Type
Crossword
Description

This structure acts as a shock absorber of the spine during walking, running, and jumping. INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
This section of the spine contains the largest vertebrae with its function to bear the weight of the upper body and protect the spinal cord. LUMBAR
Large opening that has spinal cord and spinal nerve pass through. VERTEBRAL FORAMEN
Located in the cervical area and has a knob-like projection superiorly from its body. AXIS
Two flat, bony plates that extend from the transverse processes to the spinous process LAMINA
Cervical vertebrae’s spinous process is short and has a ______ shape at its end FORKED
In thoracic region, the transverse processes have facets that articulate with the _________ of the ribs TUBERCLES
These structures mark the lines of fusion of the sacral vertebrae. TRANSVERSE RIDGES
One special structure that distinguish C2 with other cervical vertebrae DENS
What is professor Nguyen’s most favorite word? EASY
From the lateral view, there are 4 curvatures that give the vertebral column an S shape. What is the one word that describes cervical and lumbar curvatures. CONCAVE
Function of C1 is to participates in flexion and extension of the head on the neck, or help you saying: “____” YES
This joint fuse the sternal body and xiphoid process. XIPHISTERNAL
A structure that articulates with first and second ribs and is shaped like the knot of a necktie. MANUBRIUM
What type of cartilage connects the ribs to the sternum? COSTAL
Anterior longitudinal ligament runs down the anterior surface of the spine and traverses all vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs. This thick ligament prevents ______ of the back HYPEREXTENSION

SKELETAL SYSTEM Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The skull, especially the part enclosing the brain Cranium
The jaw or a jawbone Mandible
Each of the series of small bones forming the backbone, having several projections for articulation and muscle attachment, and a hole through which the spinal cord passes Vertebrae
Each of a series of slender curved bones articulated in pairs to the spine, protecting the thoracic cavity and its organs Clavicle
the thicker and shorter of the two bones in the human forearm Radius
the bone of the upper arm or forelimb, forming joints at the shoulder and the elbow Humerus
the large bony structure near the base of the spine to which the hind limbs or legs are attached in humans and many other vertebrates Pelvis
each of a series of slender curved bones articulated in pairs to the spine (twelve pairs in humans), protecting the thoracic cavity and its organs Rib
either of the large, flat, triangular bones that lie against the ribs in the upper back and provide attachments for the bone and muscles of the upper arm Scapula
the breastbone Sternum
a bone in the human leg extending from the pelvis to the knee, that is the longest, largest, and strongest in the body; thighbone Femur
the thinner and longer of the two bones in the human forearm, on the side opposite to the thumb Ulna
The fibrous plate that supports and shapes the edges of the eyelids. Tarsals
are the eight small bones that make up the wrist (or carpus) that connects the hand to the forearm. Carpals
A bone of the finger or toe Phalanges
kneecap Patella
The outer and usually smaller of the two bones between the knee and the ankle in humans, parallel with the tibia Fibula
The inner and typically larger of the two bones between the knee and the ankle, parallel with the fibula Tibia
The top 7 types of vertebrae that forms the spine and form the neck, which supports the skull, or cranium Cervical vertebrae
The 5 vertebrae situated between the thoracic vertebrae and sacral vertebrae in the spinal column Lumbar vertebrae
Each of the 12 bones of the backbone to which the ribs are attached Thoracic vertebrae
A small, triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in the spinal column, formed of fused vestigial vertebrae Coccyx
Any of the five bones in the hand Metacarpals
Any of the bones of the foot Metatarsals

SPINE WORD SEARCH

Type
Word Search
Description

spinal nerve
neck
back
backbone
bone
bulging disc
cord
degenerative disc
foundation
joints
lumbar
normal disc
spinal
spinal column
spinal cord
support
thinning disc
vertebrae
vertebral column

Skeletal System Bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

bone in the upper arm humerus
what protects the spinal cord spine
what protects the brain skull
what protects your lungs and heart ribs
lower arm radius
other lower arm bone ulna
holds the ribs together sternum
rhymes with Elvis pelvis
in the thigh femur
in the knee patella
right below the knee fibula
lower leg tibula
jaw bone mandible
hard like bone but more flexible cartilage
attaches bones to muscles ligament
the official name of the collarbone clavicle
protects a growth organ in the soulder shoulder blade
in the neck, protects the spinal cord vertebrae

Human Skeleton Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

bony structure that forms the head in most vertebrates. It supports the structures of the face and provides a protective cavity for the brain. skull
the jaw or a jawbone, especially the lower jawbone in mammals and fishes. mandible
technical term for collarbone. clavicle
technical term for shoulder blade. scapula
part of the body of a mammal between the neck and the abdomen, including the cavity enclosed by the ribs, breastbone, and dorsal vertebrae, and containing the chief organs of circulation and respiration; the chest. thorax
the long bone in the upper arm humerus
commonly known as the breastbone, is a long, narrow flat bone that serves as the keystone of the rib cage and stabilizes the thoracic skeleton sternum
also known as the vertebral column or spinal column spine
thinner and longer of the two bones in the human forearm ulna
ither the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs pelvis
thicker and shorter of the two bones in the human forearm. radius
large wedge shaped vertebra at the inferior end of the spine. sacrum
small, triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in humans and some apes, formed of fused vestigial vertebrae. coccyx
group of small bones between the main part of the forelimb and the metacarpus in terrestrial vertebrates. carpus
group of five bones of the hand between the wrist (carpus) and the fingers. metacarpus
another term for phalanx phalange
bone of the thigh or upper hind limb, articulating at the hip and the knee. femur
the kneecap. patella
inner and typically larger of the two bones between the knee and the ankle (or the equivalent joints in other terrestrial vertebrates), parallel with the fibula. tibia
long, thin and lateral bone of the lower leg. fibula

Spinal Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A vertical structure that runs down the back Spine
Small bones that form the spine Vertebrae
Nerves that run inside the spine Spinal=cord
Disks in between each vertebrae Intervertebral=disks
Inner layer of the meninges Pia
Middle layer of the meninges Arachnoid
Outer layer of the meninges Dura=mater
When a disk extends outside of its normal position Bulging=disk
When a bulging disk ruptures Herniated=disk
Most superior region of the spine Cervical=region
Region with the most vertebrae Thoracic=region
Region of the spine that controls the hips, knees, and below Lumbar=region
Controls the feet, bowel, and bladder Sacrum=region
Also known as the tailbone Coccyx
One type of message that the brain sends (hot and cold) Sensory
The other type of message that the brain sends (movement) Motor
Lateral processes of the vertebrae (sticks out) Transverse=process
Medial process of the vertebrae (sticks out) Spinous=process
Between the two types of processes Lamina
What the spinal cord passes through Vertebral=foramen
Process that does not stick out Articular=process
Large portion directly anterior to the vertebral foramen Vertebral=body
Most posterior ligament of the vertebra Super=spinous=ligament
Ligament in the posterior aspect of the vertebral foramen Ligamentum=flavum

Axial Skeleton - Vertebrae, sternum and ribs Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Shape of bones that make up the sternum. (2 words) flat bones
The _______ junction is between the ribs and costal cartilage. Costochrondral
_________ is the first cervical vertebra with distinguished transverse processes. atlas
The number of bones that make up the sternum. eight
______ ribs join directly to the sternum. Sternal
_______: the group of vertebrae that form the neck portion of the spinal column. cervical
The ______ is the middle portion of the sternum. Body
Is the second cervical vertebra with distinguished spinous process. axis
______ ribs join together first before joining the sternum. asternal
The _______ process is the most caudal part of the sternum. xiphoid

Vertebrae/Rib Cage Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Process on vertebra with which the tubercle of the rib articulates. TransverseProcess
Neck vertebrae cervical
Vertebra that articulates with occipital condyles. atlas
Superior and inferior projections of vertebrae which articulate with vertebrae above and below. articulatingprocess
Main part of vertebra body
Structures which attach ribs to sternum. costalcartilage
Vertebral column bone that helps for a pelvic girdle; 5 fused bones. sacrum
Type of vertebra with which ribs articulate. Thoracic
Type of rib with no anterior articulation. floatingribs
Cartilage pads between main parts of successive vertebrae. intervertebraldisc
12 pairs Ribs
Inferior tip of breastbone. xiphoidprocess
Process projecting posteriorly from vertebra. spinousprocess
Type of rib that is not directly connected to the sternum; connected to rib above. falseribs
Breastbone. sternum
Lower back vertebra. lumbar
Vertebral opening through which the spinal cord passes. vertebralforamen
Type of rib that is connected directly to sternum with its own cartilage. trueribs
Tail bone; 4 fused vertebrae. coccyx
Second cervical vertebra. axis

Bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

helps prevent shoulder dislocation; also known as the Collarbone Clavicle
triangular shaped; also known as the Shoulder Blade Scapula
forehead, brows, and superior orbit Frontal
floor & back wall of skull Occipital
only bone not articulated with another bone Hyoid
strongest bone of the face Mandible
connect with temporal bones to form cheekbones Zygomatic
7 vertebrae in neck region Cervical Vertebrae
12 vertebrae in thoracic region Thoracic Vertebrae
5 vertebrae in lower back Lumbar Vertebrae
C1 vertebrae; allows anterior/posterior movement Atlas
C2 vertebrae; allows lateral movement Axis
fusion of 5 vertebrae; inferior to L5 vertebrae Sacrum
fusion of 3-5 small vertebrae; also known as the Tailbone Coccyx
also known as the Breastbone Sternum
7 pairs of ribs that articulate with sternum True Ribs
5 pairs of ribs that articulate indirectly with sternum False Ribs

Spinal Cord Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Complete paralysis of all 4 extremities and trunk is known as Tetraplegia
The spinal cord passes through the __________ foramen magnum
The tail end of the spinal cord is not “hanging loose.” It is actually anchored via the __________, which connects to the coccyx bone. filum terminale
How many plexus groups branch off the spinal cord? four
Which of the following spinal cord regions are NOT involved with a plexus formation? thoracic
What is the name of the structures that hold the spinal cord in position within the vertebral foramen? denticulate ligaments
Which of the following transmits information from the spinal cord to the extremities of the body? ventral roots
What is the main symptom of spinal cord injuries? Paralysis
The neck region of the spine containing the first seven vertebrae cervical
The region of the spine below the sacrum. It is also known as the tailbone coccyx
The junction or articulation of two or more bones that permits varying degrees of motion between the bones. joint
The surgical treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. neurosurgery
A part of the spine that is also part of the pelvis. sacrum
The flexible bone column extending from the base of the skull to the tailbone spine
The bony channel that is formed by the intravertebral foramen of the vertebrae and in which contains the spinal cord and nerve roots. spinal canal
The chest level region of the spine that is located between the cervical and lumbar vertebrae thoracic
One of the 33 bones of the spinal column vertebra
Compression of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots resulting in inflammation, pain and neurological symptoms. spinal stenosis
The medical specialty involved in the preservation and restoration of function of the musculoskeletal system orthopaedics
The lower part of the spine between the thoracic region and the sacrum. The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae. lumbar

Spine Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The superior segment of the spine? Cervical
The most inferior segment of the spine? Coccygeal
Number of vertebrae in the Thoracic spine? Twelve
The bones of the spine Vertebrae
Space in which the spinal cord travels through the spinal column? Vertebral Foramen
Passage for vertebral artery through the cervical vertebrae? Transverse Foramen
The disks jelly like core Nucleus Pulposus
The iliocostalis, longissimus, and spinalis are also known as...? Erector Spinae
The strongest ligament of the spine? Ligamentum Flavum
Name of joint between C1 and C2 Atlantoaxial
Abnormal excessive curvature found in the thoracic spine? Kyphosis
Abnormal excessive curvature found in the lumbar spine? Lordosis
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, which most often occurs during growth spurt or puberty? Scoliosis
1st cervical vertebrae is also known as...? Atlas
2nd cervical vertebrae is also known as...? Axis
Protruding bony prominence found on 2nd cervical vertebrae? Odontoid Process
Injury which occurs when an athlete's neck and shoulder are stretched? Stinger
Injury most commonly occurring at L4, L5, and S1 Intervertebral Disc Herniation
Initial segment of a nerve leaving the central nervous system? Nerve Root
Nerve root leaving the brainstem? Cranial
Nerve root leaving the spinal cord? Spinal
A nerve which conveys impulses from the periphery to the CNS? Afferent
A nerve which conveys impulses from the CNS to the periphery? Efferent
Area of skin that a single spinal nerve innervates Dermatome