country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives
tolitarian state
rooted in miliarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state; dictators vowed to create new empires
Fascism
warlike act by one country against another without a just cause
aggression
a person or group of people on whom is blamed for others' problems (like in WWII, Jews for Germany)
scapegoat
member of the National Socialist German Worker's Party; under Hitler's command
Nazis
prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of the state
concentration camp
practice of giving in to aggression in order to aviod war
appeasement
agreement signed between Hitler and Stalin in 1939 in which the two dictators agreed not to attack each other
Nazi-Soviet Pack
"lightning war"; swift attacks launched by Germany in WWII during the night
blitzkrieg
WWII military alliance of Italy, Japan, Germany, and 6 other countries
Axis
WWII military alliance of Britain, France, Soviet Union, China, the U.S., and 45 other countries
Allies
Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion (Germans bombed Britain continuously but Britain resisted with fighter pilots and Hitler gave up invasion)
Battle of Britain
a 1942 battle in the Pacific during which American planes sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers (protected Hawaii)
Battle of Midway
code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
Operation Overlord
day of the invasion of Western Europe by Allied forces-June 6, 1944 (Allied forces landed at France, freed Paris; slowly advanced to Germany)
D-Day
German counter-attack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the allied invasion of Germany (Audie Murphy was the hero)
Battle of the Bulge
during WWII, Allied strategy of capturing Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean
island hopping
during WWII, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign
Navajo code-talkers
WWII Japanese pilots trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship
kamikaze
message sent by the Allies in July 1945 callin for the Japanese to surrender
Potsdam Declaration
Nazi war crime trials held in 1945 and 1946
Nuremberg Trials
the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime from 1941 until 1945
Holocaust
a country that can influence events throughout the world
superpower
in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Allies
n World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations
Axis
make ready for action or use
mobilise
a small slender short-haired breed of African origin having brownish fur with a reddish undercoat
Abyssinian
Japan, Germany and Italy
Axis Powers
British-American declaration that stated the countries aims for the outcome of the war.
Atlantic Charter
policies, views, or actions that harm or discriminate against Jews
Anti-Semitism
Royal Air Force
R.A.F
Oahu, Hawaii
Pearl Harbor
Most decorated hero WW2
Audie Murphy
Decoding device used against Germany
Enigma
Meeting of Chamberlain (Great Britain), Daladier (France), and Hitler to divide up Czechoslovakia
Munich conference
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Isolationism
groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety
Convoys
Allies' meeting in Potsdam, Germany, to plan the end of the war
Potsdam Conference
Leaders who ruled their nations by force. Hitler/Mussolini
Dictators
great naval invasion took place in France
Normandy