Type
Word Scramble
Description

Cross bracing
Pangea
Mid-atlantic ridge
oceanic crust
continental crust
core
mantle
convecetion cell
benioff zone
intrusive
extrusive
kill zone
constructive
destructive
conservative
converging
diverging
batholith
laccolith
sill
dyke
basic lava
acidic lava
fissures
lava plateau
magma
shield volcano
body waves
primary waves
secondary waves
dome volcano
epicentre
ash/cinder cone
composite cone
caldera
pyroclastic
fumarole
solfatara
geyser
hot spring
boiling mud
focci
hotspot
supervolcano
volcanic winter
richter scale
modified mercalli scale
natural hazard
environmental disaster
ISDR
Active
dormant
extinct
phreatic eruption
vulnerability
capacity
seisometers
radon gas sensors
laser reflectors
remote sensing
tiltmeters
global positioning system
cross bracing
shock absorbers
resilience
shear walls
ocean basin
continental rise
abyssal plain
seamounts
guyots
rift valley
seafloor spreading
trench
hypsographic curve
natural capital
Natural income
provisioning services
regulating services
cultural services
supporting services

Hydrology/Oceanography Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

gulf stream
salinity
deep ocean trench
aquifer
water cycle
surface currents
spring
precipitation
low tide
guyot
continental shelf
abyssal plain
wavelength
transpiration
seamount
permeable
island
evaporation
groundwater
breaker
cave
tide
neap tide
hydrosphere
current
condensation
geyser
wave height
desalination
tidal range
spring tide
runoff
mid ocean ridge
high tide
continental slope
water table

Earthquakes and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the point of Earth's surface directely above an earthquake's focus ? epicenter
device used by seimologists to record primary, secondary, suface waves from earthquakes seismograph
vibrations caused by breaking rocks along faults earthquake
Opening in Earth's surface that often forms a mountain when layers of lava and volcanic ash erupt and build up volcano
An opening on Earth's surface where magma is forced up and flows out as lava Vent
a broad volcano with gently sloping sides Shield volcano
A volcano formed by alternating layers of tephra and lava and that is found mostly where Earth's plates come together Composite volcano
steep-sided volcano made of loosely packed tephra Cinder cone volcano
scientist who studiesearthquakes and seismic waves Seismologist
large opening formed when the top of a volcano collapes Caldera
Measure of the energy released by an earthquake Magnitude
A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth Magma
a very large igneous intrusion extending deep in the earth's crust. batholith
a column of solidified lava or igneous rock formed in a volcanic vent, especially when exposed by erosion. volcanic necks
are imaginable as the veins of a volcano, the pathways of rising magma. Volcanic dikes

Volcanoes Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

largest intrusive igneous rock body that forms when magma being forced upward toward Earth’s crust cools slowly and solidifies underground Batholith
large, circular-shaped opening formed when the top of a volcano collapses Caldera
steep-sided, loosely packed volcano formed when tephra falls to the ground Cinder Cone Volcano
volcano built by alternating explosive and quiet eruptions that produce layers of tephra and lava; found mostly where Earth’s plates come together and one plate sinks below the other Composite volcano
steep-walled depression around a volcano’s vent Crater
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a vertical crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens underground Dike
the result of an unusually hot area at the boundary between Earth’s mantle and core that forms volcanoes when melted rock is forced upward and breaks through the crust Hot spot
broad, gently sloping volcano formed by quiet eruptions of basaltic lava Shield Volcano
igneous rock feature formed when magma is squeezed into a horizontal crack between layers of rock and hardens underground Sill
bits of rock or solidified lava dropped from the air during an explosive volcanic eruption; ranges in size from volcanic ash to volcanic bombs and blocks Tephra
Opening where magma is forced up and flows out onto Earth’s surface as lava, forming a volcano Vent
solid igneous core of a volcano left behind after the softer cone has been eroded Volcanic neck
opening in Earth’s surface that erupts sulfurous gases, ash, and lava; can form at Earth’s plate boundaries, where plates move apart or together, and at hot spots Volcano

Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Type of volcano that is almost entirely made of magma and lava Shield
Small volcanoes made from ash and rocks. Cinder Cone
Explosive eruptions followed by outpourings of lava.(the big ones) Composite
A mountain that forms when magma is forced to the Earth's surface. Volcano
technical name for crust and upper mantle Lithosphere
part of the Earth's Composition that is made of iron and nickel core
the part of the Earth that contains most of Earth's mass Mantle
the two sub-layers of the earth's crust that float causing continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches. Tectonic Plates
hot fluid that is under the Earth's surface Magma
hot molten rock above the Earth's surface lava
the composition of the magma determines its what of the volcano? Explosiveness
a sudden and violent shaking of the Earth as a result of movements within the earth's crust Earthquake
fast flowing clouds of hot ash and volcanic glass rolling down the mountainside Pyroclastic Flows
Volcanic gases can block out the sunlight causing what? Climate Changes
when two oceanic plates pull apart, magma rises and new crust is formed sea floor spreading
earths crust located under the ocean Oceanic
earths crust made of land Continental

crossword puzzle on natural disasters

Type
Crossword
Description

what is an earthquake? plates-rubbing- past- eachother
What causes earthquakes? tension-in-the-earths-crust
what is a volcano? a-cone-shaped-mountain-or-hill
what is a volcano that is flat and wide called a-shield-volcano
what is supervolcano shaped like a-depression
what is an example of a supervolcano Yellowstone.
Where do hurricanes normally form? tropical-seas.
What is the centre of a hurricane called? the-eye
What was the name of the hurricane which devastated New Orleans in 2005? Katrina
what is a tsunami? big-wave-caused-by-earthquake
what is The main effect of a tsunami? flooding

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Ocean Floor Features Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Reefs that have a very close distance to shorelines Barrier reef
Reefs that have a short distance to shorelines Fringing Reef
Sea mounts that are flat Guyots
Reefs that grow around islands Atoll
Volcano's that are formed around a trench Island Arc
Zone of breaking tectonic plates Rift zone
Pointed shaped mountains above the ocean floor Sea mounts
uses sound to navigate and to talk to Sonar
Sonar used to find water depth Echo sounding
islands described by sides and flat floors Rift vally
A long area in the center of the ocean Mid ocean ridges
A steep wall between the continetal shelf Continental slope
A moving undersea slope Continental rise
Huge area on ocean floor Abyssal plain
A deep under water trench Submarine canyon
A long skinny valley on ocean bottom Deep sea trench
Gushers on the seafloor Hydrothermal vents
All the continentals are called Continental margin
The flat steep sunken part of the island Continental shelf
When molten makes new oceanic crust Divergent zones

S1 Earth Forces Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

ash
sea
kobe
fire
lava
core
land
magma
scale
water
solid
crust
outer
inner
death
crater
plates
liquid
mantle
pangea
planet
chamber
melting
islands
richter
natural
degrees
survive
tsunami
volcano
volcanic
ocenanic
tectonic
disaster
mountains
emergency
structure
earthquake
continental
seismometer
destruction

Oceanography crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This boundray moves away from each other Divergent
This boundray moves toward each other Convergent
This boundray moves past each other in different directions Transform
Thin, outer most layer Crust
Layer beneath the crust Mantle
Dense liquid viscous (Dosen't flow easily) outer core
extremly dense, solid inner core
Are formed by the eruption of low-viscosity lava that can flow a great distance from a vent sheild
Forms in subduction zones when a crustal plate is forced into the mantle and begins to melt Composite
a steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments Cinder Cone
Also called the hypocenter of an Earthquake Focus
Earthquake waves start at the focus and travel outward in all directions Epicenter
waves of energy that travel the earth's layers Seismic waves
Defined as a crack or fracture in the earth's crust along which rock on one side has moved relative to rock on the other Fault
mountains that form mainly by the effects of folding layers within the upper part of the earth's crust folds
a process that occurs at mid-ocean ridges, where new oceanic crust is formed through volcanic activity and then gradually moves away from the ridge sea floor spreading
a process that takes place at convergent boundaries by which one tectonic plate moves under another tectonic plate and sinks into the mantle as the plates converge subduction
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption lava

Volcano Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A mixture of molten or semi-molten rock Magma
hot molten or semifluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure, or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Lava
steep conical hill of loose pyroclastic fragments cinder cone
conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash composite
a type of volcano usually built almost entirely of fluid magma flows shield
roughly circular mound-shaped protrusion resulting from the slow extrusion of viscous lava from a volcano lava dome
side vent conduit
a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano crater
a mountain that produces magma, lava, and ash and is formed by cracks in the Earth's surface volcano
a giant, fast moving wave that is caused by an earthquake or volcano tsunami