Type
Word Search
Description

asthma
haze
lightning
volcanoes
oxides of nitrogen
sulfur dioxide
carbon monoxide
slash and burn
exhaust fumes
industrialisation

Pollution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one of the leading causes towards he increase amount of non-point solution agriculture
example of point source solution pipes
the source of pollution can be directly seen point
leading cause of run-off pesticides
movement of water through soil and rock percolation
can not directly see where the pollution is coming from nonpoint
agricultural practices placing pesticides and it running off into groundwater runoff
example of non-point source pollution from waterways stormwater
reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides, and VOCs; point source appears gray photochemical smog
nonpoint pollutant refering to the outflow of acidic water from mines acid mine drainage
2012 oil spill in the gulf of mexico on BP operated ship deep water horizon
hazardous chemicals that had been buried in a canal, leaked into people's property and school yards love canal
extremely damaging substance to human blood carbon monoxide
wet/dry deposits of secondary pollutants onto earth surfaces acid deposition
brown haze composed of sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, and suspended particles industrial smog
pollution of water through air pollution atmospheric depostion
river in India polluted by trash and untreated sewage Ganges
mercury dumped in a body of water in Japan, leading to mental impairment, birth defects and death in humans minamata bay
nations agree to cut CFC productionin half to recover ozone montreal protocol
the process by which something becomes impure, defiled, dirty, or otherwise unclean pollution

APES Unit 4 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

non-moving sources of pollution, such as factories. stationary sources
pollutants that are put directly into the air by human or natural activity. primary pollutants
pollutants that form from chemical reactions that occur when primary pollutants come in contact with other primary pollutants or with naturally occurring substances, such as water vapor. secondary pollutants
the 1970 amendments to the Clean Air Act required EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for certain pollutants known to be hazardous to human health. EPA has identified six criteria pollutants: sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and particulate matter. criteria pollutants
Air pollutants that are potentially harmful and may pose long-term health risks to people who live and work around chemical factories, incinerators, or other facilities that produce or use them (also called hazardous air pollutants). air toxics
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two. ozone
Colorless toxic gas created naturally by volcanoes. Human source is mainly from the burning of coal. Creates respiratory problems in humans and acid rain in the environment sulfur dioxide
(NOx) Major source is auto exhaust. Primary and secondary effects include acidification of lakes, respiratory irritation, leads to smog and ozone. Reduced using catalytic converters. nitrogen oxides
A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood. carbon monoxide
A small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant) particulate matter
A highly toxic metal that can damage the nervous system, blood, and kidneys, and can cause harm to the development of a children's intellectual abilities. Main source was leaded gasoline. lead
A category of organic chemical with a high vapor pressure, which readily evaporate at normal temperature and pressure. They include benzene, chloroform, formaldehyde, ethanol, etc. volatile organic compounds
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. hydrocarbons
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water. acid rain
A decline in the amount of light reaching the earth's surface because of increased air pollution, which reflects more light back into space. global dimming
A process that converts coal that is relatively high in sulfur to a gas in order to remove the sulfur coal gasification
An additive in gasoline and is an important industrial solvent (also a component in cigarette smoke) Benzene
Condition in which warmer air is found above cooler air, restricting air circulation; often associated with a pollution event in urban areas Thermal Inversion
A brownish haze that is a mixture of ozone and other chemicals, formed when pollutants react with each other in the presence of sunlight photochemical smog
A gray-colored air pollution created when power plants and home furnaces burn fossil fuels, releasing sulfur compounds and smoke particles into the air sulfurous smog
Comprehensive regulations that address acid rain, toxic emissions, ozone depletion, and automobile exhaust Clean Air Act Amendments
Human-induced changes on the natural environment Anthropogenic
A term for several minerals that have the form of small elongated particles. Some particles believed to be carcinogenic asbestos
A colorless, odorless gas that is radioactiveand comes from the decay of Uranium 238 radon
The tendency of gas or air to rise in a vertical shaft because its density is lower than that of the surrounding gas or air. It is also called stack effect. chimney effect
A phenomenon in which building occupants experience acute health and/or comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a particular building. sick building syndrome
Refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. green building
An air pollutant that is a colorless chemical used to manufacture building materials and many household products, such as particleboard, hardwood plywood paneling, and urea-formaldehyde foam insulation. chemical formaldehyde

Air Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The configuration of the surface of something: or the lay of the land Topography
A photochemical reaction produces this acrid smelling pollutant ozone
The atmospheric layer where ozone is found Stratosphere
Particulate matter is found in this form solid
When a polluted air mass remains stagnant over a regional area, this is called a thermal inversion
These substances produce air pollution when burned fossil fuels
The most abundant gas in the atmosphere nitrogen
According to the _________________ Act, citizens can take legal action against those in violation of emissions standards clean air
Natural rain has a pH of 5.6 because of the presence of this compound carbonic acid
A 'dirty' source of energy, but abundant in the U.S. coal
Vehicles are a _________ source of air pollution mobile
The type of smog common in Chicago Industrial
One of the most susceptible populations to poor air quality Sick
Smoky Fog smog
One source of a natural primary pollutant volcano
The human/animal system most affected by air pollution Respiratory
One factor which reduces the effects of air pollution wind
Sulfur dioxide would be characterized as this type of pollutant primary
A measure of the acidity (or alkalinity) of a substance, such as precipitation Ph
A pollutant which competes with oxygen in your body carbon monoxide
A molecule in red blood cells which oxygen binds to strongly hemoglobin
A nitrogen oxide in a liquid state nitric acid
The troposphere, the stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere Atmosphere
The source of nitrogen dioxide, if it is not industry vehicles
Ozone is an example of this type of pollutant secondary

Global Warming Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An increase in Earth's Global Temperature Global Warming
The most abundant gas in the air we breathe. Nitrogen
The trapping of heat in the atmostphere Greenhouse effect
Strong acids such as nitric acid or sulfuric acid that fall to earth Acid rain
What happens to earth's average temperature due to the greenhouse effect? Increases
Chlorine containing chemicals that cause the thinning of the ozone layer chlorofluorocarbons
Increasing amounts of this gas is associated with global warming Carbon dioxide
The main source of air pollution is the burning of Fossil fuels
A haze of pollutants that hangs in the air above many cities Smog
Depletion of this atmosphere layer increases Earth's exposure to UV radiation ozone layer
The three invaluable resources are land, air, and ____________ Water
True or false: acid rain can damage statues and destroy forests true

Sources of Air Pollution- pages 462-463 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

caused by human activities and natural processes air pollution
particulate matter emissions
volcanic eruptions, forests fires natural processes
pollution that comes from power plants and factories point source
pollution that comes from cars and trucks nonpoint source
carbon-containing fuels that formed millions of years ago from remains of living things fossil fuels
pollutants may do direct harm primary air pollutants
gas that binds to hemoglobin and deprive cells of oxygen carbon monoxide
colorless gas that causes acid rain sulfur dioxide
gas found in combustion engines that causes lung irritation nitrogen dioxide
methane, propane, butane, benzene VOC
soot, dust, metal bits particulate matter
cause damage to the nervous system lead
protects humans from radiation ozone

metals and nonmetals Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

carbon c
nitrogen n
oxygen o
gold Au
copper Cu
hydrogen h
silver Ag
metals are good conductors of................... heat
metals have a high melting point
non metals are mostly solids and gases
non metals are fragile or brittle
carbon + oxygen carbon dioxide
sodium + chlorine sodium chloride
magnesium + oxygen magnesium oxide
the smallest particle of many compound are called molecules
non metals are poor conductors of heat
non metals can burn to form acidic oxides

Environmental Issues Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

anything that is easily recognizable, such as a monument, building, or other structure Landmarks
clouds or rain containing sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen oxides that cause problems in the environment Acid Rain
a group of European countries united to bring advantages to members that might not be available to the smaller nations; it works to improve trade, education, farming, and industry among the members European Union
a natural fuel such as coal or gas, formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms fossil fuels
a large vaned wheel rotated by the wind to generate electricity wind turbines
air pollution caused by sunlight acting on the  gases from automobile and factory exhausts or other atmospheric pollutants smog
waste gases or air expelled from an engine, turbine, or other machine in the course of its operation exhausts
four days in London when people could not see in front of them due to air pollution great Smog
an installation where electrical power is generated for distribution power plants
areas in London where, in order to improve air quality, only smokeless fuels can be used smokeless zones
a substance in the air which has harmful or poisonous effects. Air pollution
the energy released during nuclear fission or fusion, especially when used to generate electricity nuclear energy
producing or capable of producing abundant vegetation or crops fertile
material that emits radiation which can damage living tissue radioactive
- an area in the Ukraine immediately surrounding the Chernobyl nuclear power plant where radioactive contamination is highest and public access is restricted. exclusion zone
device used to initiate and control a nuclear chain reaction, and can be used at power plants to generate electricity reactor

Contents of cigarettes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Found in nail polish remover Acetone
an ingredient in hair dye Acetic Acid
a common household cleaner Ammonia
used in rat poison Arsenic
found in rubber cement Benzene
used in lighter fluid Butane
active component in battery acid Cadmium
Released in car exhaust fumes Carbon Monoxide
Embalming fluid Formaldehyde
Found in barbecue lighter fluid Hexamine
used in batteries Lead
An ingredient in mothballs Naphthalene
a main component in rocket fuel Methanol
used as insecticide Nicotine
material for paving roads Tar
used to manufacture paint Toluene
a preparation of the nicotine-rich leaves of an American plant, which are cured by a process of drying and fermentation for smoking or chewing. Tobacco
colourless pungent gas in solution made by oxidizing methanol. formaldehyde
group of chlorofluorocarbons and related compounds. freon
Pest killer methoprene
Sugar alcohol/sweetener maltitol
a solid material which is typically hard, shiny, malleable, fusible, and ductile Metals
pheromone used by some organisms, double bond isomer of nerolic acid. geranic acid
highly corrosive strong mineral acid sulfuric acid
It is a colorless, extremely poisonous and flammable liquid that boils slightly above room temperature. Hydrogen cyanide

unit 4 air vocab Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

nonmoving sources of pollution, such as factories stationary sources
pollutants that are put directly into the air by human or natural activity primary pollutants
pollutants that form from chemical reactions that occur when primary pollutants come in contact with other primary pollutants or with naturally occurring substances, such as water vapor. secondary pollutants
the 1970 amendments to the Clean Air Act required EPA to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards for certain pollutants known to be hazardous to human health. EPA has identified six criteria pollutants: sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and particulate matter. criteria pollutants
Air pollutants that are potentially harmful and may pose long-term health risks to people who live and work around chemical factories, incinerators, or other facilities that produce or use them (also called hazardous air pollutants). air toxics
A form of oxygen that has three oxygen atoms in each molecule instead of the usual two. ozone
Colorless toxic gas created naturally by volcanoes. Human source is mainly from the burning of coal. Creates respiratory problems in humans and acid rain in the environment. sulfur dioxide
Major source is auto exhaust. Primary and secondary effects include acidification of lakes, respiratory irritation, leads to smog and ozone. Reduced using catalytic converters. nitrogen oxides(NOx)
A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood. carbon monoxide
A small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant) particulate matter
A highly toxic metal that can damage the nervous system, blood, and kidneys, and can cause harm to the development of a children's intellectual abilities. Main source was leaded gasoline. lead
A category of organic chemical with a high vapor pressure, which readily evaporate at normal temperature and pressure. They include benzene, chloroform, formaldehyde, ethanol, etc. volatile organic compounds-
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. hydrocarbons
Rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water. acid rain
A decline in the amount of light reaching the earth's surface because of increased air pollution, which reflects more light back into space. global dimming
A process that converts coal that is relatively high in sulfur to a gas in order to remove the sulfur. coal gasification
An additive in gasoline and is an important industrial solvent (also a component in cigarette smoke) benzene
A brownish haze that is a mixture of ozone and other chemicals, formed when pollutants react with each other in the presence of sunlight. photochemical smog
A gray-colored air pollution created when power plants and home furnaces burn fossil fuels, releasing sulfur compounds and smoke particles into the air. sulfurous smog
Comprehensive regulations that address acid rain, toxic emissions, ozone depletion, and automobile exhaust. Clean Air Act Amendments
Human induced changes on the natural environment. Anthropogenic
A term for several minerals that have the form of small elongated particles. Some particles believed to be carcinogenic. asbestos
A colorless, odorless gas that is radioactive and comes from the decay of Uranium 238. radon
The tendency of gas or air to rise in a vertical shaft because its density is lower than that of the surrounding gas or air. It is also called stack effect. chimney effect
A phenomenon in which building occupants experience acute health and/or comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a particular building. sick building syndrome
Refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. green building
An air pollutant that is a colorless chemical used to manufacture building materials and many household products, such as particleboard, hardwood plywood paneling, and urea-formaldehyde foam insulation. formaldehyde
A phenomenon that exists in urban cities...temps are higher due to lack of wind movement (skyscrapers) and increased use of absorbent material (streets) Urban Heat Island

Covalent Naming Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

CH4 carbon tetrahydride
NH3 nitrogen trihydride
H2O dihydrogen monoxide
hydrogen chloride HCl
phosphorus trihydride PH3
carbon monoxide CO
HI hydrogen monoiodide
N2O3 dinitrogen trioxide
SO2 sulfur dioxide
sulfur hexachloride SCl6
carbon tetrabromide CBr4
dinitrogen hexaflouride N2F6
silicon tetraflouride SiF6
P2S3 diphosphorus trisulphide
phosphorus pentaflouride PF5