What drug class ends in -dipine
What is a common drug that ends in -caine
What do -statins reduce
Sumatriptan is used for the treatment of ___________
-terol/-phylline dilates __________
What drug class is prednisone in?
Spironolactone is a __________-sparing diuretic
Diuretics are used to treat ______________
Ace inhibitors end in ______________
Drugs that end in -vir treat what type of infection
What gland do alpha-1 blockers (-sin) work on
Omeprazole works to reduce ____________
Xanax, Valium, and Ativan are examples of _______________
This antihypertensive class of medication contains valsartan
What is the best university in Iowa
The condition of having elevated blood pressure
Guidelines for treating hypertension
Beta-blocker with best effects on blood pressure
Trial that recommends blood pressure goal of <120/80
Study that identified most effective agents for lowering blood pressure
Device used to measure blood pressure
Severe hypertension with end-organ damage, hypertensive....
Sever hypertension in asymptomatic patients, hypertensive.....
Interaction with ACE-Inhibitors that can lead to increased blood pressure
Generic for Cozaar
Generic for Zestril
Generic for Microzide
Generic for Norvasc
Common ingredient that increases blood pressure
Time of day blood pressure is generally highest
Blood pressure that requires at least 4 drugs to be controlled
Elevated blood pressure while in the doctors office, ..... hypertension
Type of calcium channel blockers more effective for blood pressure reduction
<140/90 is an appropriate blood pressure goal for patients younger than
ACEs and ARBs are NOT preferred first line in this group of people
Life threatening side effect of ACE-Inhibitors and ARBs
An analgesic drug containing acetaminopen and hydrocodone
A drug that is used to treat pain and stiffness from muscle spasms
A drug used to relieve moderate to severe pain
A drug that is used to treat anxiety,muscle spasms,and seizures
A drug used to treat seizure disorders,such as epilepsy
A narcotic used to treat ''breakthrough''cancer pain that is not controlled by other medicines
A drug used to control seizures in epilepsy and for the treatment of panic disorder
A drug used to treat anxiety disorders,pain disorders,and anxiety caused by depression
A drug used for around the clock treatment of severe pain
A drug used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)
A sedative,or hypnotic,used to treat insomnia
A drug used to treat MMDD,PTSD,PMDD,and panic disorder
Used to treat moderate to severe pain that is expected to last for an extended period of time
Used to treat opiod addiction
Extended release tablets
A drug used to treat insomnia
A central nervous system stimulant
non-opioid analgesic given for mild to moderate pain; should be limited to 4 grams daily according to the FDA
inhibits production of uric acid; used to treat gout
benzodiazepine; treats anxiety and panic disorders; Xanax
calcium channel blocker; antihypertensive; works by systemic vasodilation to decrease blood pressure; Norvasc
antibacterial; may be given for pneumonia, sinusitis, acute bronchitis, middle ear infection, urethritis, pertussis, etc; Zithromax
NSAID; low dose taken routinely is often recommended to prevent heart attack
given to treat high cholesterol and prevent cardiovascular disease
most frequently given by suppository; stimulant laxative
opioid analgesic used for management of moderate to severe acute pain; binds to CNS opioid receptors to block perception of pain; Buprenex
beta blocker; antihypertensive; lowers heart rate and blood pressure; Coreg
anti-infective; binds to cell wall membrane to cause cell death against susceptible bacteria; Rocephin
fat-soluble vitamin that promotes absorption of Ca and Phos
anti-infective; fluoroquinolones; broad spectrum; used against gram positive (MRSA) and gram negative (E-coli) pathogens
antihypertensive; adrenergic; for management of mild to moderate HTN; inhibits vasoconstriction to reduce blood pressure; Catapres
opioid analgesic; often combined with guaifenesin or promethazine for cough suppressant that affects parts of the brain to reduce urge to cough
long-acting insulin that stimulates peripheral glucose uptake by binding to insulin receptors; Levemir
sodium; stool softener
reduces size of prostate and decreases urinary symptoms of BPH
low molecular weight heparin; prevention of VTE, DVT, PE
antidiabetic; promotes insulin secretion and glucose-lowering mechanisms; Byetta
used to prevent acid reflux/GERD; short-term treatment of duodenal ulcers
opioid analgesic; short half-life; often given by IV or patch; CNS depressant
1.1 Who was the 1st researcher who isolated morphine from opium in 1805?
1.2 Which word is derived from two Greek words: pharmakon, which means "medicine", and logos, which means "study"?
1.2 What class of antibiotics are useful in the treatment of many infectious diseases, for example endocarditis, which helps minimize valvular damage. Caution must be used, because this class of antibiotic can cause inner ear toxicity and neuromuscular impairment (esp. if furosemide is administered at the same time).
1.3 Which term is concerned with the 'prevention' of disease and treatment of suffering?
1.3 Which term is the application of drugs for the purpose of 'treating' diseases and alleviating human suffering?
1.4 Drugs/medications, Complementary and alternative medicine therapies (CAM), and WHAT ELSE are the three general categories which substances applied for therapeutic purposes fall into?
A what, is a chemical agent capable of producing biologic responses within the body?
After a drug is administered, it is called a what?
1.4 Which therapeutic approach involves natural plant extracts, herbs, vitamins, minerals, etc.?
1.5 Which term is used to refer to the way a drug works at the molecular, tissue, or body system level?
1.5 Which drug classification lowers the plasma volume?
Which drug classification dilates peripheral blood vessels?
1.5 What term is used to describe the well-understood drug model with which other drugs in its representative class are compared? For example, by knowing the effects of penicillin V, students can extend this knowledge to the other drugs in the penicillin class of antibiotics.
1.6 Tylenol is considered a __________ name?
1.6 Acetaminophen is considered a ______ name?
1.7 Patients prefer to take what kind of drugs, because they are easy to obtain, no appointment or prescription needed, and are cheap?
1.8 What source is provided by the FDA for searching out drug products by active ingredients, trade name, generic equivalents, and the manufacturer?
1.8 What term is the physiological ability of the drug to reach its target cells and produce its effect?
1.9 What term is a subdiscipline of health economics, which has helped institutions involving broader application of a particular type of drug therapy?
PRODUCES A CALMING EFFECT
USED TO TREAT MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER
USED TO SLOW PROGRESSION OF ALZHEIMERS
ANTIPSYCOTIC AND USED AS A SLEEPAID IN LOW DOSES
USED TO RELIEVE ANXIETY
USED FOR TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA AND BIPOLAR DISORDER
A MOOD STABILIZER USED TO TREAT BIPOLAR DISORDER
AN ANTIDEPRESSANT OF THE SSRI CLASS
USED TO SLOW PROGRESSION OF DEMENTIA
AN ANTI ANXIETY MED OF THE BENZODIAZEPINE CLASS
USED AS A SLEEP AID AND CAUSES DROWSINESS
A STIMULANT USED TO TREAT ADHD
USED FOR ACUTE ANXIETY, PANIC ATTACKS, HTN
What is the antidote for heparin?
The nurse should monitor for this when administering spiranolactone?
This lab value must be checked prior to administering furosemide.
This category of diuretics is most often used to treat blood pressure.
Before administering warfarin, this lab value must be checked.
Lab levels should be assessed with this particular organ when the physician prescribes a "statin" drug.
A low molecular weight heparin that is given subcutaneously.
This category of coagulation modifiers prevent clots from forming.
It's important to do this when applying nitroglycerin patches (2 words).
This category of drug is common for treating angina.
This category of coagulation modifiers dissolve or bust clots.
Administer this is the INR is too high.
This category of drug could cause a dry cough (2 words).
This drug could cause yellow-green vision if toxic levels of this drug are in the body.
Daily weights should be done on the ____ scale, ____ time of day, in the ____ amount of clothes.
Aspirin falls into this class of medications.
This class of medications stops the RAAS system but does not have an ACE cough.
Lab value associated with heparin.
This class of antihypertensives end in "lol" (2 words).
This medication lowers heart rate but leaves the blood pressure unaffected.
Haloperidol falls into this class of drugs.
This drug is an antihypertensive drug.
This class of drug causes a patient to urinate.
Used as an antidote to morphine.
Use as a first-line drug in emergency situations to bring back blood pressure.
An antidiabetic drug that should be held before giving radiocontrast dye.
This drug is an antiseizure medication.
One of the newer antihistamine drugs that is less sedating.
A parenteral drug that is used in patients with diabetes and comes in short-acting and long-acting forms.
One of many drugs used to decrease blood lipids and cholesterol.
This drug contains antiseizure, antianxiety, and muscle relaxant actions.
This class of drugs is very toxic and used to treat cancer.
The acronym used for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
This drug falls in the same class as dobutamine.
The class of drugs used to treat patients for claustrophobia and stimulate gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors in the brain.
The same answer as #12 Across.
Is considered an antihypertiensive drug.
Used to treat a weak heart.
Used to treat cardiac dysrhythmias.
This drug is used in cardiology as an antiplatelet.
An antihistamine drug that is commonly used for treating allergic reactions.
An antiseizure medication that has a strong animal as the beginning of its name.
This drug is a muscle relaxing agent that begins with bac–.
Used for seizures and begins with letter F.
A drug and vitamin used for treating cholesterol problems.
This category of medication ends in -pine
This is a commonly used category for 1st line against hypertension
In the RAAS this is a very potent vasoconstrictor
This category of medications end in -sartan
This term is the change in BP related to position changes
The category of medications in - olol (maybe lol)
This category of diuretic interferes with the sodium-potassium pump thus retaining potassium and excreting sodium
This is another name for Digoxin
This is an electrolyte imbalance that may be associated with thiazides
This is one of the three groups of thiazides according to their duration of action
What is the correct terminology for a medication that decreases the heart rate
This is the name (abbreviation) for a heart rate greater than 150 bpm
This term refers to contractility
The minimum half-life for digoxin
The amount of blood in the left ventricle just before contraction occurs
This is an example of a drug belonging to the Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
This is the classification of angina that is triggered by a predictable degree of activity
What is the pharmacological action of dexamethasone?
Should be used in combination with a glucocorticoid or a serotonin antagonist to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting
This drug can be adminstered PO, IM, or IV and is primarily used for nausea and vomiting related to surgery or other treatments.
Which patient would you not want to give Aprepitant: pt with seizures, diabetic, or liver failure
Which med can cause prolonged QT interval and can lead to serious dysrhythmia?
Is Aprepitant safe for children?
MOA: Lowers surface tension of the stool to allow penetration of water
What is the therapeutic use of Docusate Sodium?
For this drug, we use low dose for painful elimination of stool, and large doses for colon surgery or diagnostic testing
True or False: Administration of Magnesium Hydroxide can lead deficient levels of magnesium
OSMOTIC diuretics can cause_____________.
In addition to stool softeners/laxatives, the nurse should encourage the patient to eat a diet high in ____________.
How would you know the laxative was effective? The patient had a _____________________.
This is the MOA for what drug class: Activates opioid receptors to decrease intestinal motility and to increase the absorption of fluid and sodium in the intestine
Antidiarrheal medications are pregnancy category C. Would they contraindicated?
For Administration of Antidiarrheals: nurses should educate patient to drink something with electrolytes and no ___________.
The MOA of ____________ is activating the vomiting center to expel gastric contents and causes increase of upper Gi motility, increasing peristalsis.
Which drug is a prokinetic agent? Metoclopramide, Ondansetron, Docusate
True or False: Metoclopramide is contraindicated in GI bleed, seizures, and those at risk EPS(such as elderly and young children)
This drug is approved only for female clients who suffer from IBS/D that has lasted more than 6 months
What would you not want to give with Alosetron because it will decrease the levels and therapeutic effects?
What is the drug of choice for women who struggle daily with IBS/C?
As a nurse, what should instruct your patient to do when taking the medication, Lubiprostone to decrease nausea?
5-Amino Salicylates MOA is it decreases ________________ by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis?
Which of these is not a use for 5-aminosalicyates? nausea, IBS, Crohn's disease, ulcerative cholitis
Which of these is not a contraindication for 5-Aminosalicylates? pregnancy, sensitivity to sulfanomides, thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, and salicylates,
With a patient taking a probiotic and an antibiotic; how long should the nurse instruct her patient to take these apart?
Which drug class helps restore the normal flora in the gut?
What drug class is needed to eliminate H. pylori bacteria?
Histamine 2 recpetor antagonized that works by blocking H2 receptors to reduce gastric acid and hydrogen ions in the stomach
This Histamine receptor antagonist drug can be given PO or IV: IV is given in acute situations; Cimetidine, Verapamil, and Labetalol
True or False: Ranitidine can be taken with or without food?
A proton pump inhibitor that works by blocking basal and stimulated acid production and inhibits the enzyme that produces gastric acid
Would digoxin levels increase or decrease with omeprazole?
True or FAlse:Inform client they can have pneumonia, osteoporosis, rebound acid hypersecretion, and hypomagnesemia when taking Omeprazole
This is used for a patient suffering from acute duodenal ulcers?
This is the prototype for mucosal protectants
You would not give mucosal protectants in what patients: liver failure, diabetics, pregnancy, and kidney failure
Do not crush or chew tablets of sucralfate, you should ___________- in water.
MOA: neutralized gastric acid by producing neutral salts and inactivated pepsin
Therapeutic use of Misoprostal in relation to GI: is prevention of gastric ____________ in patients taking long term NSAIDS