Counterbalancing influenced by which an organization or system is regulated- ensuring political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals/groups.
Checks and Balances
The restriction of the arbitrary exercise of power by subordinating it to well-defined/established laws.
Rule of Law
A legal document authorizing a police officer or other official to enter/search a premise.
Search Warrant
The act of implicating oneself in a crime or exposing oneself to criminal prosecution.
Self-Incrimination
The clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by congress.
Establishment Clause
A political system where the legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers.
Limited Government
A jury normally of 23 jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
Grand Jury
The action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation.
Slander
Principle that the authority of a state/government is created/sustained by the consent of its people.
Popular Sovereignty
The right to vote in political elections.
Suffrage
Implied by the necessary and proper clause to be delegated for the purpose of carrying out the enumerated powers.
Implied Powers
Powers that are shared by both the State and Federal government.
Concurrent Powers
A published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation/written document.
Libel
Fair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen's entitlement.
Due Process
The prosecution of a person twice for the same offense.
Double Jeopardy
Refers to the section of the First Amendment- 'Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.'
Free Exercise Clause
The federal principle or system of government.
Federalism
Powers assigned to the states and the people. The 10th Amendment of the U.S Constitution covers these.
Reserved Powers
The supremacy clause of the U.S convention establishes that the Constitution covers the subject of the reserved powers.
National Supremacy
Make minor changes in a text in order to make it fairer, more accurate/up-to date.
Amend
A legal document authorizing a police officer or other official to enter/search a premises.
Search Warrant
A preliminary or preparatory statement/information.
Preamble
Powers granted to the government mostly found in Article One, Section 8 of the Constitution.
Expressed Powers
The right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.
Eminent Domain
An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Separation of Powers