meaning God in Arabic
Allah
the holy book of Islam
Quran
the last prophet
Muhammad
a body of law governing all Muslims
Sharia
a Monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia
Islam
a follower of Islam
Muslim
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Yathrib
Hijrah
an Islamic place of worship
Mosque
an Islamic model of living based on Muhammad's teachings
sunna
a title that means successor or deputy
caliph
a dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire from A.D 661-750
Umayyads
became the first Caliph in 632
Abu Bakr
Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law
Ali
where the Umayyads moved their capital to
Damascus
The branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Shia
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
Sunni
A dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from A.D 750 to 1258
Abbasids
a member of a Muslim dynasty that traced its ancestry to Muhammad's daughter Fatima
Fatimid
a city where the Abbasids moved their capital to
Baghdad