EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Created
Dec 9, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

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More Crosswords, Word Searches, and Puzzles

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Created
Feb 5, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the trace or organism that lived in the past? Fossil
What is liquid magma that reaches the surface? Lava
What is the molten mixture of rock? Magma
What was the land mass that broke 200 million years ago? Pangea
What is a section of litosphere that slowly moves over the asthenosphere carrying pieces of continental drift and oceanic crust called ? Plates
What is the theory that pieces of earths litosphere are in constant motion driven by convection currents in the mantle called? Plate Tectonics
What is the process by which the shaking is perpendicular to the direction to the wave called? Seafloor spreading
What are vibrations that travel through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake called? Seismicwaves
What causes the rock to change its shape or volume? Stress
What is rocks surface, size, and shape? Texture
What is a slab of volcanic rock formed when magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Sill
What is an opening on earths surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava called? Vent
What is a violent shaking of the ground? Earthquake
What is very dense, has a solid center,mostly iron, and has small amount of oxygen? Innercore
What is the largest layer inside the earths? Mantle
What forms when the top of the volcano collapse? Caldera
What fossil when sediments fill in a mold and harden into a rock? Cast
What is a liquid core that surrounds earths solid inner core and that's is mostly made of iron? Outtercore
What is bits of rocks or solified lava dropped from the air? Tephra
What is the location in the mantle that is hotter than other areas? Hotspot

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Earthquake and Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Created
Nov 12, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume STRESS
stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle TENSION
stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks COMPRESSION
stress that pushes mass on rock in opposite directions, in sideways movement SHEARING
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface EARTHQUAKE
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake FOCUS
the point on Earth's surface directly above an earthquakes focus EPICENTER
a type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground P-WAVE
a type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side S-WAVE
a type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves reach Earth's surface SURFACE WAVE
the measurement of an earthquake's strength based on a seismic waves and movement along faults MAGNITUDE
a device that records ground movements caused by seismic waves as they move through Earth SEISMOGRAPH
the record of an earthquake's seismic waves produced by a seismogram SEISMOGRAM
an earthquake that occurs after a large earthquake in the same area AFTERSHOCK
a giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor TSUNAMI
a weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface VOLCANO
an area where magma from deep within the mantle melts through the crust above it HOTSPOT
a major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean ringoffrire
a liquids resistance to flowing VISCOSITY
a material found in magma that is formed from the elements of oxygen and silicon SILICA
the expulsion of ash, cinder, bombs, and gases during an explosive eruption PYROCLASTICFLOW
a volcano that is not currently active, but may become active in the future DORMANT
a volcano that is no longer active and is unlikely to erupt again EXTINCT
a wide, gently sloping mountain made of layers of lava and formed by quiet eruptions SHIELDVOLCANO
a fountain of water and steam that builds up pressure underground and erupts at regular intervals GEYSER

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Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Created
Dec 15, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

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Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Created
Mar 13, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock Magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments cinder cone
conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash composite
a type of volcano usually built almost entirely of fluid magma flows shield
roughly circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano lava dome
side vent conduit
a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano crater
a mountain that produces magma, lava, and ash and is formed by cracks in the Earth's surface volcano
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano tsunami

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Earthquakes Crossword

Created
Oct 23, 2017
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquake
The point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. Epicenter
The severity of earthquake shaking is assessed using a descriptive scale – the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. Intensity
An area on the margins of tectonic plates where seismic, volcanic, and tectonic activity takes place as a consequence of the relative motion of the plates. Plate Boundary
The point in the earth where the earthquake rupture or fault movement actually occurred. Focus
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. Seismograph
A sudden movement of the ground that releases elastic energy stored in rocks and generates seismic waves. Ground Movement
a twelve-point scale for expressing the local intensity of an earthquake, ranging from I (virtually imperceptible) to XII (total destruction). Mercalli Scale
A thin zone of crushed rock separating blocks of the earth's crust. Fault
A magnitude number to quantify the energy released by an earthquake. Richter Scale
The great size or extent of something. (size) Magnitude
A nonlinear scale used when there is a large range of quantities. Logarithmic Scale

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Lithosphere Vocabulary Crossword

Created
Nov 27, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The process of which rocks in the earth's crust change forms between sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rock cycle
A violent and sudden vibration in the earths crust that can cause great destruction earthquake
A process where rocks can be broken up or separated physical weathering
Environmental condition that can involve long and short term geological processes geohazard
Disintigration or erosion of rocks chemical weathering
Two plates that slowly move away from each other Divergent Boundary
The point, or focus between two plates focal point
Magma that has reached surface of the earth lava
A map that shows the elevation heights of a region topographical map
The exchange of warm liquids for cooler liquids with relation to density convection
waves that compress and extend, move vertically P waves
waves that slide past each other , move horizontally S waves
places where plates slide past each other transform boundary
Earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried be moving or running water and deposited as a sediment silt
a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or large lake tsunami
The theory that earths outer shell is divided into several plates that glide over the mantle plate tectonics
the crust and the uppermost mantle which constitute the hard and rigid outer layer of the earth lithosphere
The action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the earths crust then transport it away to another location erosion
A form of mass wasting that includes a wide range of ground movements landslides
an actively deforming region where two or more tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide convergent boundary
The point where an earthquake or underground collision occur epicenter
Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks Foliation Bedding
Faults that move vertically Reverse fault
a mixture of molten or semi- molten rock found beneath the surface of the earth magma
Underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics mid-ocean ridge
fine grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter clay
an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry flooding
A supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras Pangea
A rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface Volcano
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles. soil
A crack in the earths crust fault

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Rock Cycle Crossword

Created
Mar 12, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An Igneous rock turns into Sediments
become less hot cooling
The rock cycle _______ in a circle Rotates
Metamorphic ______. Rock
When a Volcano _______ Igneous rocks come out. Erupts
An igneous rock turns into sediments which turns into a sedimentary rock which then turns in to a metamorphic rock. Cycle
breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters Weathering
To make the sedimentary rock you have to combine _____ and pressure. Heat
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Be created by an upward movement of the earth's surface. Uplifting
After it turns into a metamorphic rock it has to _____ then it turn into an igneous rock. Melt
the binding together of particles or other things by cement. Cemention
formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentary
the action or process of forcing a body of igneous rock between or through existing formations, without reaching the surface. Intrusion
transformation of existing rock types. Metamorphic
process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. Crystallization
metamorphic rocks are subjected to heat and pressure from ______. Burial
mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
When you are trying to make an sedimentary rock you have to apply a lot of pressure. Pressure
action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion

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Crossword Puzzle for Rocks and Minerals

Created
Dec 20, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the solid mineral material forming part of the surface of the earth and other similar planets, exposed on the surface or underlying the soil or oceans. rock
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the stratification or layering of rocks or other geological materials. bedding
hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this. lava
igneous rocks that form from crystallized magma beneath the earth's surface intrusive
igneous rocks formed on the surface extrusive
occurs when only a portion of a solid is melted partialmelting
formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneousrock
Veins of extremely large-grained minerals pegmatites
large, well-formed crystals surrounded by fine-grained crystals of the same or different minerals Porphyritic
size, shape, and distribution of crystals or grains that make up a rock  texture
when mineral growth cements sediment grains together into rock Cementation
chemical sedimentary rocks that form as a result of crystal grains precipitating out of a supersaturated body of water evaporite
a subsurface area of rock that has enough porosity to allow for the accumulation of oil, natural gas, or water Reservoir
the percentage of open spaces between grains in a rock Porosity
sediments having particles ranging in size from boulders to microscopic particles, which often have worn surfaces and rounded corners. Clastic
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted. ore

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Oceanography crossword puzzle

Created
Mar 7, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

This boundray moves away from each other Divergent
This boundray moves toward each other Convergent
This boundray moves past each other in different directions Transform
Thin, outer most layer Crust
Layer beneath the crust Mantle
Dense liquid viscous (Dosen't flow easily) outer core
extremly dense, solid inner core
Are formed by the eruption of low-viscosity lava that can flow a great distance from a vent sheild
Forms in subduction zones when a crustal plate is forced into the mantle and begins to melt Composite
a steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments Cinder Cone
Also called the hypocenter of an Earthquake Focus
Earthquake waves start at the focus and travel outward in all directions Epicenter
waves of energy that travel the earth's layers Seismic waves
Defined as a crack or fracture in the earth's crust along which rock on one side has moved relative to rock on the other Fault
mountains that form mainly by the effects of folding layers within the upper part of the earth's crust folds
a process that occurs at mid-ocean ridges, where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge sea floor spreading
a process that takes place at convergent boundaries by which one tectonic plate moves under another tectonic plate and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge subduction
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption lava

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Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Created
Feb 24, 2016
Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

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