the movement to cities
urdanization
the sight of the first major rail line in 1830
Liverpool to Manchester
1793 invented the cotton gin to speed up the previous time-consuming process of removing the seeds from the fiber
Eli Whitney
money to invest in enterprises
Capital
someone who manages and assumes the financial risks of starting a new business
entrepreneur
a business organization in an area such as shipping, mining, railroads, or factories
enterprise
cottage industry; raw cotton was distributed to pheasant families; who spun it into thread then wove into cloth
putting-out system
a drug that prevents pain during surgery
anesthetic
the process of thinking over and consolidating land from peasant farmers
enclosure
to separate iron from its ore
smelt
multistory buildings divided into apartments
tenements
workers organization, were illegal at this time
labor unions
to end poverty offed a radical solution
socialism
how private individuals own and operate
means of production
set up a model community in New La-nark, Scotland
Robert Owen
German philosopher condemned the ideas of the Utopians
Karl Marx
refer to the system in which the government led by a small grup
communism
working class
proletariat