Writing whatever comes to mind.
freewriting
Writing on a topic multiple times.
looping
Put main topic in the middle and circle it. Branch off main topic and connect it with ideas.
clustering
Writing ideas about a topic. Not full sentences.
listing
Good for coming up with details by asking "Why" questions.
brainstorming
Asking questions about how you can describe the topic, compare and contrast the topic, or associate the topic with the audience.
lookattopicfromdifferentangles
Creating questions and then asking different people the questions.
questionnaires
Writing about your topic to start getting good ideas. (not quite a rough draft)
exploratorydraft
Writing down experiences that you have, related to the topic.
relatetopictoownexperiences
Asking other people what they think about your topic.
talktootherpeople
Taking time to reflect on what you want to write.
steppingaway
Finding purpose of what you are writing and to who you are writing. (inform, entertain, or persuade)
identifingpurposeandaudience