Pseudepigraph 60 writings
Greece 331 BCE - 164 BCE
Persia ended -331 BCE
Temple - ceremonial
Roman 63 BCE-135 CE
Septuagint - Greek
Dead Sea Scrolls
A big family dinner that is enjoyed at the end of Passover.
A holiday celebrating the freedom of Jews from slavery in Egypt.
This symbol represent Judaism. The ____ of David.
Where Jews go to worship.
The founder of the Jewish religion.
Celebrates the re-dedication of their holy temple in Jerusalem.
An inherited or customary pattern of thought, action, or behavior.
A holiday celebrating the Jewish New Year.
The belief in one god.
The candle holder that is lit each night during Hanukkah.
The location of the most holy Jewish temple that was taken over by the Greeks.
How many days is Hanukkah?
The holy or sacred text of Judaism.
A strong belief or trust in someone or something.
Bread without yeast that is eaten during Passover.
A spinning top, a game played during Hanukkah.
Jewish religious leaders.
A set of moral principles or values.
The scattering of the Jewish people outside of their homeland.
One who creates or establishes.
Going without food for a period of time.
Where did Judaism begin?
Giving worship to something or someone other than the one, true God.
The adoption of Greek ways and speech as happened in the case of Jews living in the Diaspora.
Writing fragments from the Essene community found in caves near Qumran that indicated the monastic nature of the Essenes and their scrupulous its for the Law.
Hebrew for "my master" or "my teacher"; someone who was authorized to teach and judge in matters of Jewish Law.
Two long collections of Jewish religious literature that are commentaries on the Mishnah, the Hebrew code of laws that emerged about 200 CE.
Subscribing to the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
The sanctuary inside the tabernacle in the Temple of Jerusalem where the Ark of the Covenant was kept.
From the Hebrew meaning "pious", a movement within Judaism founded in eighteenth-century Poland where pious devotion to God is as important as study of Torah.
From the name Zion, it is a movement with origins in the nineteenth century that sought to restore a Jewish homeland in Palestine in response to anti-Semitism.
The type of biblical interpretation found in rabbinic literature, especially the Talmuds.
A repository traditionally in or against the wall of a synagogue for the scrolls of the Torah.
A commandment of the Jewish law.
A binding and solemn agreement between human beings or between God and his people, holding each to a particular course of action.
From the Hebrew meaning "way", Jewish law that covers all aspects of the life of an individual and of the community.
A religious ceremony that symbolically ends the Shabbat, usually recited over kosher wine or kosher grape juice.
The elevated platform in a Jewish synagogue where the person reading aloud from the Torah stands during the service.
Meaning "doorpost", a small parchment containing Jewish scripture, usually the Sh'ma, that is placed in a case on or near the right doorframe at the home of an observant Jew.
From the Hebrew word kaser, meaning "proper"; refers to food permitted by Jewish dietary laws.
Hebrew for "calamity", it refers to the mass murder of Jews by the Nazis during World War II.
It's also Greek to me for city
He conquered, but he allowed others to keep culture.
Like an ancient governor
a group of wise men
Persian state of trade
A great military ruler who created the greatest ancient empire.
"______, The Great" who conquered Median, Lydian, and Mesopotamian Empires.
Ancient religion, which was both monotheistic and believed in dualism.
Greek statesman famous during the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
Ancient highway constructed by Darius, The Great
A group of Greek city-states, which fought in the Persian Wars
_______________ War, fought, basically between Athens and Sparta.
Time between the death of Alexander, The Great and The Roman Empire
Conflict between 499-449 B.C. between ancient Greece and Persia
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Written in 1215
OFF WITH THEIR HEAD!
A U.S. boat that stood out among all others in war
Killed by rat poison
Stabbed 23 times
A player who had 6 wives
Let there be light
WOMEN HAVE RIGHTS TOO!
Scattering of jews
Lover of wisdom
Let them eat cake 🍰
Killed by guillotine
Basic moral laws of Judaism
Destroyed the Great temple
Roman general in 63 BC
Freedom if religion
To study or write history
The city looks so pretty do you want to burn it with me?
A type of government in which the people are able to elect their own leader.
An ancient Roman commoner, typically artisans, farmers, and merchants.
Aristocratic landowners that usually held the most power.
Members of the patrician class that passed laws.
Roman leader that controls laws and wars and has absolute power for six months.
Elected by plebeians to help protect their rights.
Roman officials elected each year in charge of the government and army.
Military units that Romans were organized into in the army.
Three wars between Rome and Carthage from 264 to 146 B.C. Rome defeated Carthage and it became a new roman Province.
Carthaginian general that used 50,000 soldiers and 60 elephants to invade Italy.
Indo-Europeans that settled in Greece in 2000 B.C.
War fought between Trojans and Mycenaeans, Greeks won due to the Trojan horse they sent filled with soldiers.
Type of Greek poem about heroic deeds. The poems were usually told and the most famous was The Iliad.
Stories told in ancient Greece that tried to explain the mysteries of life and were passed down through generations.
Includes a Greek city and it’s surrounding villages, also called a city-state.
Rule by a king.
Wars fought between Greece and Persian Empire. Greece defeated Persia and their city-states became provinces of Athens.
Tutored by Plato, became king of Macedon and built an enormous empire.
Temple built to honor Athena. Includes a large 30 foot statue of the goddess.
Citizens rule directly, not through representatives. Part of Pericles’ plan.
These works of art were created with beautiful and elaborate designs
Around 500 to 400 B.C., Greece went to war with____________
During the Hellenistic Age, the Greek Empire was ruled by __________________________
This war left the Greek economy and government weak.
The ___________ tells the story of Achilles.
Great works of Greek poets, historians, philosophers, scientists, and other writers were stored at ________________________________
Around 750 B.C., Grecian traders came in contact with ____________________, who used a script called the alphabet.
__________________ wrote about logic, metaphysics, astronomy, physics, politics, and poetry.
____________ continued the work of Socrates by writing hundreds of profound and complex dialogues, which illustrated his philosophical viewpoints.
The most important cultural center in the Hellenistic world was_________________-
Alexander the Great founded an empire that might be described as a _____________
The head of the government was called __________
A high area that held a temple and religious shrines
This was one of the biggest cities in ancient Greece
A central marketplace where people could shop, perform business transactions, and socialize
Founded by Romulus and Remus in 753 BCE
Mark Antony became the first ___________________ of the Roman Empire.
Romans build _______________________ wooden structures as performance spaces.
Who build the first permanent theatre in Ancient Rome?
Roman's borrowed _______________ ideas and improved on them.
240 BCE to 75 BCE _________________ flourished.
Roman mock sea battle
Gladiators faught to the __________________________.
Professional combatant in Ancient Rome.
Roman Comic playwright who lived from 254- 284 BCE.
Nonspeaking dancer in Ancient Rome
Roman comic playwright who became a freed slave
Roman imitators who wore no masks and spoke improv lines
How many plays did Terence write?
Roman Mock sea battles occured in a flooded what?
Occurred in 721 BC, after the death of King Soloman, Israel conquered by the Assyrians. "Disappearance" of Northern Ten Tribes
In 587 BCE, Jerusalem conquered by the Babylonians, Solomans temple destroyed, Birth of Iraqi Jewry
538 BCE, Cyrus permitted Jews to return and rebuild temple, Birth of Iranian Jewry, Influence of Aramaic culture on Judaism, prayers, language of the Talmud
333 BCE, Alexander the Great of Macedonia overthrows the Persian Empire, spread of Hellenism across conquered lands. "the Septuagint"(270 BCE), Philo (1st C BCE)
63 BCE, Emergence of Rabbinic Judaism, 70 CE, Destroyed 2nd Temple,
Emerges after destruction of Jerusalem Temple, 70 CE, transormation of Judaism from Temple-centric to Text-centric
5th C CE, Jews of northern Europe disapppear, Med Jews, Byz Jews, Iran, Iraq, West/Central Asia Survive
7th C CE, divided western world in north and west of Med (Christian), south and east (Muslim), New religious freedoms, trade opportunities, migration pattern, Maimonides.
Central and E European Jewry, Yiddish, 10 Million at the end of the 19th century
Middle Eastern Jewry, Judeo-Arabic and Judeo-Persian; 600,000 Mizrachi Jews
Mediterranean (Iberian) Jewry, Ladino; 400,000
1492, Ferdinand and Isbella: convert or leave within three months. Migrations to Portugal, Morocco, Italy, Ottoman Turkish Empire
Migration from Germany to Poland, increasing persecution in Germany in 12th and 13th centuries.
the dispersion of Jews beyond Israel.
assimilation to a different culture, typically a dominant one.
Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt.
the national character or culture of Greece, especially ancient Greece.
a Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament), including the Apocrypha, made for Greek-speaking Jews in Egypt in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC and adopted by the early Christian Churches.