a liquid mixture in which the solute is uniformly distributed within the solvent
Solution
heterogeneous mixture in which solute-like particles settle out of a solvent-like phase some time after their introduction
Suspensions
a homogeneous, noncrystalline substance consisting of large molecules or ultramicroscopic particles of one substance dispersed through a second substance
Colloids
solution containing the maxiumum amount of solute for a given amount of slovent
Saturated
solution which contains more solute than it can theoretically hold
Supersaturated
the minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent
Solute
the liquid in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
Solvent
measurement of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a given quanity of slovent
Concentrations
the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a solvent at equilibrium
Solubility
number of moles of solute per liter of solution
Molarity
property of a solution and is defined as the number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
Molality
measure of hydrogen ion concentration; a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
pH
a chemical substance that neutralizes alkalis, dissolves some metals, and turns litmus red; typically, a corrosive or sour-tasting liquid of this kind
Acid
substances that, in aqueous solution, are slippery to the touch, taste astringent, change the color of indicators, react with acids to form salts
Base
is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes
Ionization
an object that does not have a positive or negative charge
Neutral
a general process in which molecules separate or split into smaller particles such as atoms, ions or radicals, usually in a reversible manner
Dissociation
a substance that undergoes distinct observable change when the conditions of its solution change
Indicator
the ion H3O+, consisting of a protonated water molecule and present in all aqueous acids
Hydronium ion
technique where a solution of known concentration is used to determine the concentration of an unknown solution
Titration