Type
Crossword
Description

Pathways connecting different cortex areas to each other. White Matter Tracts
Contains nuclei for autonomic functions ie respiration, bladder control, swallowing. Relays info to the cerebellum. Pons
Uppermost portion of brain stem, contains the Substantia Nigra. Midbrain
Connects brain stem and spinal cord and contains nuclei controlling heart rate and respiration. Medulla
Controls other endocrine glands and secretes hormones for sexual development, bone and muscle growth, stress response. Pituitary Gland
Pocket at skull base containing the pituitary gland. Sella Turcica
Secretes melatonin to help regulate body clock and circadian rhythms. Pineal Gland
Relays information coming in and out of the cortex. Thalamus
Nuclei including caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. Basal Ganglia
Includes amygdala, hypothalamus, cingulate gyri and hippocampus. Limbic System

Major parts of the brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain in mammals. It is composed of the frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. cerebrum
This lobe lies between the occipital bone and the parieto-occipital sulcus. It functions to receive and interpret visual signals. Occipital lobe
These are the shallow groves in the surface of the cerebrum. Sulci
This lobe lies between the temporal bone and the lateral sulcus. It functions in memory, vison, learning, hearing, and emotional behavior. temporal lobe
These structures lie between the frontal bones and the central sulcus, and above the eye orbits. They have motor functions, but also deal with aggression, mood, foresight, motivation, and social judgements. frontal lobes
The spinal or nerve cord is located in the vertebral foramen. It begins at the foramen magnum and ends at the conus medullaris in the lumbar region. It conducts sensory impulses to the brain and motor impulses from the brain to the body spinal cord
These structures lie between the parietal bones and the central sulcus. They function in integration of sensory information with the exception of vision, hearing, and smell. parietal lobes
These are the thick folds in the surface of the cerebrum. gyri
The second largest part of the brain in mammals and the largest part of the brain in birds. The cerebellum is involved in the regulation of posture and balance, fine motor control of skeletal muscles, and repetitive movements. cerebellum
This fissure is a deep groove separating the cerebrum into right and left halves. Longitudinal fissure
An endocrine gland directly attached to the hypothalamus. It is divided into anterior and posterior portions. Anterior pituitary produce hormones which regulate other endocrine glands, and directly affects target cells. Posterior pituitary functions to store and release hormones produced by the hypothalamus. pituitary gland
The longitudinal fissure divides the cerebrum into right and left cerebral hemispheres. Cerebral hemisphere
The region that regulates the day/night cycle. Secretes the hormone motion melatonin, which effects sleepiness. pineal body
The structure that is the major integration system between various organ systems and the nervous system. It coordinates activities of both the nervous and endocrine systems, and between voluntary and autonomic activities. It is attached directly to the pituitary gland. hypothalamus
The part of the brain that contains the nerve tracts and physically joins the two cerebral hemispheres. Corpus callosum
This structure functions to integrate all sensory information (with the exception of smell) from the body, and channels it into proper processing regions in the cerebrum. thalamus
A structure that processes olfactory information and contains centers for reflex movements involved in eating, such as chewing, licking, and swallowing. mammillary body
The medulla is at the base of the brain stem. It contains nerve centers for the regulation of heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting coughing, sneezing, and hiccoughing. Medulla oblongata
A region that is also called the “mesencephalon”. It is located above the pons and is the smallest part of the brain stem. The oculomotor, trochlear, and trigeminal cranial nerves originate in this area. midbrain
A structure that is located on the bottom-center of the brain where the two optic nerve cross. Optic chiasma
The pons is located just above the medulla, on the brain stem. It works with the medulla to control respiration and helps regulate sleep. It is the origin for the trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear cranial nerves pons
These bulbs are located just below the frontal lobes. They function in the sense of smell. Olfactory bulbs

Neuroanatomy Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The PNS that controls voluntary movement somatic nervous system
Group of axons that connects the two brain hemispheres Corpus Callosum
Medial most structure of the brain Pineal Gland
Rostral most portion of the brain, directly dorsal to the eye sockets. Orbitofrontal cortex
Portion of the thalamus that project information to the primary visual cortex Lateral geniculate nucleus
Cross section for optic nerves in the brain optic chiasm
Structure that signals the initiation of neurulation notochord
Fiber bundle that carries information from the hippocampus Fornix
A coronal plane that splits the frontal and parietal lobes Central sulcus
Structure connecting the third and fourth ventricles Cerebral aquaduct
Name for the fibers that convey sensory neurons to the brain Afferent fibers
Relays sensory info to proper portion of the brain Thalamus
Visual field attention area Posterior parietal cortex
Motor related structure located on ventral side of the brainstem pons
Layers that protect the brain and spinal cord meninges
Group of structures connecting the cerebellum to the midbrain cerebellar peduncles
Section of brainstem involved in processing auditory information inferior colliculus
Crossover area for upper motor neurons medulla
Positive regulator of the hypothalamus Amygdala
Learning and memory center Hippocampus
Structure derived from mesoderm that creates bones and muscles. Somite
Directly caudal from central sulcus Primary somatosensory cortex
GABA filled structure that is stimulated by the Primary motor cortex Substantia nigra
Structures connected to the fornix Mammillary bodies
Fiber bundle connecting the amygdala to the hypothalamus Stria terminalis
Connective structure were portal system begins Infundibulum
Term for "crossover" Decussation
Portion of the brain that contains tons of nerve fibers, discovered by White matter
Structure that controls speech Brocas area

The Human Brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the thin layer of the brain that covers the outer portion (1.5mm to 5mm) of the cerebrum. Cerebral Cortex
A thick band of nerve fibers that divides the cerebral cortex lobes into left and right hemispheres. Corpus Callosum
The cerebellum receives information from the sensory systems, the spinal cord, and other parts of the brain and then regulates motor movements. Cerebellum
Are the two largest cavities of the ventricular system of the human brain and contain cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Lateral Ventricle
The medulla oblongata or simply medulla is a long stem-like structure which makes up part of the brainstem. Medulla Oblongata
The part of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the thalamus. Pons
Midbrain, also called mesencephalon, region of the developing vertebrate brain that is composed of the tectum and tegmentum. Midbrain
a small structure within the brain located just above the brain stem between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain and has extensive nerve connections to both. Thalamus
a small region of the brain. It's located at the base of the brain, near the pituitary gland. Hypothalamus
(Latin, corpus amygdaloideum) is an almond-shape set of neurons located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe. Amygdala
a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. Hippocampus
The pituitary gland is a small pea-sized gland that plays a major role in regulating vital body functions and general wellbeing. Pituitary Gland
structure located in the forebrain of vertebrates that receives neural input about odours detected by cells in the nasal cavity. Olfactory Bulb
a bilateral bundle of afferent nerve fibers from the mitral and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb that connects to several target regions in the brain Olfactory tract
part of the brain where the optic nerves (CN II) partially cross. Optic chiasma
located near the center of the brain, sitting astride the thalamus. Caudate Nucleus
The cortex dominates the exterior surface of the brain Exterior Brain
the part of the brain that controls important cognitive skills in humans, such as emotional expression, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and sexual behaviors. Frontal Lobe
involved in the expressive aspects of spoken and written language (production of sentences constrained by the rules of grammar and syntax). Broca’s Area
region of the cerebral cortex involved in the planning, control, and execution of voluntary movements. Motor Cortex
one of the four main lobes or regions of the cerebral cortex. Parietal lobe
is defined as all cortical areas linked with sensory functions(1). Sensory Cortex
The temporal lobe is the region where sound is processed and, not surprisingly, it is also a region where auditory language and speech comprehension systems are located. Temporal Lobe
the region of the brain that is important for language development. Wernicke’s Area
located in the lateral part of Crus IIb. The size of the auditory area was approx. Auditory Receptive Area
one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals. Occipital Lobe

Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Anterior pituitary gland Adenohypophysis
Endocrine gland that consists of an outer cortex and inner medulla Adrenal gland
Classification of hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla; includes epinephrine and norepinephrine Cataecholamine
Ductless glands that secrete hormones, usually into the blood for transport throughout the body Endocrine glands
Substance secreted by an endocrine gland into the blood Hormone
The posterior pituitary gland; secretes oxytocin and antidurectic hormone neurohypophysis
Organ that has both endocrine and exocrine functions Pancreas
Gland that secretes parathyroid hormone and helps regulate calcium and phosphate Parathyroid gland
Small gland located in the brain; secretes melatonin and is invovled in regulating biorhythms Pineal gland
Lipid- soluable hormone such as estrogen, testosterine, and cortisol Steroid
Lymphoid organ located in the mediastinum; plays an important role in immunity Thymus gland
Gland that secretes T3, T4, and calcitonin Thyroid gland
Secretes glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens; hormonal secretion is controlled by ACTH Adrenal cortex

Deep Brain Structures Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Amygdala
Basal Ganglia
Brain Stem
Caudate
Cingulate
Corpus Callosum
Globus Pallidus
Hippocampus
Hypothalamus
Limbic System
Medulla
Midbrain
Pineal Gland
Pituitary Gland
Pons
Putamen
Sella Turcica
Substantia Nigra
Subthalamic Nucleus
Thalamus
White Matter Tracts

Endocrine System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

holds the eggs in women ovaries
understands body's biological time pineal
stimulates development to help prevent disease and only active until puberty thymus
known as master gland and sends signals to organs and other glands pituitary
holds the sperm in men testes
organ that regulates blood sugar pancreas
helps regulate metabolism, brain development, muscle control, calcium and more thyroid
causes bones to release calcium into the blood stream parathyroid
an organ that secretes chemical substances for use in the body gland
a substance to regulate blood sugar insulin
outer portion of a gland tht produces steroid hormones adrenal cortex
inner portion of a gland that synthesizes, stores and releases specific hormones adrenal medulla
These systems maintain conditions so homeostasis can happen and can be negative or positive feedbacksystem

Parts of the Brain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. It performs higher functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement. Cerebrum
This is located under the cerebrum. Its function is to coordinate muscle movements, maintain posture, and balance. Cerebellum
This acts as a relay center connecting the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord. It performs many automatic functions such as breathing, heart rate, body temperature, wake and sleep cycles, digestion, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing. Brainstem
The __________ hemisphere controls speech, comprehension, arithmetic, and writing left
The __________ hemisphere controls creativity, spatial ability, artistic, and musical skills. right
This bundle of fibers joins the left and right hemispheres of the brain and transmits messages from one side to the other. It is called the corpus ________________ callosum
This lobe controls personality, behavior, emotions Judgment, planning, problem solving, speaking and writing, body movement, Intelligence, concentration, and self awareness. The _____________ Lobe Frontal
This lobe interprets language, words, sense of touch, pain, temperature, interprets signals from vision, hearing, motor, sensory and memory, spatial and visual perception. The _________________ Lobe Parietal
This lobe Interprets vision such as color, light, and movement. The ____________ Lobe Occipital
This lobe controls understanding language, memory, hearing, sequencing, and organization. The ___________ Lobe Temporal
The surface of the cerebrum is called the ____________. It has a folded appearance with hills and valleys and contains 16 billion neurons that are arranged in specific layers. cortex
The nerve cell bodies color the cortex grey-brown giving it its name – __________ matter Grey
Beneath the cortex are long nerve fibers (axons) that connect brain areas to each other — called _________ matter. White
This is located in the floor of the third ventricle and is the master control of the autonomic system. It plays a role in controlling behaviors such as hunger, thirst, sleep, and sexual response. It also regulates body temperature, blood pressure, emotions, and secretion of hormones. Hypothalamus
The ____________ gland lies in a small pocket of bone at the skull base called the sella turcica. The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus of the brain by the pituitary stalk. Known as the “master gland,” it controls other endocrine glands in the body. It secretes hormones that control sexual development, promote bone and muscle growth, and respond to stress. Pituitary
The _________ gland is located behind the third ventricle. It helps regulate the body’s internal clock and circadian rhythms by secreting melatonin. It has some role in sexual development. Pineal
This serves as a relay station for almost all information that comes and goes to the cortex. It plays a role in pain sensation, attention, alertness and memory. Thalamus
The Basal __________ includes the caudate, putamen and globus pallidus. These nuclei work with the cerebellum to coordinate fine motions, such as fingertip movements. ganglia
The _________ system is the center of our emotions, learning, and memory. Included in this system are the cingulate gyri, hypothalamus, amygdala (emotional reactions) and hippocampus (memory). Limbic
Part of the limbic system, this is an almond-shape set of neurons located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe and has been shown to play a key role in the processing of emotions. Amygdala
This is a brain structure embedded deep in the temporal lobe of each cerebral cortex. It is an important part of the limbic system, a cortical region that regulates motivation, emotion, learning, and memory. Hippocampus
The _____________ cord is a long, thin, tubular structure made up of nervous tissue, which extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. spinal

Biological Bases of Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A neural center located in the limbic system; helps process for storage memories of facts and events. Hippocampus
Small structure helps keep the body's internal environent in a steady state. Controls the pituitary gland. Hypothalamus
Neural system located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives. The Limbic System
Two lima bean sized neural clusters; linked to emtion Amygdala
The little brain at the rear of the brainstem; functions include processing sensory input, coordinating movement output and balance, and enabling nonverbal learning and memory. Cerebellum
A nerve network that travels through the brainstem into the thalamus and palys a role in controlling arousal. Reticular Formation
The brain's sensory control center located on the top of the brainstem; directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla Thalamus
The oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull. Brainstem
Base of the brainstem; controls heatbeat is responsible for automatic survival Medulla
Amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity sweeping across the brain's surface. EEG
Brian imaging technique that measures magnetic field's from the brain's natural electrical activity. MEG
A visual display of brain activity that detects radioactive form of glucose goes while the brain performs a given task. PET
Tissue destruction. Naturally of experimentally cause destruction of brain tissue Lesion

The Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Cells that transmit impulses Neurons
Short branch extensions that carry impulses towards the cell body Dendrites
Long fiber that carries impulses away from cell body Axon
Contained in sacs in axon terminals; released to cause stimulus in the next cell; chemicals Neurotransmitters
Relays messages, processes information, and analyzes information. Central nervous system
Connects brain to the spinal cord; Controls involuntary actions. Brain Stem
Controls reflexes; Carries signals from brain to the body Spinal cord
Second largest part of the brain; Located at the back of the skull; Coordinates balance and movement. Cerebellum
Largest part of the brain; Responsible for voluntary and educated actions; Located in 2 different lobes. Cerebrum
Fatty insulated sheath that surrounds all but the smallest nerve fibers. Myelin sheath
a bundle of fibers running to organs and tissues in the body. nerve

Endocrine + Nervous System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A set of glands that produces hormones Endocrine System
Located at the top of each kidney (fight or flight glands) Adrenal glands
Butterfly shaped, located in the neck (impacts metabolism) Thyroid
Gland that controls other glands (known as the master gland) Pituitary
Responsible for the development of female characteristics Estrogen
Male sex hormone, responsible for male development Testosterone
Hormone secreted by the adrenal glands Adrenaline
Chemical messengers that circulate throughout the body in the blood Hormones
Produces gametes for reproduction and secretion of sex hormones Gonads
The body's master control unit Central nervous system
The body's link to the outside world Peripheral Nervous system
A column of nerves between the brain and peripheral nervous system Spinal cord
Connects the brain to the spinal cord Brain stem
Regulates involuntary processes The autonomic nervous system
Carries sensory info. from sensory organs to the CNS The somatic nervous system
Prepares the body for action and stress Sympathetic nervous system
Calms the body and helps the body to conserve energy Parasympathetic