a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
federalism
approval by formal vote
ratify
fair treatment according to law; a judge on the supreme court
justice
requirements by citizens of America
duties
things recommended for US citizens to do
responsibilities
everyone has same rights, responsibilities, duties, and powers.
equality
member of a party chosen in each state to formally elect the President and Vice President
elector
secretaries of the executive departments, the vice president, and other top officials that help the president make decisions and policy
cabinet
a formal order given by a higher authority
mandate
medium for decision
forum
the President's refusal to spend money Congress voted to fund a program
impoundment
the postponement of legal punishment
reprieve
a release from legal punishment
pardon
formal agreement between the governments of 2 or more countries
treaty