help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available.
First Aid
the help given to someone who is injured or ill, to keep them safe until they can get more advanced medical treatment by seeing a doctor, health professional or go to hospital.
first aider
the provision of a formal professional opinion regarding what a specific individual should or should not do to restore or preserve health.
Medical Help
a quick way for you to find out if someone has any injuries or conditions which are life-threatening.
Scene survey
an initial, rapid check for life-threatening conditions/injuries.
Primary survey
start questioning the casualty about what’s happened and carefully check someone for any other injuries or illnesses
Secondary survey
Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.
ABC's
the method by which damage to skin, muscles, organs and bones happens
Mechanism of injury
a person or thing badly affected by an event or situation.
casualty
legal protection to people who give reasonable assistance to those who are, or who they believe to be, injured, ill, in peril, or otherwise incapacitated.
good samaritan act
failure to use reasonable care, resulting in damage or injury to another.
negligence
the first hour after the occurrence of a traumatic injury, considered the most critical for successful emergency treatment.
golden hour
a person who is present at an event or incident but does not take part.
bystander
a sudden upsetting or surprising event or experience.
shock
phenomenon that can be detected by someone other than the individual affected by the disease.
signs
phenomenon that is experienced by the individual affected by the disease
symptoms
the loss of the ability to move (and sometimes to feel anything) in part or most of the body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury.
paralysis
incapable of moving or being moved.
immobilized
the state of being awake and aware of one's surroundings.
consciousness
damage to the spinal cord that causes changes in its function, either temporary or permanent.
spinal injury