Immune System Crossword

A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living
A quick and general immune response you're born with
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies
A sexually transmitted disease
Swelling and redness at the site of infection
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens
Third and order or level
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells

HIV/AIDS crossword puzzle

HIV/AIDS crossword puzzle

A substance, also called an antigen, capable of provoking an immune response
Molecules in the blood or secretory fluids that tag, destroy or neutralize bacteria, viruses or other harmful toxins
A substance that, when introduced into the body, is capable of inducing the production of a specific antibody
Cellular suicide, also known as programmed cell death
Usually used in AIDS literature to describe a person who has a positive reaction to one of several tests for HIV antibodies, but who shows no clinical symptoms of the disease.
Any infectious disease capable of being transmitted by casual contact from one person to another
A protein found in muscles and blood, and excreted by the kidneys in the urine.The level provides a measure of kidney function.
The period when an organism (i.e., a virus or a bacterium) is in the body and not producing any ill effects
All white blood cells
Any perceptible, subjective change in the body or its functions that indicates disease or phases of disease, as reported by the patient.
Development of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood as a result of infection with HIV
Any substance or process that destroys a virus or suppresses its ability to reproduce
A prolonged, lingering or recurring state of disease
How well a drug works
The presence of virus in the bloodstream

The Immune System Crossword

The Immune System Crossword

while many medical advances have been made to safeguard against infection by.
pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses are caused by.
To function properly, this must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens.
These mechanisms include physical barriers such as skin, chemicals in the blood is.
a localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful.
less technical term for leukocyte.
a type of cell within the body capable of engulfing.
a lymphocyte not processed by the thymus gland.
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting.
a lymphocyte of a type produced or processed by the thymus.
the immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system.
These antigens are different from those on the surface of bacteria.

Immune System Crossword

Immune System Crossword

What is immunity achieved when the body makes antibodies against antigen?
Antibodies produced by plasma cells in response to antigenic stimulation?
This is a group of cells that come from a single cell; genetically identical.
It is the ability to resist and overcome injury by pathogens or antigenic substances.
What is a macromolecule that elicits an immune response by lymphocytes?
It is an enlarged monocyte that eats foreign material.
A short-acting immunity achieved when the person is given antibodies mad by another.
group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis
It is antigens that have been altered in order to produce active immunity without causing the disease.
What are substances that react with a specific antigen?
What is the eating of pathogens or cellular debris?
A foreign substance or antigen that stimulates an allergic reaction?
It is immunity against one’s own tissue.
The body’s response to infection or injury.
Lymphocytes that engage in antibody-mediated immunity.
It is a group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis.
They are substances produced by a virus-infected cell.
A type of lymphocyte that engages in cell-mediated immunity.

Diseases and Disorders Crossword

Diseases and Disorders Crossword

Illnesses cause by many factors
any agent that casues a disease
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others
Injections that can help prevent viral infections
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person)
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person
Protection from getting a disease
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them

Infection Control Crossword

Infection Control Crossword

too small to be seen by the naked eye
micro-organisms that cause infection
small single cell organisms
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years
only grow inside animals
organisms that contains genetic material
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients.
smallest and least understood of all microbes.
complex single cell organisms.
most micro-organisms do not cause infections
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature.
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body.
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention.
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly.
object has been in contact with pathogen.
infected arthropod as a host.
any medium that transports pathogens.
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet.
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings
route pathogens gain entry into a host.
a pathogen lives inside.
a natural resistance.
born with a certian amount of immunity
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually
reducing the probability of speading infection
best way to avoid spreading infection

The Immune System Crossword

The Immune System Crossword

The body's first line of defense against pathogens.
A cell that identifies pathogens and distinguishes different pathogens from each other.
The molecules that the immune system recongnizes as either part of the body or coming from outside the body.
Lymphocytes that produce proteins that help destroy pathogens.
The proteins produced by B Cells.
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause disease.
The process by which harmless antigens are purposefully introduced to a person's body to produce active immunity.
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming cells.
A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance.
A disorder in which respiratory passages narrow significantly.
An imbalance or misuse of insulin in the body.

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration?
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products?
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic?
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________.
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen.
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus.
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism?
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS).
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body.
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact.
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts?
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism?
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection.
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed?
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces?
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label.
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution.
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area.
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______.
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde.
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces.

Communicable diseases Crossword

Communicable diseases Crossword

disease causing microorganism
contains enzymes/ chemicals to kill pathogens
wet and sticky substance produced by cells that line the nose and lungs - traps germs/ dust/ bacteria
contains acid that kills pathogens
stops some microorganisms entering the ear canal
stops some microorganisms entering the nasal passages
tiny hair like structure that sweeps dust/ bacteria out of the throat and lungs
a way of growing bacteria in a lab under sterile (very clean) conditions
when our body knows which antibodies to make against a disease so we are protected from that disease
chemical produced by white blood cells that target specific virus/bacteria and kill them
these cancel out the toxins made by the pathogen
some white blood cells surround the pathogen and ingest them and destroy them
outer protective layer prevents pathogens coming into the body

The Immune and Lymphatic System Crossword

The Immune and Lymphatic System Crossword

the (blank) system is a combination of body defences made up of cells, tissues, and organs
surrounds and digests foreign organisms, dead cellls, and debris
tissue fluid that collects debris and is cleaned out later
the (blank) system cleans out the body using lymph and is responsible for creating and transporting leukocytes to the bloodstream
cells that respond when your immune system recognizes foreign molecules and memorizes past infections
white blood cells protect the body from (blank)
your body builds immunity by being exposed to (blank)
the immune system's non-specific response to foreign substances
cells that fight of infection until leukocytes that can destroy it arrive
cells that can release chemicals that traps and kills other pathogens
what part of the body is responsible for the making of more blood cells

Microbiology Unit 3 Crossword

Microbiology Unit 3 Crossword

A large group of naturally occurring and synthetic antibiotic produced by Penicillium mold and active against the cell wall of bacteria. Most important natural forms used to treat gram-positve cocci, some gram-negative bacteria.
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics isolated from the fungus Cephalosporium.
Antibiotic that targets the bacterial cell wall; used often in antibiotic resistant infections. Narrow spectrum of action; used to treat staphylococcal infections in cases of penicillin and methicillin resistance or in patients with an allergy to penicillin.
Inhibits the enzymatic step immediately preceding the step inhibited by sulfonamides; trimethoprim often given in conjunction with sulfamethoxazole because of this synergistic effect; used to treat Pneumocystis jiroveci in AIDS patients.
Use of a drug to prevent imminent infection of a person at risk.
The smallest concentration of drug needed to visibly control microbial growth.
A chemical substance from one microorganism that can inhibit or kill another microbe even in minute amounts.
Denotes drugs that have an effect on a wide variety of microorganisms.
Preparations of live microbes used as a preventive or therapeutic measure to displace or compete with potential pathogens.
In infection, the relative capacity of a pathogen to invade and harm host cells.
Infection will proceed only if a minimum number is present.
A specific chemical product of microbes, plants, and some animals that is poisonous to other organisms.
An infection that compounds a preexisting one.
The subjective evidence of infection and disease as perceived by the patient.
Systemic infection associated with microorganisms multiplying in circulating blood.
The total number of cases of a disease in a certain area and time period.
In epidemiology, the number of new cases of a disease occurring during a period.
An infectious disease indigenous to animals that humans can acquire through direct or indirect contact with infected animals.
An infection not present upon admission to a hospital but incurred while being treated there.
An acquired resistance to an infectious agent due to prior contact with that agent.
White blood cells. The primary infection-fighting blood cells.
A mature granulocyte present in peripheral circulation, exhibiting a multilobular nucleus and numerous cytoplasmic grannules that retain a neutral stain. Active phagocytic cell in bacterial infection.
A large protein molecule evoked in response to an antigen that interacts specifically with that antigen.
A chemical substance produced by white blood cells and tissue cells that regulates development, inflammation, and immunity.
A natural, nonspecific response to tissue injury that protects the host from further damage. It stimulates immune reactivity and blocks the spread of an infectious agent.
The accumulation of excess fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities. Also called swelling.
Natural human chemical that inhibits viral replication; used therapeutically to combat viral infections and cancer.
In immunology, serum protein components that act in a definite sequence when set in motion either by an antigen-antibody complex or by factors of the alternative (properdin) pathway.
In immunology, an augmented response or memory related to a prior stimulation of the immune system by antigen. It boosts the levels of immune substances.
Any cell, particle, or chemical that induces a specific immune response by B cells or T cells and can stimulate resistance to an infection or a toxin.
To reduce the virulence of a pathogenic bacterium or virus by passing it through a nonnative host or by long-term subculture.
The precise molecular group of an antigen that defines its specificity and triggers the immune response.
The status of collective acquired immunity in a population that reduces the likelihood that nonimmune individuals will contract and spread infection. One aim of vaccination is to induce herd immunity.
The long-lived progeny of a sensitized lymphocyte that remains in circulation and is genetically programmed to react rapidly with its antigen.
The process of stimulating phagocytosis by affixing molecules to the surfaces of foreign cells or particles.
A toxin that has been rendered nontoxic but is still capable of eliciting the formation of protective antitoxin antibodies; used in vaccines.
Exposes a person to a specially prepared microbial stimulus, in a form that doe-s not cause the disease.