Type
Crossword
Description

This word meaning multiple. Multiple traits and control by two or more genes polygenetic traits
Individual at the center of the curve are in better shape than the ones at each end. Stabilizing selection
Random change in allele frequency Genetic drift
This occurs when a dramatic reduction in the size of population happens Bottleneck effect
This happens when a small subgroup of a population migrates. Founder effect
This happens In a population when the gene pool does not change Genetic equilibrium
When in a species, individuals select their mates based on certain traits Sexual selection
Defined as biologist as a population that can reproduce Species
Formation of a new species Speciation
Used to mark the passage of evolutionary time Molecular clock

evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding

Chapter 11-The Evolution of Populations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a population. gene pool
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for that trait, in the gene pool. allele frequency
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is highest near the mean range value and decreases progressively toward each extreme end. normal distribution
observable change in the allele frequencies of a population over a few generations. microevolution
pathway of natural selection in which one uncommon phenotype is selected over a more common phenotype. directional selection
pathway of natural selection in which intermediate phenotypes are selected over phenotypes at both extremes. stabilizing selection
physical movement of alleles from one population to another. gene flow
change in allele frequencies due to chance alone, occurring most commonly in small populations. genetic drift
genetic drift that results from an event that drastically reduces the size of a population. bottleneck effect
genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals colonize a new area. founder effect
selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; traits are, therefore, passed on to offspring. sexual selection
condition in which a population's allele frequencies for a given trait do not change from generation to generation. Hardy-Weinberg
isolation between populations due to differences in courtship or mating behavior. behavioral isolation
isolation between populations due to physical barriers. geographic isolation
isolation between populations due to barriers related to time, such as differences in mating periods or differences in the time of day that individuals are most active. temporal isolation
evolution towards similar characteristics in unrelated species, resulting from adaptations to similar environmental conditions. convergent evolution
evolution of one or more closely related species into different species; resulting from adaptations to different environmental conditions. divergent evolution
process in which two or more species evolve in response to changes in each other. coevolution
elimination of a species from Earth. extinction

Honors Biology Evolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

a change in the nucleotide sequence of a gene or a chromosome is called mutation
A flock of birds for instance would move from one area to the new area during an unfavourable season. This is called Migration
The process of change in the genetic composition of a population due to chance or random events rather than by natural selection, resulting in changes in allele frequencies over time, is called Genetic Drift
refers to the loss of genetic variation when a new colony is established by a very small number of individuals away from a larger population, is called Founder effect
a sharp lowering of a population's gene pool because of an environmental, or human-caused, change, is called bottleneck effect
the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype, is called natural selection
The process in which new genetically distinct species evolve usually as a result of genetic isolation from the main population, is called Speciation
The movement and exchange of genes or alleles from one population of species to another, is called Gene Flow
The study of the distribution of different species of organisms around the planet and the factors that influenced that distribution, is called Biogeography
the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species, is called Comparitive Anatomy
The science concerned with the interactions of living organisms with each other and with their environment, also called bionomics, is called Ecology
:The study of fossil organisms and other related remains, is called Paleontology
The study of the distribution of different species of organisms around the planet and the factors that influenced that distribution, is called Zoogeography

Biotechnology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

method of breeding that allows only those individual organisms with desired characteristics to produce the next generation select breeding
breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best traits of both organisms hybridization
continued breeding of the individuals with similar characteristics of a line of organisms inbreeding
process of making changes in DNA code of living organisms genetic engineering
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides restriction enzyme
procedure used to spread and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porbus gel and applying an electrical voltage from different sources gel electrophoresis
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources recombinant DNA
small circular piece of DNA plasmid
gene that makes it possible to distinguish bacteria that carry a plasmid with forge in DNA from those that don't genetic maker
term used to refer an organism that contains genes from other organisms transgenic
member of a population of genetically identical cells clone
stands for deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
stands for ribonucleic acid RNA
genetic alternation of a cell cell transformation
technique that allows molecular biologists to make many copies of a particular gene PCR

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AND NATURAL SELECTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations Evolution
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring Natural Selection
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection Adaptation
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population Fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms Fossil
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin Homologous Structure
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups Analogous Structure
a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution Vestigal Structure
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits Convergent Evolution
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species Divergent Evolution
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches Adaptive Radiation
the intentional breeding of plants and animals Artifical Selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution Coevolution

Natural Selection Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the period between the birth of one generation and the birth of the next generation generation time
the formation of new species as a result of evolution speciation
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do natural selection
a characteristic that improves an individuals ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment adaptation
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offsring Species
the process in which inherited characteristics within a population change over generations such that new species sometimes arise Evolution
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock fossil
a historical sequence of life indicated by fossils found in layers of the earths crust fossil record
a genetically determined characteristic trait
the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits selective breeding
any method of determining whether an event or object is older or younger than other events or object relative dating
any method of measuring the age of an object or event in years absolute dating
the theory that explains how large pieces of the Earths outermost layer, called tectonic plates, move and chage shape plates tectonics

Evolution Vocabulary Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

stabilizing selection
allopatric speciation
reproductive isolation
Punctured equilibrium
natural selection
macroevolution
microevolution
Hardy-Weinberg principle
gradualism
geographical isolation
genetic equilibrium
genetic drift
genetic bottleneck
gene pool
Founder effect
extinction
disruptive selection
directional selection
divergent evolution
convergent evolution
coevolution
camouflage
mimicry
artificial selection
adaptive radiation
adaptions

General Biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The evolutionary history of an organism Phylogeny
a variant form of a gene located at a locus on the chromosome allele
all copies of alleles at all loci in the population gene pool
chance events cause unpredictable fluctuations in allele frequencies from one generation to the next genetic drift
study of the past and present geographic distributions of species biogeography
a fertilized egg zygote
transfer of alleles from one population to another, resulting from the movement of fertile individuals gene flow
similarity in characteristics resulting from a shared ancestry homology
similarity between two species that is due to convergent evolution analogy
the type of evolution of similar features in independent evolutionary lineages convergent
natural selection that favors altruistic behavior by enhancing the reproductive success of relatives kin selection
union of haploid gametes to produce a diploid zygote fertilization
influx of new individuals into a population from other areas immigration
movement of individuals out of a population emigration
a regular, long-distance change in location migration
preserved remnant or impression of an organism that lived in the past fossil
genetic drift that occurs when a few individuals become isolated from a larger population and form a new population whose gene pool is not reflective of the original population founder effect
process in which individuals that have certain inherited traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates natural selection

Biology Chapter 15 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Survival of the fittest based on the organisms genotypes and phenotypes. Natural Selection
term used by Darwin to describe changes of an organism through time. Evolution
smaller form of a functional structures that could potentially serve no purpose. Vestigal Structures
bald eagles and butterflies both have ____________________ Analogous Structure
a type of adaptation when one species evolves to resemble another. Mimicry
a measure of the relative contribution that an individual trait makes to the next generation fitness
type of genetic trip when population drops real low but then rebounds. bottle neck
subset of an original population founder effect
any change in allelic frequencies in a population that results from chance genetic drift
most common form of natural selection that eliminates extreme genotypes stabalizing selection
process that splits a population into 2 groups. Disruptive selection
change in frequency of a trait based on the ability to attract a mate. Sexual Selection