Consisting of two houses
Bicameral
A charter agreed to by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the King's powers
Magna Carta
A colony that was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, in exchange for a yearly payment
Proprietary Colony
Colonies based on a grant of land by the British crown to a company or a group of settlers
Charter Colonies
An alliance formed in 1643 by the Plymouth, Connecticut, Massachussetts Bay, and New Haven colonies in order to defend themselves from threats posed by Native Americans and by settlers from near by Dutch colonies
New England Confederation
First Plan for uniting the colonies, proposed by Benjamin Franklin
Albany Plan of Union
Law passed by English parliament that required a government tax stamp on paper goods and all legal documents
Stamp Act
A meeting of colonial delegates in Philidelphia to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government
First Continental Congress
A declaration of citizen's rights issued by the Virginia Convention
Virginia Declaration of Rights
The document that created the first central government for the United States. It was replaced by the Constitution in 1789
Articles of Confederation
Formally approved
Ratified
Legislation passed by Congress to establish a plan for settling the North West territory
Northwest Ordinance
Delegates of Constitutional Convention who developed the framework for the government and wrote the Constitution
Framers
The plan for government in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with represenatives determined by state population
Virginia Plan
A proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead or representation by population
New Jersey Plan
An agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention established that a states population would determine representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house
Great Compromise
Group of people who supported the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and a strong national government
Federalist
Group of people who opposed the adoption of the Constitution
Anti-Federalists
The pen name that the framers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay used when writing the Federalist Papers
Publius
The first ten ammendments to the U.S. Constitution concerning basic individual liberties
Bill of Rights