Type
Crossword
Description

What happens when 2 tectonic plates collide earthquakes
Where was the earthquake that happened in April, 2015 Nepal
What type of earthquake was it collision margin
On which mountain was an avalanche triggered Mount Everest
Where was the epicenter of the earthquake Lamjung
In the 2015 Nepal earthquake, several temples were ...... Demolished
Earthquakes are caused by the friction of plates as they move over the ...... mantle
plate movement can cause ... volcanic eruptions
What is the mantle made of magma
Oceanic plates sink beneath the continental plate and it ... melts
What margin creates mountains collision
At which margin are there no volcanoes conservative
What tectonic plate is the UK on Eurasian
What do countries usually require after an earthquake international assistance

Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

hypothesis that states the continents once formed a single landmass continentaldrift
scientist that proposed continental drift Wegener
long, undersea mountain chain with steep valley at it's center midoceanridge
the process which new oceanic lithosphere forms as magma rises to Earth’s surface and solidifies seafloorspreading
study of alignment of magnetic mineral in rock, as it relates to the reversal of Earth’s magnetic poles Paleomagnetism
theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere move and change shape platetectonics
solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle lithosphere
solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere asthenosphere
he boundary between tectonic plates that are moving away from each other divergentboundary
the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding convergentboundary
he boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other transformboundary
the process by which Earth’s crust breaks apart rifting
piece of lithosphere that has a unique geologic history and that may be part of a larger piece of lithosphere terrane
supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up beginning 250 million years ago Pangaea
single, large ocean that covered Earth’s surface during the time of Pangaea Panthalassa
movement or trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move earthquake
the sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape elasticrebound
the location where the first motion of an earthquake occurs focus
point on Earth’s surface directly above an Earthquake’s starting point or focus epicenter
a region of numerous, closely spaced faults faultzone
tracing of earthquake motion that is recorded by a seismograph Seismogram
an instrument that records vibrations in the ground Seismograph
measure of the strength of an earthquake magnitude
in Earth science the amount of damage caused by an earthquake intensity
a giant ocean wave that forms after a volcanic eruption tsunami
liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface magma
any activity that includes the movement of magma toward or onto Earth’s surface volcanism
magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies lava

Convergent Boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Earth's highest mountain, located in Nepal. Mount Everest
Higher and steeper than a hill. Mountain
Most common type of mountain. Fold mountains
When two tectonics plate meet, but do not collide. fault line
_________________ mountains are formed when magma erupts and piles on the surface. Volcanic
The top of a mountain. Summit
The side of the mountain. slope
A very steep valley between young mountains. Gorge
Long chains or groups of mountains. Mountain Ranges
The boundaries where tectonic plates move toward each other. Convergent boundaries

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Massive rock made of Earth's lithosphere that move float and drift. Tectonic Plates
A cone shaped mountain which lava and ash flow during eruption. Volcano
A super continent that existed 300 million years ago. Pangea
A sudden shake of the ground caused by the shifting of tectonic plates. Earthquake
A massive wave caused by an earthquake. Tsunami
The outer layer of the Earth. Crust
In-between the Earth's crust and core. Mantle
Fluid layer that is above Earth's inner core and below the mantle. Outer Core
Inner most part of the Earth believed to be a solid ball. Inner Core
Where two tectonic plates collide against each other. Convergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates move apart from each other. Divergent Boundary
When two tectonic plates slip or slide past each other. Transform Boundary
Hot fluid below Earth’s crust where lava is formed. Magma
The hot fast-moving lava that hardens to form smooth, ropelike coils. Pahoehoe Lava
The slow moving-moving lava that hardens to form rough chunks. Aa Lava
Rigid outer part of the Earth, which is the crust and upper mantle. Lithosphere
A weak spot in the crust where magma has come to the surface. Volcanic Neck
A vibration that travels through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The point on Earth’s crust directly above an earthquake’s focus. Epicenter
A device that records ground movement caused by seismic waves as they move through the Earth. Seismograph

Earthquakes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. Earthquake
The point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. Epicenter
The severity of earthquake shaking is assessed using a descriptive scale – the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale. Intensity
An area on the margins of tectonic plates where seismic, volcanic, and tectonic activity takes place as a consequence of the relative motion of the plates. Plate Boundary
The point in the earth where the earthquake rupture or fault movement actually occurred. Focus
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. Seismograph
A sudden movement of the ground that releases elastic energy stored in rocks and generates seismic waves. Ground Movement
a twelve-point scale for expressing the local intensity of an earthquake, ranging from I (virtually imperceptible) to XII (total destruction). Mercalli Scale
A thin zone of crushed rock separating blocks of the earth's crust. Fault
A magnitude number to quantify the energy released by an earthquake. Richter Scale
The great size or extent of something. (size) Magnitude
A nonlinear scale used when there is a large range of quantities. Logarithmic Scale

Plate Techtonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who proposed the idea of plate tectonics? Henry Hess
What type of plate boundary collides with the other to create mountains? Convergent
Who proposed the theory of continental drift? Alfred Wegener
What type of plate boundary slides past the other to create fault lines? Transform
What type of plate boundary pulls away from the other to form rift valleys? Divergent
What islands were formed over a hotspot? Hawaiian Islands
Magma that has reached the surface Lava
Hot, molten rock from deep within the earth Magma
When two plates collide and the more dense one sinks under the earths surface Subduction
When magma oozes from mid ocean ridges, creating new crust that gradually moves away from the ridge and makes one ocean bigger and the other smaller Seafloor spreading
Cool, rigid outermost layer of the earth. Consists of the upper most part of the mantle and the crust Lithosphere
Solid layer with plasticity in the upper mantle just below the lithosphere Asthenosphere
Heated, less dense air or liquid rises and cooler, more dense air or liquid sinks Convection Current
Theory that continents were once one big land mass and over time they drifted apart Continental Drift
Materialized remains of organisms that show how long an animal lived and the structure of their body Fossil
Theory that the lithosphere is divided into tectonic plates that float around on the asthenosphere Plate Tectonics
What mountain range formed from the collision of the India and Eurasia plate? Himalayas
What mountain formed along the coast of South Africa as a result of plate subduction after a collision Andes Mountains
What islands were formed from the collision of two oceanic plates? Aleutian Islands
Area in the mantle from which magma rises from a narrow plume to form volcanic mountains Hotspot

Plate Tectonics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The result of magma rising to Earth's surface and solidifying SeaFloor Spreading
The theory of how large pieces of lithosphere move and change Plate Tectonics
What occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions Shear Stress
The bending, tilting and breaking of Earth's crust Deformation
Molten rock produced under the Earth's surface Magma
A volcanically active area of Earth's surface Hotspot
The opening in which volcanic material passes vent
Magma that flows onto Earth's surface Lava
The boundary between colliding tectonic plates convergent boundary
The boundary between tectonic plates moving away from one another divergent boundary
The location where an earthquake occurs focus
Supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago Pangaea
A block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and outermost part of mantle Tectonic plate
The movement of matter due to differences in density convection
The bending of rock layers due to stress folding
The break in a body of rock Fault
Stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object Tension
The movement or trembling of the ground that's caused by sudden release of energy earthquake
The point directly above an earthquake's starting point epicenter
A vent in Earth's surface where magma and gas are expelled volcano

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What describes large scale movements of the Earth's lithosphere? Plate Tectonics
The lithosphere is divided into... Tectonic Plates
Two plates collide they make... Convergent Boundaries
When two plates move away from each other this is called... Divergent Boundaries
A boundary at which two plates move past each other horizontally is called a... Transform Boundary
What is the outermost rigid layer of Earth? Lithosphere
What is a layer of weak or soft mantle that is made of rock? Asthenosphere
What is the strong lower part of the Earth's mantle? Mesosphere
What explains the age and magnetic patterns of sea floor rocks? Sea-Floor Spreading
What is the outermost layer of Earth? Core
What is the movement of matter that results from differences in density? Convection
What is located between the core and the crust? Mantle
What extends from below the mantle to the center of Earth? Core
What element makes up most of Earth's core? Iron
What is the liquid layer of Earth's core? Outer core
What is dense and is in the center of Earth and extends from the bottom of the outer core to the center of Earth? Inner core
What are the huge trenches on Earth's seafloor? Ocean Trenches
What pushes the rest of a plate away from the mid-ocean ridge? Ridge Push
What is the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for b the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for by its subduction? Slab Pull
What is the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid silicate mantle caused by convection currents carrying heat from the interior of the Earth to the surface? Mantle Convection

Plate Tectonics Vocabulary Worksheet

Type
Matching Worksheet
Description

a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. Ring of Fire:
His hypothesis was that the continents had once formed a single landmass, called Pangaea, before breaking apart and drifting to their present locations. Alfred Wegener:
Founder of modern day geology. He explained the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. James Hutton:
The rocky opening at the top of the volcano that the magma flows from. Vent:
An underground pool that holds magma under the volcano. Magma Chamber:
Used to measure the energy an earthquake releases. Uses the numbers 1- 9. More commonly used. Richter Scale:
An instrument that records earthquake waves. Has two main parts: paper-covered rotating drum and a pen. The more bigger, jagged the line, the more stronger the earthquake Seismograph:
The point underground where the movement of the earthquake first takes place. Focus:
Point on the surface that is above the focus of the earthquake. It is the center point. The closer you are to the epicenter the more damage and thus farther away the less damage. Epicenter:
A break in the crust along which rock moves. Fault:
are a type of mountain that formed when the plates moved together but one plate was pushed down below the other plate. Volcanoes:
Formed by the moving of the Earth’s plates into each other and the plates wrinkle upward to form mountains. This is similar to cars crashing head-on into each other in slow motion. Mountain Building is a slow change in the Earth’s surface. Mountain:
Ocean floor where plates have diverged. Seafloor Spreading:
Locations where two plates slide past one another causing earthquakes. Transform Boundary:
Locations where plates are moving away from one another; occurs above rising convection currents and causes rifts, volcanoes and mid-ocean ridges Divergent Boundary:
Locations where lithospheric plates are moving towards one another; can produce earthquakes, volcanic activity and mountain building Convergent Boundary:
Theory that describes and explains the way that the continents separated into today’s land masses from one large ancestral land mass (Pangea) and how they are continuing to move today. Plate Tectonics:
Major geological event that occurs when continental plates of equal density converge. Mountain Building:
Major geological events that occur when plates shift suddenly and release stored energy; a frequent occurrence at transform boundaries. Earthquakes:
Occurs when one plate is denser than another and is forced below as the two plates converge at their boundary. Subduction:
Major geological events that occur when a dense plate subducts below a less dense plate as they converge. Volcanic Eruptions:
Huge pieces of lithosphere that slowly move on the asthenosphere and consist of the crust and the rigid, uppermost part of the mantle. Tectonic Plates:

tectonic plate boundaries Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

this scientist had the theory of the continental drift alfred
two plates slide against each other in a sideways motion transform
a line on a rock surface or the ground that traces a geological fault faultline
changed by extreme heat and pressure to form another rock metamorphic
places where the sea floor spreading takes place midoceanridge
a tall mountain that with a lot of pressure shoots out hot lava volcano
formed by deposition and solidification pf sediments sedimentary
a violent shaking of the ground caused by tectonic plates earthquakes
piece of the crust that floats on the mantle tectonic
hot fluid or semi fluid material within the earth's crust magma
two plates are moving away from one another divergent
formed by cooling and solidification of magma or lava igneous
made of iron, with small amount of nickle core
technical name for the crust and mantle lithosphere
remains of a prehistoric organism preserved in a mold form in a rock fossils
two plates move toward one another and collide convergent
contains most of earths mass (hints: its hot) mantle
hot molten or semi fluid rock erupted from volcano lava
a long high sea wave caused by earth quakes tsunami
outermost later of the planet, with life crust

Natural Disasters Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A cold storm normally in the coldest parts in the world Blizzard
A storm that normally happens in the desert Sandstorm
A disaster that shakes the Earth Earthquake
A huge wave caused by an ocean-floor earthquake Tsunami
A whirling storm caused by the wind Cyclone
A storm in shape of a spiral that is similar to a cyclone Hurricane
A fire that gets out of control and hurts anything it touches Wildfire
A storm that takes you and spins you around Tornado
When a volcano erupts Volcanic eruption
When snow falls off a cliff in multiple turns Avalanche
When there is heavy rainfall and it gets out of control Flood
A fire that happens in nature areas Bushfire
When there has not been any rain for a long time Drought
When the land starts to sink into the ground Landslide
A storm simillar to a blizzard but more snow is involved Snowstorm