Type
Crossword
Description

providing reasons to support an assertion or claim argument
an internal struggle with competing personal goals interpersonal conflict
issues that have potential for conflict that the parties do not yet perceive to be a problem latent conflict
in negotiation, a party's desired means of how an event should happen or a negotiation should proceed process goals
a state where one thing or person requires another thing or person to meet goals interdependence
the literal dictionary definition of a word denotative meaning
a critical moment during an interaction when one choice of how to respond will set the tone for future interaction and possible change the direction of a relationship choice point
goals regarding the expression of self-worth, pride, or self-respect face goals
an individualized reaction to a word derived from one's personal association or experience with it connotative meaning
"the characteristic processes and effects elicited by a given type of social relationship also tend to elicit that type of social relationship, and a typical effect tends to induce the other typical effects of that relationship" deutschs crude law
in attribution theory, where one ascribes motivations for another's behavior to a personality or character trait when it actually results from a situational influence, or vice versa attribution error
conflict that moves toward positive outcomes constructive conflict
conflict that moves toward destructive outcomes destructive conflict
the idea that people make life choices based on a cost-benefit analysis of what better meets personal goals exchange theory
theory developed by Lewin and others that suggests there are types of forces that drive conflict and forces that restrain conflict field theory
communication represented by early theorists Shannon and Weaver as if communication were like a machine with discrete parts that functioned in preset sequences mechanical process
a theory that holds one's personality and behavior are influenced by biological development rather than social development nature
a theory that holds one's personality and behavior are influenced by social development as opposed to biological development nurture
a state where one person will achieve a personal goal when the other person achieves a personal goal positive interdependence
Freud's psychological theory that behavior is motivated by both the conscious and subconscious mind where the id, ego, and superego are all vying for control psychodynamic theory
a tendency to defend one's position from a competitive stance argumentativeness
a style or tactic in response to conflict not to engage directly in conflict avoidance
associated with cooperative and competitive tactics, and can be determined by the extent individuals feel valued by others communication climates
when individuals feel threatened and react to others negatively defensive climates
situations where an individual's goals are somewhat cooperative and somewhat competitive mixed-motive situation

sociology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the scientific study of social structure; patterned social behavior sociology
the patterned interaction of people in social relationships social-structure
the belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation positivism
the study of social stability and order social-statistics
person who owns or controls the means for producing wealth capitalist
class owning the means for producing wealth bourgeoisie
working class; those who labor for the bourgeoisie proletariat
the ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie(owners) and the proletariat(working class) class conflict
social interdependence based on a high degree of specialization of rules organic solidarity
approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society functionalism
the ability to control the behavior of others power
negative consequences of an aspect of society dysfunction
unintended and unrecognized consequences of an aspect of society latent- functions
approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society conflict perspective
behavior that matches group expectations conformity

Theories of Growth and Development Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Piaget's second cognitive concept that can be described as the ability to absorb new information into the existing schema. ASSIMILATION
______ is characterized by the acquisition of skills involving feeding, mobility, dressing, and control of elimination. AUTONMY
The _______ level refers to all those experiences that are within one's immediate awareness. CONSCIOUS
______ is a mental mechanism that converts unconscious feelings and anxiety into a physical symptom that has no organic basis for the complaint. CONVERSION
______ refers to the progressive acquisition of skills and the capacity to function. DEVELOPMENT
_____ refers to an increase in physical size. GROWTH
Believed that the child progressively develops moral reasoning as he or she gains the ability to think logically. KOHLBERG
The driving force behind most human behavior. LIBIDO
Described human behavior as being motivated by needs that are ordered in a hierarchy. MASLOW
______ consists of the behavior patterns that distinguish one person from another. PERSONALITY
Freud's stage of psychosexual development when children begin to associate both pleasure and conflicting feelings with their genital organs. PHALLIC
______ describes growth and development that progresses from the center of the body towards the extremities. PROXIMODISTAL
The achievement of one's full potential. SELFACTUALIZATION
______ occurs when a person is unconcerned with the welfare of others and is preoccupied with himself or herself. STAGNATION
The _______ level of awareness stores memories, thoughts, and feelings. SUBCONSCIOUS
The _____ is a further development of the ego. It judges, controls, and punishes. SUPEREGO
Defense mechanism in which the individual acts in a manner that symbolically cancels a previous unacceptable thought or action. UNDOING

Industrial Revolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the totality of the changes in economic and social organization that began about 1760 in England and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments Industrial Revolution
a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory Stock
a tract of land surrounded by a fence enclosure
an association of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members corporation
Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield croprotation
Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations adamsmith
the large-scale introduction of manufacturing, advanced technical enterprises, and other productive economic activity into an area, society, country, etc industrialization
an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, especially as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth capitalism
a building or group of buildings with facilities for the manufacture of goods factory
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole socialism
Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist karlmarx
a person who organizes and manages any enterprise, especially a business, usually with considerable initiative and risk entrepreneur
a group of states or nations united into one political body union
to deal a blow or stroke to (a person or thing), as with the fist, a weapon, or a hammer; hit strike
of, relating to, or characteristic of the middle class; bourgeois middleclass

Deviance and Social control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

behavior that departs from societal or group norms deviance
underconforms to accepted norms negative deviance
overconforms to social expectations positive deviance
ways to encourage conformity to society's norms social control
rewards/punishments that encourage conformity to social norms social sanctions
a social condition in which norms are weak, conflicting or absent anomie
gap exists between cultural goals strain theory
involving breaking of norms primary deviance
undesirable trait or label that is used to characterize an individual stigma
process of reducing the seriousness of the crimes that injure people of lower status victim discounting
job-related crimes commited by high status people white-collar crime
violation of the law crime
punishment intended to make criminals pay compensation for their acts retribution
a repetition of or return to criminal behavior recidivism

Sex, Gender, & Sexuality Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Sex characteristics: ovaries, testes, and external genitalia primary
Our sense of being male, female, or some combination of the two genderidentity
The biologically influenced characteristics by which people define males and females sex
Chromosome found in both males and females. Females have two xchromosome
Sex hormones contributing to female sex characteristics estrogens
An umbrella term describing people whose gender identity or expression differs from that associated with their birth sex transgender
Distress due to infrequently or never experiencing orgasm femaleorgasmicdisorder
The socially influenced characteristics by which people define men and women gender
The period of sexual maturation when a person becomes capable of reproducing puberty
First ejaculation; often occurs during sleep ("wet dream") spermarche
life-threatening, STI caused by HIV. Depletes the immune system, leaving the person vulnerable to infections AIDS
Set of expected behaviors, attitudes, and traits for males or females genderrole
Resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm refractoryperiod
The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role gendertyping
Sex characteristics: nonreproductive sexual traits, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair secondary
Sexual arousal from fantasies, behaviors, or urges involving nonhuman objects, the suffering of self or others, and or nonconsenting persons paraphilias
Displaying both traditional masculine and feminine psychological characteristics androgyny
Inability to develop or maintain an erection erectiledisorder
An act of aggression (physical or verbal) intended to harm a person's relationship or social standing relationalaggression
Culturally modeled guide for how to act in various situations socialscript
Most important male sex hormone. Found in both males and females. Stimulates growth of male sex organs and development during puberty. testosterone
Set of expectations (norms) about social position, defining how those in the position out to behave role
Having no sexual attraction to others asexual
First menstrual period menarche
Problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning sexualdysfunction
Chromosome found only in males ychromosome
Theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished sociallearning
Cycle of four stages of sexual responding: excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution sexualresponse
Disorder of sexual development; unusual development of sex chromosomes and anatomy Intersex
Any physical or verbal behavior intended to harm someone physically or emotionally aggression
an enduring sexual attraction toward member's of one's own sex (homosexual), the other sex (heterosexual), or both sexes (bisexual). sexualorientation

Motivation and Emotions Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

experience of feelings that underlies behavior; activates and effects behaviors but difficult to predict behavior; ex. Fear, joy, surprise Emotion
eating disorder; severe weight loss accompanied by obsessive worrying about weight gain Anorexia Nervosa
idea that your body returns to a preprogrammed weight Set Point
eating disorder; recurrent episodes of binging and purging Bulimia Nervosa
All the processes that initiate, direct, and sustain behavior Motivation
An external stimulus that motivates behavior (for example, money or fame) Incentive
The natural tendency of the body to maintain a balanced internal state in order to ensure physical survival Homeostasis
The part of the hypothalamus that acts as a feeding center to incite eating Lateral Hypothalamus
The part of the hypothalamus that acts as a satiety (fullness) center to inhibit eating Ventromedial Hypothalamus
The theory that emotional feelings result when an individual becomes aware of the physiological response James-Lang
The theory that an emotion-provoking stimulus is transmitted simultaneously to the cerebral cortex, Cannon-Bard
A two-factor theory stating that for an emotion to occur, there must be (1) physiological arousal and (2) a cognitive interpretation Schachter-Singer
A lie-detecting device that detects changes in heart rate, blood pressure, Polygraph
A state of alertness and mental and physical activation Arousal
Needs or desires that energize and direct behavior toward a goal Motives

Psychology chapter 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Physical needs such as sleep and hunger Physiological
Private, unobservable mental reason Cognitive
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Psychology
Educated guess about same phenomenon Hypothesis
A complex explanation based on findings from a large number of experimental studies Theory
Research Basic science
Using psychological principles to solve more immediate problems Applied science
A general approach to gathering info & answering questions so that error and biases are minimized Scientific method
Interested in the basic elements of human experience Structuralist
A method of self observation in which participants report their thoughts & feelings Introspection
Study how human and animals adapt to their environments Functionalist
A phychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human behavior, feelings, and thoughts Psychoanalyst
A psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based o response to events in the environment Behaviorist
A psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth Humanist
A psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use info and how thought processes influence our behavior Cognitivist
A psychologist who studies how chemical and physical changes in our body influence behavior Psychobiologist
A branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders Psychiatry
A pyschologist who diagnoses and treat people with emotional disturbances Clinical psychologist
A psychologist who studies the emotional, cognitive, biological, personal, & social changes that occur as individuals mature Developmental
A pysychologist who is concerned with helping students learn Educational
A psychologist who may work in a mental health or social welfare agency Community
A psychologist who uses psychological concepts to make the work place a more satisfying environment for employees & managers Industrial
A psychologist who studies sensation, perception, learning, motivation, and/or emotion in carefully controlled laboratory conditions Experimenal

Intro to Psychology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who is often called the "father" of psychology? wundt
Psychology is the scientific study of _______ and mental processes. behavior
This is a complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species. instinct
What part of the brain includes the auditory (hearing) areas? temporallobes
The autonomic nervous system is split into two divisions, one that calms and one that arouses. Which one is the calming side? parasympathetic
Paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, and undifferentiated are all classifications of what psychological disorder? schizophrenia
What level sits at the top of Maslow's hierarchy of needs? selfactualization
What area of the brain controls many of your emotional responses, including fear and anger? amygdala
Formerly known as multiple personality disrder, _______ identity disorder is characterized by a person exhibiting 2 or more distinct personalities. dissociative
In the study of behavior genetics, the real question of "what makes you who you are?" deals with nature v. _______. nurture
This research method is the only one that allows the experimenter to draw conclusions about cause and effect. experiment
The period between childhood and adulthood. adolescence
What gland is often referred to as the master gland? pituitary
A fetus is the developing human organism from _______ weeks after conception to birth. nine
In order to be judged a psychological disorder, it has to meet these 4 criteria: maladaptive, _______, disturbing, and atypical. unjustifiable
This is the culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement. socialclock
What psychologist's studes in the area of morality led his to develop a 3 stage theory of moral development? kohlberg
_______ nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by excessive eating followed by purging, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise. bulimia
_______ is the fear of swallowing. phagophobia
What is the 1st stage in Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development? sensorimotor

Deviance and Social Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Behavior that departs from societal or group norms DEVIANCE
Behavior that under-conforms to accepted norms NEGATIVEDEVIANCE
Behavior that over-conforms to social expectations POSITIVEDEVIANCE
A person who breaks significant societal or group norms DEVIANT
Rewards or punishments that encourage conformity to social norms SOCIALSANCTION
A social condition in which norms are weak, conflicting, or absent ANOMIE
The theory that deviance is more likely to occur when a gap exists between cultural goals and the ability to achieve them STARINTHEORY
The theory that compliance with social norms requires strong bonds between individuals and society CONTROLTHEORY
The theory the individuals learn deviance in proportion to the number of deviant acts and norms to which they are exposed DIFFERENTIALASSOCIATIOTHEORY
Only occasional breaking of norms PRIMARYDEVIANCE
Deviance that becomes a lifestyle and part of an individual's identity SECONDARYDEVIANCE
An undesirable label used to deny a deviant acceptance STIGMA
The process of reducing the seriousness of the crimes that injure people of a lower status VICTIMDISCOUNTING
Job-related crimes committed by high-status people WHITE-COLLARCRIME
A repetition of, or return to, criminal behavior RECIDIVISM
Punishment intended to make criminals pay monetary compensation to make up for the financial damage caused by their acts RESTITUTION

8 Stages of Development by Erik Erikson Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scientist who proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood. Erik Erikson
Erikson's theory of psychosocial development has ______ distinct stages. eight
During this stage, the person is uncertain about the world in which they live. To resolve these feelings of uncertainty, they look towards their primary care giver for stability and consistency of care. Trust vs. Mistrust
Between the ages of _____, they begin to assert their independence, by walking away from their mother, picking which toy to play with, and making choices about what they like to wear, to eat, etc. 18 months and 3
A healthy balance between initiative and guilt is important. Success in the stage of Initiative vs. Guilt leads to the virtue of _______. Purpose
__________ is the fourth stage of Erikson's theory, at this stage the person starts learning to read and write, to do sums, and do things on their own. Teachers begin to take an important role in the child's life as they teach the child specific skills. Industry vs. Inferiority
The ______ is Identity vs. Role Confusion, where teenagers are deciding their personalities through an intense exploration of personal values, beliefs and goals. Fifth Stage
Occurring in young adulthood (ages 18 to 40 yrs), we begin to share ourselves more intimately with others. We explore relationships leading toward longer-term commitments with someone other than family member. Intimacy vs. Isolation
By failing to achieve the objectives in the stage of Generativity vs. Stagnation, we become ______ and feel unproductive. Stagnant
As we grow older and become senior citizens, we tend to slow down our __________ and explore life as a retired person. It is during this time that we contemplate our accomplishments and can develop integrity if we see ourselves as leading a successful life. Productivity