a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk entrepreneur
a group of states or nations united into one political body union
to deal a blow or stroke to (a person or thing), as with the fist, a weapon, or a hammer; hit strike
of, relating to, or characteristic of the middle class; bourgeois middleclass

Industrial Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A man risking money to start a business Entrepreneur
A policy of letting things take their own course Laissea-faire
A steel making process Bessemer process
Owned a railroad and shipping industry Cornelius Vanderbilt
Owned standard oil company John D Rockefeller
Owned Carnegie steel company Andrew Carnegie
Created pullman sleeping car George M Pullman
A monopoly Trust
Made monopolies illegal Sherman anti trust act
People moving into cities Urbanization
Buying all companies that produce the same product Horizontal
Owning all steps to make a product Vertical
Carnegie steel workers cut wages strike called off Homestead strike
Federal troops called in to end strike Pullman strike
Located at the bottom of ship Steerage
Immigration station on east coast Ellis island
Immigration station on west coast Angel Island
Prohibited immigration by Chinese laborers Chinese exclusion act