a measure of how hot or cold something is; specifically a measure of the average kinetic energy of an object
Temperature
an increase in the size of a substance in response to an increase in the temperature of it
thermal expansion
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a mininum
absolute zero
the energy transferred between objects that are at a different temperature
heat
the kinetic energy of a substances atoms
thermal energy
the transfer of energy as heat through a material
thermal conduction
a material through which energy can be transferred as heat
thermal conductor
a material that reduces or prevents the transfer of heat
thermal insulator
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a gas or liquid
convection
the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves
radiation
the quantity of heat required to raise a unit mass of homogeneous material 1k or 1C in a specified way given constant pressure and volume
specific heat
a temperature increase in a body of water that is caused by human activity and that has a harmful effect on water quality and on the ability of that body of water to support life
thermal pollution