chart that shows the presence or absence of a trait according to the relationships within a family across several generations
pedigree
application of mathematics and computer science to store, retrieve and analyze biological data
bioinformatics
entire set of genetic information that an organism carries in its DNA
genome
chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
autosome
enzyme that cuts DNA at a sequence of nucleotides
restrictionenzyme
procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placing a mixture of DNA fragments at one end of a porous gel and applying an electrical voltage to the gel
gelelectrophoresis
micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped together in pairs, arranged in order of decreasing size
karyotype
gene located on a sex chromosome
sexlinkedgene
one of two chromosomes that determines an individual's sex
sexchromosome
error in meiosis in which the homologous chromosomes fail to separate properly
nondisjunction
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
genomics