Type
Crossword
Description

This person was the first to discover antibiotics Alexander Fleming
What do antibiotics kill Bacteria
A type of fungus mould
What produces goblet cells produce? MUCUS
An enzyme found in tears lysozymes
Produces antibodies lymphocytes
A foriegn organism that enters the body triggering an immune response antigen
How many types of pathogens are there four
These are not cells viruses
White blood cells use these to destroy pathogens enzymes
Protein moleules produced by white blood cells are called Antibodies
Malaria is a type of protist
Acid produced in the stomach as a chemical barrier Hydrochloric
Tiny hairs that help waft mucus cilia

The Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The body's first line of defense against pathogens. Skin
A cell that identifies pathogens and distinguishes different pathogens from each other. TCell
The molecules that the immune system recongnizes as either part of the body or coming from outside the body. Antigens
Lymphocytes that produce proteins that help destroy pathogens. BCell
The proteins produced by B Cells. Antibodies
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause disease. Immunity
The process by which harmless antigens are purposefully introduced to a person's body to produce active immunity. Vaccination
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming cells. Antibiotic
A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance. Allergy
A disorder in which respiratory passages narrow significantly. Asthma
An imbalance or misuse of insulin in the body. Diabetes

Communicable diseases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

disease causing microorganism pathogen
contains enzymes/ chemicals to kill pathogens tears
wet and sticky substance produced by cells that line the nose and lungs - traps germs/ dust/ bacteria mucus
contains acid that kills pathogens stomach
stops some microorganisms entering the ear canal ear wax
stops some microorganisms entering the nasal passages nose hair
tiny hair like structure that sweeps dust/ bacteria out of the throat and lungs cilia
a way of growing bacteria in a lab under sterile (very clean) conditions aseptic technique
when our body knows which antibodies to make against a disease so we are protected from that disease immune
chemical produced by white blood cells that target specific virus/bacteria and kill them antibody
these cancel out the toxins made by the pathogen antitoxin
some white blood cells surround the pathogen and ingest them and destroy them engulfing
outer protective layer prevents pathogens coming into the body skin

The Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

while many medical advances have been made to safeguard against infection by. pathogens
pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses are caused by. infectious diseases
To function properly, this must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens. immune system
These mechanisms include physical barriers such as skin, chemicals in the blood is. innate immune response
a localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful. inflammation
less technical term for leukocyte. white blood cells
a type of cell within the body capable of engulfing. phagocytes
a lymphocyte not processed by the thymus gland. b cells
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting. antibodies
a lymphocyte of a type produced or processed by the thymus. t cells
the immunity that results from the production of antibodies by the immune system. active immunity
These antigens are different from those on the surface of bacteria. a i r

Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living Antigen
A quick and general immune response you're born with IIR
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies AIR
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens Phagocyte
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies Mobilization
A sexually transmitted disease HIV
Swelling and redness at the site of infection Inflammation
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen Histamine
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders Antibodies
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies Recognition
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction Allergen
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease Vaccine
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food Infectious disease
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact direct contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does Anaphylactic shock
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens Disposal
Third and order or level Tertiary
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer White blood cells
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly Killer tcells
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells Helper t cells

immune system Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

lymph follows venous flow
lymph is pulled from plasma
Lymphatic vessels have these to keep lymph going one direction- valves
Intestinal lymphatic tissue peyers patches
where t cells mature thymus
micro-organisms and invaders in the blood are called pathogens
stores blood in the body, and is located in the upper left quadrant of the stomach spleen
largest percent of blood cells in the body erythrocytes
white blood cells leukocytes
secretes antibodies B cells
proteins produced by B cells that destroy antigens antibodies
white blood cells that destroy debris macrophage
makes clots thrombocytes
axillary, inguinal, popliteal, terminus and cisterna, chyli lymph nodes
liquid connective tissue blood
clear watery fluid that surrounds cells lymph
thrombocytes AKA platelets
gland that provides immune support early in life thymus
these remove and filter pathogens and debris from lymphatic fluid nodes
where ALL lymph nodes drain heart
lymphatic massage starts here tonsils
example of specific immunity vaccinations
lymphocytes are formed in red bone marrow
fluid between tissue cells interstitial
where the largest amount of lymph fluid drains thoracic duct
lymphatic massage strengthens the immune system
white blood cells that filter out old red blood cells macrophages
number of superficial lymph node locations three

Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is immunity achieved when the body makes antibodies against antigen? active immunity
Antibodies produced by plasma cells in response to antigenic stimulation? immunoglobulins
This is a group of cells that come from a single cell; genetically identical. clone
It is the ability to resist and overcome injury by pathogens or antigenic substances. immunity
What is a macromolecule that elicits an immune response by lymphocytes? antigen
It is an enlarged monocyte that eats foreign material. macrophages
A short-acting immunity achieved when the person is given antibodies mad by another. passive immunity
group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis compliment proteins
It is antigens that have been altered in order to produce active immunity without causing the disease. vaccine
What are substances that react with a specific antigen? antibodies
What is the eating of pathogens or cellular debris? phagocytes
A foreign substance or antigen that stimulates an allergic reaction? allergen
It is immunity against one’s own tissue. autoimmunity
The body’s response to infection or injury. inflammation
Lymphocytes that engage in antibody-mediated immunity. B Lymphocytes
It is a group of proteins in the blood that are concerned with phagocytosis. complement proteins
They are substances produced by a virus-infected cell. interferons
A type of lymphocyte that engages in cell-mediated immunity. T Lymphocytes

Infection and response Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

1. A group of medicines first discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming Antibiotics
2. A protein produced by a lymphocyte that recognizes a pathogen Antigen
3. A protein made by the body that neutralizes toxins from pathogens antitoxin
4. A medical experiment where neither the doctor or patient know who has the actual medicine Double blind
5. How effective a drug is Efficacy
6. A white blood cell that produces antibodies lymphocytes
7. Antibacterial enzymes found in the tears lysozymes
8. A disease caused by mosquitos Malaria
9. A type of white blood cell that engulfs pathogens phagocytes
10. A medicine that triggers a low level response to a pathogen but then makes a person immune Vaccine

Body Defenses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Twenty plasma proteins that assemble to destroy bacteria. complement
Found in tears. Digests bacteria. lysozyme
It means "free" immune
Ingests bacteriaor viruses and displays the foreign antigens macrophage
______ memory B and T cells are what make us immune to certain diseases. memory
The second line of defense is the _______response. inflammatory
Produces antibodies blymphocyte
Destroy infected cells which display specific foreign antigens tlymphocytes
_____ T-cells destroy cancers and infected cells. cytotoxic
Acid in stomach hydrochloric
Sign of inflammation pain
sign of inflammation swelling
The firt line of defense are skin and _____ membranes mucous
Most abundant white blood cells neutrophils
Oil produced by glands in the skin sebum
Foreign protien particle. antigen
Y-shaped peptides that bind foreign antigens antibodies
Causes dilation of blood vessels histamine
Accumulation of living and dead WBCs and bacteria pus
Released by infected cells. Inhibits viral reproduction interferon
Protein digesting enzyme of the stomach pepsin

Immunology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Causes pathology. (8) Pathogen
Phagocytic cell that presents antigen to Naïve T cells. (9,4) Dendritic cell
Forms in bacterial lipid membrane from polymerised C9 monomers. (3) MAC
Process that improves Ig affinity for antigen (7,13) Somatic hypermutation
Keystone pathogen in periodontitis P. ? (10) Gingivalis
Protein found in granules of CD8 T cells (8) Perforin
Number of antigen binding sites on a polymeric form of IgM (3) Ten
Method used to detect pathogenic component or antibodies in a clinical sample (5) ELISA
Co-receptor on anti-viral T cells (3) CD8
Mediates hypersensitivity type I reactions (3) IgE
Cleaves bonds in peptidoglycan (8) Lysozyme
A filamentus oral pathogen. F. ? (9) Nucleatum
An inactive enzyme precursor. (7) Zymogen
Cell line that produces monoclonal antibody (9) Hybridoma
Essential HIV enzyme that produces cDNA from viral RNA (7,13) Reverse transcriptase
Time it takes for antibodies against HIV to be detectable in an infected individual (14) Seroconversion
The basis of vaccination, the result of an effective adaptive response (6) Memory
Dimeric immunoglobulin that provides mucosal protection (3) IgA
Transports intracellularly derived peptides into ER (3) TAP
Express MHC II (3) APC
Immunoglobulin DNA variability hotspots (3) CDR
Old name for CXCL8 (3) IL8
Binds to micro-organisms enhancing their phagocytosis (7) Opsonin

Chapter 21 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Are caused by organisms or viruses that enter and multiply within the human body Infectious Diseases
An organism that is so small it can only be seen through a microscope Microorganism
A microorganism or virus that causes disease Pathogen
Simple, single-celled microorganisms Bacteria
A poison given off by some bacteria that can injure cells Toxin
The smallest type of pathogen Virus
Organisms such as yeasts, molds, and mushrooms that grow best in warm, dark, moist areas Fungi
A large and complex single-celled organism Protozoan
The protective lining that covers any opening into the body Mucous Membrane
The body's general response to all kinds of injuries Inflammation
A type of white blood cell that engulfs and destroys pathogens Phagocyte
The body's most sophisticated defense against pathogens Immune System
A type of white blood cell that carries out functions of the immune system Lymphocyte
The body's ability to destroy a pathogen that it has previously encountered before the pathogen is able to cause disease Immunity
A type of lymphocyte that helps the immune system destroy pathogens T Cell
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies B Cell
A protein that attaches to the surface of pathogens Antibody
A network of vessels that collect fluid from body tissues Lymphatic System
An injection that causes the body to become immune to a disease Immunization
A substance containing small amounts of dead or modified pathogens Vaccine
A drug that inhibits or kills bacteria Antibiotic
An unusually high occurrence of a disease Epidemic
An infectious disease that has become more common within the last 20 years Emerging Disease