Type
Word Search
Description

Arab Muslims
Byzantine
Constantinople
Divergence
Doctrine
Eastern Orthodox
Emperor
Greek Influence
Invasions
Islamic Culture
Justinian Code
Justinian I
Latin Services
Marriage
New rome
Ottoman Turks
Patriarch
Plague
Pope
Priest
Roman Catholic
Schism
Theodora
Trade Center
Western Church

Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Body of Roman civil law, collected and organized by Emperor Justinian Justinian Code
Church in Constantinople, built by Justinian, currently a mosque Hagia Sophia
A principal bishop in the eastern branch of Christianity Patriarch
A religious image used by eastern Christians Icon
A split between the eastern and western branches of Christianity Schism
An alphabet for the writing of Slavic languages Cyrillic
People from the forests north of the Black Sea. Ancestors of many eastern Europeans today Slavs
A landowning noble of Russia Boyars
Russian leader responsible for helping to spread Christianity in Russia Vladimer
Created new legal code in Russia, Vladimer's son Yaroslav
Challenge Mongol rule and took title of Czar Ivan III
Russian Emperor Czar
Turkish group who migrated to the Abbasid Empire, would later establish their own empire Seljuks
A prime minister in the Muslim kingdom or empire Vizier
Mongol leader, led the Mongols in the early 1200s Genghis Khan
A group of European invaders from present day Hungary Magyar

The Byzantine Empire Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Mehmet
Cardinal
Council
Schism
Pope
Muslim
Mosque
Church
Catholic
Justinian
Byzantine
Constantinople
Theodora

The Byzantine Empire and Russia Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The capital of the Byzantine empire. constantinople
The emperor that codified a law code in the Byzantine Empire. Justinian
_________ and Roman traditions were preserved in the Byzantine Empire. Greek
These were popular religious images in Byzantine Churches. Icons
This is a domed church that was built in Constantinople. Hagia Sophia
The religion practiced in the Byzantine Empire became known as Greek ___________ Christianity orthodox
The language that remained in the Byzantine Empire was not Latin but _______ greek
The split between the Eastern Church and the Western Church was called The Great schism
The seat of the Western Church was in the city of _____ Rome
This is the language used during church services in the Western Church. Latin
This position is the head of the Western Church with religious authority. pope
This was the alphabet adopted by Slavic languages based on the Greek alphabet. cyrillic
What Byzantine historian wrote "Secret History" procopius
Russian word for caesar czar
She was the wife of the emperor Justinian. Theodora
This is the first city-state formed in Russia by Prince Vladimir Kiev
This is the Russian Prince that Christianized Russia Vladimir
A staple of Byzantine art, these were pictures created by using small pieces of rock or glass to form a picture. mosaics
When the Turks conquered Constantinople, they renamed the city this istanbul
This is the title of the highest church official in the Eastern Orthodox Church. patriarch
The name of the Mongol group that invaded Russia and ruled for over 2 centuries golden horde

Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What Constantine called his capital after New Rome. Constantinople
What church in the east developed in it's own unique way? Eastern Orthodox
Construction projects built by a government for public use, such as buildings, roads, and bridges. public works
In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the bishop of an important city. patriarch
A sacred rite of public worship. Liturgy
A type of religious image typically painted on a small wooden panel and considered sacred by Eastern Orthodox Christians. Icon
A formal division in a church or religious body. schism
Who was the King of the Franks? Charlemagne
How was Medieval Europe and the Byzantine Empire united? Christianity
What is a word for the phrase ''icon smashing?'' iconoclasm
What is,''In agreement with right belief.'' orthodox
How much miles to the east was Constantinople to Rome. Eighthundred

Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who was Justinian I's wife? Theodora
Who was the emporer who rebuilt Constantinople and stopped the greens and blues from rioting? Justinian
Which Christian religion church arose during the Byzantine Empire? Eastern Orthdox Church
What city was was named after Constantine and was the capital of the Byzantine Empire? ( Hint: it used to be called New Rome.) Constantinople
What were construction projects built by a government for public use called? Public Works
What was a person in the Eastern Orthodox Church who also was the bishop of an important city called? Patriarch
What was a sacred rite of public worship called? Liturgy
What is a type of religious image typically painted on a small wooden panel and considered scared by Eastern Orthodox Christians called? Icon
What is a formal division in a church or religious body called? Schism
Which queen was the ruler of the empire but since she was a woman, Pope Leo III replaced her with Charelmagne? QueenIrene
Who was the official court historian during the time of Justinian I who write good and bad accounts on him? Procopius
Which church did Justinian I build after the riots, which was also know as, "Holy Wisdom"? HagiaSophia
What was the Byzantine Empire a continuation of? Romanempire
Constantinople was easy to defend because it was surrounded by _________. Water
Constantinople was wealthy because they were the center of many ________________. Trade routes
What culture was the Byzantine Empire's architecture influenced by? Greek
Who in the church was considered "first among equals."? Pope
Who banned all icons in the Byzantine Empire? PopeleoThethird

Dark Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Greatest king of the middle ages Charlemagne
Disease that ravaged the Byzantine Empire and most of Europe Bubonic plague
Date of the Fall of Rome 476 AD
A holy war; military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims Crusade
led by the Pope; this institution was the stable force that unified Europe Catholic Church
To be barred (or kicked out) of the church excommunicated
political system of local government based on the granting of land in return for loyalty, military assistance, and other services Feudalism
"Great Charter" ...outlines basic rules and rights of the people Magna Carta
made a deal with Byzantine emperor to retake the Holy Land Pope Urban II
fought Christians for the Holy Land Muslim Turks
served and fought for the king Knights
Relating or belonging to the Middle Ages Medieval
defeated the Muslim Moors at Tours in 732 AD Charles martel
religious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities Monks
First Germanic king to convert to Christianity Clovis
Invaders from Scandinavia Vikings
the abbreviation for anno domini; which means in the year of our lord AD
a body of laws developed by the medieval Church Canon Law
Method used by the church to force governments to abide by their wishes interdict
Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire Constantinople
Former Greek city that was the location of Constantinople Byzantium
The estate or domain of a feudal lord Fief
Document that declared religious tolerance for Christianity in the Roman empire Edict of milan
First Roman emperor to convert to Christianity Constantine
Splitting of the church into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church Great schism
Government rule where one person has all the power autocracy
Word that means non-religious secular
A rite or ritual performed in the church that allows for salvation sacrament
People who did not follow or adhere to religious ways pagan
City where three major religions began Jerusalem

Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Flammable substance used by Byzantine empire to attack Arabs Greek Fire
Justinian's Code, laws that were rewritten so they could be understood better and 529 (2 years into his rule) Corpus Juris
Textbooks for people that are studying the law Institutes
Latin word for New Laws Novellae
Uncodified (multiple documents) where judges have more power Common Law
Codified (single documents) where judges have less power Civil Law
A religious art/figure representing a religious belief Icon
People who think that icons shouldn't be used in the church Iconoclast
Head of the Roman Catholic Church Pope
Banishment from the church Excommunication
A stadium used for horse and chariot racing and public entertainment complex Hippodrome
The division of the church that spilt into two Great Schism
triangular support system for the dome of the Hagia Sophia Pendentives
the harbor of Constantinople that is North of the city Golden Horn
one of Justinian's most important military commanders Belisarius
Byzantine historian who wrote Secret History Procopius
head of Justinian's legal scholars who helped make Justinian's code Tribonian
Most important church built by Justinian Hagia Sophia
When the Blues and the Greens revolted against Justinian Nika Rebellion
reconquered lost lands and created catapult Emperor Basil
Byzantine emperor who banned the use of icons Emperor Leo III
Invaded the Byzantine Empire and took over Ottoman Turks
Viking leader who settled into Kiev Oleg
Trade city in southern Russia established by Scandinavian traders Kiev
the wife of Justinian Theodora

The Byzantine Empire Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Images of Mary and the baby Jesus showcases the Byzantine Style Western styles. Icon
The official split between the Roman Catholic and Byzantine churches that occurred in 1054 Schism
A series of wars in which Christians battled Muslims for control of land in the Middle, to expel Muslims from the Holy Land. Crusades
The system of governing a country as a father would a child. In the Roman and Byzantine empires, the highest church official in a major city. Patriarch
Perhaps the greatest emperor of the Byzantine empire, who ruled from 527 to 565. Named emperor at the age of 66. Justinian
the codification of Roman law ordered early in the 6th century AD by Justinian I Justinian Codes
The first sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. Saladin
One of the most powerful and influential of the medieval popes. Pope Innocent III
The capital of the Byzantine empire Constantinople
A ruler who has absolute power. Autocrat
The empress of the Eastern Roman Empire by marriage to Emperor Justinian I. She was one of the most influential and powerful of the Eastern Roman empresses Theodora
In the history of Europe, it lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. Medieval
King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the Early Middle Ages. Charlemagne
A great architectural beauty and an important monument both for Byzantine and for Ottoman Empires. Hagia Sophia

Roman Empire Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Historian who wrote "The History of Rome" Livy
Wrote the Epic Poem "The Aeneid" Virgil
Doctor who studied anatomy Galen
Astronomer who mapped over 1,000 different stars Ptolemy
Strong emperor of the Byzantine Empire Justinian
Justinian's wife who championed greater rights for women Theodora
Romans borrowed ideas in art & architecture from the... Greeks
Romans began to _______________ when coins rapidly devalued Barter
Roman builders were the first to use this strong building material Concrete
The Roman Empire officially ended when ______________ removed Romulus Augustulus from power in 476 A.D. Odoacer
Religious center of the Byzantine Empire? Hagia Sofia
Leader of the Byzantine Church Patriarch
Capital of the Byzantine Empire (Modern-day Istanbul) Constantinople
When money decreases in value and the costs of goods rise Inflation
Emperor who divided the Empire in two parts Theodsius
Emperor who moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium and renamed it after himself Constantine
Someone who stands in for a ruler who is too young or ill to rule Regent
Era of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted for 200 years PaxRomana
Pictures made from tiny pieces of colored glass Mosaics
Roman engineering innovation which brought water from far away sources to cities Aquaducts
Roman philosophy that encouraged people to live in a practical way Stoicism
Political changes that are aimed at making improvements Reforms
Romans believed in many gods. We call this belief system... Polytheism
Romes first Emperor Augustus
Name of the Byzantine area that rivaled the Roman Colusseum Hippodrome

Byzantine Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The city of Constantinople was the capital of Byzantine Empire
Blend of Ancient _____ & Roman traditions Greece
Crossroads of ________ Trade
In the early 1000s the head of the Christian church in Constantinople, called the Patriarch
Greek & Roman knoledge and history was stored in Byzantine Libraries
Which of the 2 churches had a pope? Western Roman Catholic
Mosaics were usually made of small colored glass, painted material, or Painted material
Through ______ diffusion the Slavs picked up Byzantine cultural
What did the Russians create that we use today? Cyrillic Alphabet
People lived in Constantinople because of protection of the eastern Frontier
What did expanding trade cause Byzantine Empire to be? Rich
St. Cyril and his brother created what book? Bible
What became accepted in the west that they practiced? Cellbacy
What church was built by Justinian for Christian Eastern Orthodox? Hagia Sophia