a naturally occuring usually inorganic solid
mineral
pure substances that cannot be broken down
elements
can be thought of building blocks of matter
atoms
substance made up of two or more molecules
compound
anything that has volume and mass
matter
solid geometric repeating pattern of atoms or molecules
crystal
the color of the powdered form of a mineral
streak
the way a surface reflects light
luster
tendency of a mineral to split on flat surfaces
cleavage
water, wind, ice, and other changes in the temperature breaks down rocks
weathering
sediment is moved from place to place
erosion
sediment goes to rest
deposition
forms when magma cools on earths surface
igneous rock
rock changes from one to another
rock cycle
area where deep cracks form
rift zone