Type
Crossword
Description

Unspecialised cells that have the potential to develop into any type of cell. stem cells
A condition in which blood glucose concerntrations cannot be controlled effectively. diabetes mellitus
A response in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys some of its own cells. autoimmune response
The hormone released from the pancreas that causes blood glucose levels to go down. insulin
Cells found in the islets of Langerhans that secretes the hormone insulin. beta cells
Abnormally low levels of glucose in the blood. hypoglycaemia
Where blood glusose concerntrations remain high for longer than normal periods. hyperglycaemia
A polysaccharide which forms glucose on hydrolysis. glycogen
Manipulating the genome of E.coli to manufacture human insulin. genetic modification
Insulin-dependant diabetes. type 1
Non-insulin dependant diabetes. type 2
A small organ laying below the stomoch with both exocrine and endocrine function. pancreas
A factor that brings an earlier onset of type 2 diabetes. obesity
A small device which constantly pumps insulin into the bloodstream through a needle that is permantly inserted under the skin. insulin pump
A process where a new pancreas or islet cells are given by a donor. transplant
A source of stem cells. bone marrow
Before modern biotechnology, what animal was insulin taken from the pancreas of? pigs

Diabetes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Unspecialised cells that have the potential to develop into any type of cell StemCells
A factor which can lead to Type Two diabetes Obesity
Diabetes _______ is a condition where the body can no longer produce sufficient insulin Mellitus
Hypoglycaemia is when the concentration of glucose drops too _____ Low
When the concentration of glucose goes too high Hyperglycaemia
Used to control blood glucose concentration levels Insulin
The insulin-dependent diabetes TypeOne
Insulin has been produced by bacteria that have undergone _______ ________ GeneticModification
Type One diabetes is thought to be a result of an _____ _____ AutoimmuneResponse
Islet cell transplantation uses healthy ____ cells Beta
An alternative to insulin injections is _____ ____ InsulinPump
The non-insulin-dependent diabetes TypeTwo
Stem Cells are commonly found in _______ ______ BoneMarrow
A more expensive way to create insulin is to extract it from ______ Animals
Specific receptors become elss responsive on the muscle and ____ cells Liver
Insulin used to be extracted from the ____ of animals Pancreas
Commonly used to treat Type One diabetes InsulinInjections
ype Two diabetes is usually treated by a change in _____ Lifestyle
Insulin is an example of a ______ Protein
Using genetically modified bacteria, there is a lower chance of ______ Rejection

Hormones and Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

molecule secreted into the extracellular fluid hormone
, chemical signaling by hormones is the function of the endocrine system
major communication and control system nervous system
, ductless organs with endocrine cells endocrine glands
secreted molecules that act over short distances to reach their target cells by diffusion local regulators
targets lie near secreting cell paracrine
secreted molecules act on the secreting cell itself autocrine
secreted by neurons nerotransmitters
specialized neurons secrete molecules that diffuse from nerve cell endings neurohormones
chemicals released into external environment pheromones
series of changes in cellular proteins that converts the signal into a response signal transduction
released in a stressful situation epinephrine
polypeptide local regulator in immune responses cytokines
stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation growth factors
nitrogen and double-bonded oxygen nitric oxide
modified fatty acids prostaglandins
gland located behind the stomach pancreas
response reduces the initial stimulus negative feedback
triggers uptake of glucose from the blood insulin
promotes release of glucose into the blood glucagon
scattered throughout the pancreas islets of Langerhans
caused by deficiency of insulin diabetes mellitus
released by the prothoracic glands ecdysone

Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Galnd that produces growth hormones, master gland Pituitary
Produces adrenaline, on top of kidneys Adrenal
Only found in women, produces oestrogen/progesterone Ovaries
Made by the pancreas Insulin
Produces a hormone that helps control calcium levels Parathyroid
Makes thyroxine Thyroid
Released when your glucose level falls below a set point Glucagon
What life function do the Nervous and Endocrine system perform Regulation
Improper insulin production, can't regulate the blood sugar level Diabetes
Viral infection of the spinal cord Polio

Type 2 diabetes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Diabetes is what type of disorder? metabolic
what accumulates in the blood? glucose
what is one way to manage diabetes? exercise
what does exercise decrease the resistance of cells to? insulin
if exercise and diet doesn't reduce blood glucose levels, what is the next step? medication
what medication blocks the production of glucose by the liver? metformin
what occurs when the blood glucose level drops too low? hypoglycaemia
what is a symptom of hypoglycaemia? sweating
over time medications can become more or less effective? less
diabetics should avoid food rich in what type of fat? saturated
in the plate method, what portion of the plate is assigned for starch and bread? quarter
how many cups of vegetables are we recommended to eat per day? three
an example of unprocessed whole grains is? oatmeal
when cooking meat such as chicken and turkey, what should be removed? skin
stronger muscles use what more effectively? glucose

Diabetes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

abnormally high blood glucose Hyperglycemia
What group of people have the earliest record of diabetes? Egyptians
Who was credited for naming diabetes Aretaeus
Who called diabetes "the pissing hell"? Thomas Willis
Which french physician told his patients to eat large amounts of sugar to cure their diabetes? Priorry
Who created the first portable blood glucose level tester? Ames Diagnostic
What gland is associated with diabetes? Pancreas
What hormone is associated with Diabetes? Insulin
What year was it discovered that the pancreas has a role in diabetes? 1922
What is the first type 2 diabetes medication called? Sulfonylurea
The type of diabetes you are born with Type 1
Type of diabetes that is gained Type 2
form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women. Gestational Diabetes
condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes

Blood Glucose regulation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process which maintains a constant internal environment homeostasis
A reactant of aerobic respiration that is ingested glucose
Glucose is stored as ________________ in the muscles glycogen
A hormone that stimulates the liver to break down glycogen to glucose Glucagon
Your blood sugar levels would___________________ after eating increase
The organ which constantly monitors and controls your blood glucose concentration pancreas
When your blood glucose levels rise after a meal which hormone is secreted? insulin
The _____________ and muscles are responsible for storing excess glucose as glycogen. liver
Your blood glucose levels are controlled through _______________ feedback. negative
If your body cannot make enough insulin to contol your glucose levels you have type 1 ______________ diabetes

The Endocrine Glands and Their Hormone Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Activates cells influenced by the SNS Epinephrine
Which hormone in the Adrenal Cortex increases blood glucose concentration in resoonse to stress Cortisol
Which hormone in the pancreatic islet stimulates the liver to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels Glucagon
This hormone stimulates growth and development of the testes and penis Testosterone
Which gland in the ovaries stimulates development of mammary glands' secretory tissue and aids in maintaning pregnancy Progesterone
The pineal gland produces which hormone thst regulates mood, sexual development, and daily cycles in response to the amount of light in the environment Melatonin
Which hormone produced by the adrenal cortex contributes to some secondary sex characteristics in women Weak androgens
Which hormone produced by the ovaries stimulate growth of primaty sex organs such as the uterus and tubes Estrogen
Which gland controls the release of the anterior pituitary hormone Hypothalamus
Which hormone stimulates constriction of blood vessels Antidiuretic
Which hormone causes uterine contractions and the ejection of milk from the mammary gland Oxytocin
Which hormone in the anterior pituitary promotes body tissue growth Growth
This hormone stimulates milk production Prolactin
Which gland increases metabolic rate and is required for normal growth Thyroid
The hormone that promotes sperm cell development is the ________ stimulating hormone Follicle
Which hormone increases metabolic rate Thyroxine
The hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids and androgen s Adrenocorticotropic
The hormone that initiates ovulation Luteinizing
The hormone that regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones; increases calcium level in blood Parathyroid
The hormone Epinephrine is produced in which gland Adrenal medulla

All about diabetes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what is clouding and thickening of the lens of the eye? cataracts
a type of nerve damage that people who have had diabetes might develop? diabetic neuropathy
a hormone that the pancreas makes? insulin
the type of diabetes when the pancreas can't make insulin? Type 1
Where does glucose from the food enter? Bloodstream
A long, flat gland in youor belly that helps your body digest food. Pancreas
Type of diabetes where the body still produces insulin. Type 2
The amount of glucose in the blood. Blood glucose level
Medical word for high blood sugar levels. hyperglycemia
A sugar that comes from the food we eat. Glucose
A type of medicine you take. pills
When the body doesn't have enough insulin. DKA
DKA occurs more often in people with this type of diabetes type 1
The breath will have this type of smell fruity
People with diabetes should wear these medical bracelets

Chapter 11- Hormones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Which hormones stimulates the liver to to release glucose, thereby increasing blood glucose levels? Glucagon
Which gland controls the release of anterior pituitary hormones? hypothalamus
Which hormone produces epinephrine? Adrenal Medulla
Which gland produces T3 & T4? Thyroid
The hormone that promotes growth of all body tissues. Growth hormone
Which hormone promotes salt & water retention in potassium excretion? Aldosterone
Which gland produces the hormone cortisol & adlosterone? Adrenal cortex
The hormone that regulates sexual development, mood, & daily cycles in response to light. Melatonin
The hormone that increases blood glucose concentration in response to stress? Cortisol
Which hormone stimulates thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones? TSH
Which gland produces estrogen & progesterone? Ovaries
Which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids & androgens? ACTH
Which hormone stimulates milk production? Prolactin
Which hormone stimulates hair growth on the body & face? Testosterone
Which hormone regulates the exchange of calcium between blood and bones? Parathyroid
Which gland produces the hormones insulin and glucagon? Pancreatic islets
Which gland produces the hormone ADH & oxcytocin other than hypothalmus? Posterior Pituitary
What hormone is released in the adrenal medulla gland? Epinephrine
The hormone oxytocin promotes contraction of the organ. Uterus
Insulin reduces concentration of _______ in the blood Glucose

Medical Emergencies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a pathological condition that results from the accumulation of acids in the body Acidosis
a metabolic disorder in which the ability to metabolize carbohydrates is impaired, usually because of the lack of insulin DiabetesMellitus
a form of hyperglycemia in uncontrollable diabetes in which certain acids accumulate when insulin is not available DiabeticKetoacidosis
glands that secrete or release chemicals that are used inside the body Endocrineglands
the study and prevention of blood related disorders Hematology
an abnormally high glucose level in the body Hyperglycemia
an abnormally low glucose level in the body hypoglycemia
a hormone produced by the islets of the pancreas that enables glucose in the blood to enter the cells, can be used in synthetic from to treat diabetes mellitus. Insulin
deep, rapid breathing; usually the result of an accumulation of certain acidswhen insulin us not avalible in the body. KussmaulRespirations
the passage of an unusually large amount of urine in a given period. In diabetics, this can result from the wasting of glucose in the urine Polyuria
the type if biabetic disease that typically develops in childhood and requires synthetic insulin for proper treatment and control Type1Diabetes
the type of diabetic disease that typically develops in later life and often can be controlled through diet and oral medications Type2Diabetes