Type
Crossword
Description

the process of change over time Evolution
the preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms Fossils
In _________ __________, nature provides the variations, and human select those they find useful. Artificial selection
any heritable characteristic that increases an organism's ability to survive and reproduce in its environment Adaptation
how well an organism can survive and reproduce in its environment Fitness
Darwin named his mechanism for evolution this because of its similarities to artificial selection. Natural Selection
consists of all the genes, including all the different alleles for each gene, that are present in a population Gene Pool
The ______ _________ of an allele has nothing to do with whether the allele is dominant or recessive. Allele Frequency
a trait controlled by only one gene single-gene trait
Each gene of _________ ______ often has two or more alleles polygenic traits

Chapter 15 and 16 Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms evolution
Any inherited characteristic that increases an organism's chance of survival adaptation
Structures that have different mature forms but develop from the same embryonic tissue homologous
Consists of all genes that are present in a population genepool
Change in DNA sequence that is one of the two major sources of genetic variation mutation
When the members of two populations cannot interbreed and produce fertile offspring reproductiveisolation
Occurs during production of gametes and is another source of genetic variation geneshuffling
Formation of a new species speciation
A trait which often has two or more alleles polygenic
Lamarck though that this type of characteristic could be inherited acquired
Type of isolation in which two or more species reproduce at different times temporal
The type of selection in which humans choose most desirable traits for breeding artificial
Isolation in which animals have differences in rituals behavioral
Economist which noted human population will grow faster than space needed to sustain it malthus
Darwin called this the ability of an individual to survive and reproduce in its specific environment fitness
A well-supported testable explanation of natural phenomena theory
Scientist who believed that organisms acquired or lost certain traits during their lifetime lamarck

theory of evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Change over time. evolution
A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations. Theory
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock. Fossil
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce offspring with identical traits. Artificial Selection
Competition between organisms for food and space. Struggle for existence
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment.  Fitness
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce.  Adaptation
Survive and Reproduce most successfully.  Survival of the fittest
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment.  Natural Selection
Principle that all living things have a common ancestor.  Common Descent
Structures that are similar in different species of common ancestry  Homologous structure
Organ that serves no useful function in an organism Vestigial organ

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AND NATURAL SELECTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations Evolution
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring Natural Selection
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection Adaptation
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population Fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms Fossil
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin Homologous Structure
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups Analogous Structure
a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution Vestigal Structure
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits Convergent Evolution
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species Divergent Evolution
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches Adaptive Radiation
the intentional breeding of plants and animals Artifical Selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution Coevolution

evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Evolution, Chapter 10 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of biological change by which descendants look different than their ancestors EVOLUTION
a group of organisms that can reproduce and have fertile offspring SPECIES
a naturalist who studied species on the Galapagos Island and thought all living things descended from a common ancestor DARWIN
A naturalist who thought that changes in physical characteristics were driven by changes in the environmnent over time LAMARCK
traces of organisms that existed in the past FOSSILS
a theory that states geologic processes that shape the Earth are uniform over time UNIFORMITARIANISM
the theory that natural disasters like floods have happened often during Earth's history CATASTROPHISM
the principle that changes in landforms happen slowly over a long period of time GRADUALISM
the differences in traits among individuals within a group VARIATION
a feature that allows an organism to better survive in its environment ADAPTATION
all the individuals of a species that live in a certain area POPULATION
a measure of the ability to survive and produce more offspring FITNESS
___________ selection is when nature is the selective agent of which organisms will survive and reproduce NATURAL
the ability for a trait to be passed from one generation to the next HERITABILITY
the principle taht having many offspring increases teh chance that some will survive OVERPRODUCTION
the study of the distribution of organisms around the world BIOGEOGRAPHY
_____________structures are features taht are similar in structure but appear in different organsims and have different functions HOMOLOGOUS
__________structures perform similar function but are NOT similar in origin ANALOGOUS
_________structures are remnants that hada function in an earlier ancestor but are underdeveloped or unused in a later organism VESTIGIAL
________ evidence relies on similarities in DNA sequences MOLECULAR
_________ evidence relies on similar features in embryos EMBRYOLOGICAL
the study of fossils or extinct organisms PALEONTOLOGY

Genetics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Factors that control a trait Allele
A person's genetic makeup Genotype
A person's physical appearance Phenotype
A change in a gene or chromosome Mutation
A chart that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait Pedigree
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell Karyotype
An organism that has the same genes as the organism it was produced from Clone
Breeding two individuals with similar traits Inbreeding
Same alleles for a single trait Homozygous
Different alleles fo a single trait Hetrozygous
The science behind heredity Genectics
The chance of something occuring Probability
When two alleles are equal and present in both the phenotype and genotype of an organism Codominance
A chart that shows all the possible combinations of two genotypes Punnet Square
The process that produces 4 sex cells Meiosis
Breeding two individuals with different traits Hybridization
Moving healthy genes into cells to replace missing or abnormal genes in order to correct a genetic disorder Gene therapy
A genetic problem caused by an issue in an organism's genes Genetic disorder
A trait controlled by three or more alleles is said to have ________________ Multiple alleles
Choosing two organisms with desired traits to be bred Selective breeding

Evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species of a group of organisms Evolution
A process in which individuals that have certain traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates than other individuals because of those traits. Natural selection
Organisms with specific traits in order to produce offspring’s with identical traits. Artificial selection
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce Adaption
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment fitness
a sudden departure from the parent type in one or more heritable characteristics, caused by a change in a gene or a chromosome. an individual, species, or the like, resulting from such a departure mutation
Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location. migration
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result of chance events rather than natural selection genetic drift
-Ability of an animal to look like another more harmful animal. Mimicry
A structural adaption that enables an organism to blend in with its environment Camouflage
Structures in different species that are similar because of common ancestry Homologous structures
Structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but are similar in function Analogous structures
Remnant of a structure that may have had an important function in a species ancestors, but has no clear function in the modern species Vestigial Structures
This person was born in 1809 and died in 1832. He wrote “ On The origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” Charles Darwin

Natural Selection Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the period between the birth of one generation and the birth of the next generation generation time
the formation of new species as a result of evolution speciation
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do natural selection
a characteristic that improves an individuals ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment adaptation
a group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offsring Species
the process in which inherited characteristics within a population change over generations such that new species sometimes arise Evolution
the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock fossil
a historical sequence of life indicated by fossils found in layers of the earths crust fossil record
a genetically determined characteristic trait
the human practice of breeding animals or plants that have certain desired traits selective breeding
any method of determining whether an event or object is older or younger than other events or object relative dating
any method of measuring the age of an object or event in years absolute dating
the theory that explains how large pieces of the Earths outermost layer, called tectonic plates, move and chage shape plates tectonics

The Theory of Evolution and Natural Selection Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms fossil
an inherited trait which helps an organism survive and reproduce that is maintained and evolved by natural selection adaptation
naturally occurring differences within a species variations
when humans select plants and animals for breeding based upon desired traits selective breeding
a form of an inherited characteristic trait
learned trait, not passed on to offspring acquired trait
naturalist who developed the Theory of Evolution Darwin
islands that Darwin traveled to Galapagos
Darwin studied the differences between the ______ of finches beaks
name of Darwin's ship HMSBeagle
A _______ is all of the individuals of a species living in a an area at the same time population
the process by which populations change over time evolution
a change in genetic material mutation
when an organism makes more offspring than the environment can handle overproduction
when all members of a species have died extinction
evidence that organisms have changed over time can be found in _______, ice or sedimentary rock amber
most recent species from which two different species have evolved common ancestor
the wing of a bat is similar in structure to the _____ of a human arm
genetic information is stored in an organism's _____ DNA
a scientist who studies fossils paleontologist

Natural Selection & Evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the gradual process by which something changes into a different form evolution
the process by which certain traits make it more possible for an organism to survive naturalselection
a group of a type of organisms or animals species
the amount or count in a certain area of a species population
the evolution by which new species are formed speciation
the end of a species extinction
when a population becomes better suited to its habitat adaptation
a method of blending into an environment camouflage
biodiversity variation
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment fitness
consist of all genes including all the different alleles, that are present in a population genepool
the theory that evolutionary traits can be explained by competition sexualselection
preserved remains in animals fossils
a group of organisms with a common descendent ancestor