nurse who monitors and coordinates all activities in the OR
Circulator
creation of an artificial joint
Arthroplasty
large screw used for internal fixation of proximal femur
Cannulatedscrew
an artificial regulator for cardiac rate and rhythm
Pacemaker
narrow screw designed to enter and fix cortical bone
Corticalscrew
specially trained to perform surgical procedures
Surgeon
provides intraoperative imaging in a variety of examinations
MRT
special table used for orthopedic procedures
Fracturetable
surgical procedure designed to reduce proximal femoral fractures
Hippinning
device placed within the medullary cavity to reduce a fracture or stabilize a diseased long bone
Intramedullaryrod
device using weights and pulley’s to align or immobilize a limb or bone
traction
surgical procedure replacing the knee with an artificial joint
TKR
sterile state where living pathogens are absent
Asepsis
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms
Sterile
worn on the hands to protect against bodily fluids
Gloves
long rod that is inserted into the femur to repair fractures
Femoralnail
surgical procedure for removal of the gallbladder
Cholecystectomy
rigid endoscope inserted through an incision for viewing inside the abdominal cavity
Laparoscope
X-ray examination of the bile ducts, to locate obstructions
Cholangiography
procedure performed to alleviate pain caused by neural impingement
Laminectomy
artificial device to replace a missing body part
Endoprostheses
procedure to break up kidney stones or calcifications
Lithotripsy
position of c-arm that gives the least exposure to operator
VerticalPA
position of c-arm that gives the most exposure to operator
VerticalAP
area between draped patient and instrument table in OR
Sterilecorridor
person responsible for integrity of sterile field in OR
Scrubnurse
temporary induced loss of sensation or awareness
Anesthesia
separates sterile field from non-sterile environment
Showercurtain
not free from germs or microorganisms
Nonsterile
protective layer worn by surgical team during surgery
Gown
shields against radiation exposure
Leadapron
worn in all areas of OR to contain hair
Caps
surgical fusion of one vertebrae to another
Spinalfusion
surgical procedure to remove bony fragments from spine
Microdiskectomy
replacement of hip with artificial joint
THR
any disease that affects a joint
Arthorpathy
protective covering for shoes in the OR
Shoecovers
used as an artificial body part
Prosthesis
stiffening of a joint by operative means
Arthrodesis
covering for the face to prevent inhalation of dangerous substances
Mask