lists of words specially chosen to represent a variety of spelling features at increasing levels of difficulty
spelling inventories
a tool used to analyze students spellings
feature guide
ex. writing a 'b' instead of a 'd'
reversals
the name of a specific spelling inventory, spans grade one through eight
McGuffey
the ways in which letters and letter patterns in words represent sound and meaning
orthography
smallest units of meaning
morphemes
letters represent sounds in a systematic way
alphabetic principle
little to no direct relationship between a character and an individual speech sound
prephonetic
acronym of vygotsky's model of growth
ZDP
the stage of reading that contains actions most adults view as pretend
emergent readers