Controls activity in the cell.
Provides a medium for chemical reactions to take place.
Exports proteins, makes steroids, and destroys toxic substances.
Packages and modifies protein.
Controls what goes in and out of the cell.
Supports and protects the cell.
The site of cellular respiration.
Uses energy from the sun to make food.
Used for storage.
Breaks down food, bacteria, and worn out cell parts for the cell.
An organelle found in plants and algae that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds (sugars) from carbon dioxide and water
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant cells bacteria fungi and some protists; protects the cell and helps maintain its shape
A structure found in animal cells from which microtubules originate and that is important during cell division (contains two centrioles)
The central vacuole is a cellular organelle found in plant cells. It is often the largest organelle in the cell. It is surrounded by a membrane and functions to hold materials and wastes.
A narrow thread of cytoplasm that passes through the cell walls of adjacent plant cells that allows connections between them.
A digestive organelle in eukaryotic cells; contains hydrolytic enzymes that digest engulfed food or damaged organelles
The contents of a eukaryotic cell between the plasma membrane and the nucleus; consists of a semi-fluid medium and organelles; can also refer to the interior of a prokaryotic cell
A cell structure consisting of RNA and protein organized into two subunits and functioning as the site of protein synthesis in the cytoplasm; in the eukaryotic cells the ribosomal subunits are constructed in the molecules
organelle composed of a double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most of a cell's DNA
A bean-shaped organelle that supplies energy to the cell and has its own ribosomes and DNA
The thickest of the three main kinds of fibers making up the cytoskeleton of a eukaryotic cell; a hollow tube made of globular proteins called tubulins; found in cilia and flagella
That portion of the endoplasmic reticulum with ribosomes attached that make membrane proteins and secretory proteins
The portion of the endoplasmic reticulum that lacks ribosomes centrioles/ A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division.
A small cylindrical organelle near the nucleus in animal cells, occurring in pairs and involved in the development of spindle fibers in cell division.
A thin flexible layer around the cells of all living things; it's job is to separate the cytoplasm from the cell's surroundings
A complex of vesicles and folded membranes within the cytoplasm of most eukaryotic cells, involved in secretion and intracellular transport.
Protect and supports a plant cell
Jelly-like substance in the cell that surrounds and supports the organelles
The control center of a cell
DNA found in the nucleus of the cell
Where the assembly of ribosomes begin
Proteins are assembled here
Comes in two forms: smooth and rough
Contains enzymes that break down substances
Saclike storage organelles
Powerhouse of the cell
Network of protein filaments that helps the cell maintain its shape
Located near the nucleus an plays a roll in cell division
Controls what enters and exits the cell
Site of photosynthesis
Long, threadlike structures
Short hair-like structures
Controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell.
Rigid structure which provides support and protection in plant cells.
Manufactures proteins for the cell to use.
Allows plants to make their own food.
Contains DNA and is found in the nucleus.
Jelly-like material the organelles are found in.
Series of canals used to transport materials in the cell.
Packages useful materials
Contain enzymes which break down food and digest wastes and worn out cell parts.
Provides energy for the cell.
Controls all cell activities.
Holds water, food and waste materials.
A specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function, and is usually separately enclosed within its own membrane. Little organs within the cell.
Shaped like a bean, this cell organelle helps take food and manufacture energy from it. It is known as the powerhouse of the cell. The energy it makes is ATP.
An elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll. This is the site of photosynthesis.
The cell's "skeleton" of microtubules which gives it shape, strength, and the capacity for directed movement
The control center of the cell, it contains the hereditary information and carries the instructions for making proteins.
The organelles where proteins are made from the translation of RNA strands.
Jelly-like substance that makes up the matrix of the cell body.
a double-layered membrane that surrounds the cell. Also called the plasma membrane, it regulates what enters and leaves the cell.
known as the garbage men, contains digestive enzymes to breakdown worn out cell parts or destroy foreign invaders
modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion.
membrane system of folded sacs and interconnected channels that serves as a site for protein and lipid synthesis
found in fungi, plants, and bacteria. It surrounds the cell membrane and aids in support and structure of the cell.
They can be used to contain cellular waste, isolate materials that may be harmful to the cell, or hold water for plants. They are very versatile in their function
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The lipid bilayr that forms the outer boundary of the cell
A rigid structure that surrounds the cells of plants and most bacteria
A jelly-like substance that hold the cell organelles together
Known as the "skeleton" of the cell; network of long protein strands in the cytosol that helps support the cell
A system of membranes that modifies and packages proteins for export by the cell
Powerhouse of the cell; produces energy (ATP) from oxygen and sugar (cellular respiration)
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
The organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processes of the cell
An organelle that functions in the synthesis of proteins
Stores water and nutrients for the cell; very large in plant cells
A membrane bound sac that contains materials involved in transport of the cell
An internal membrane system in which components of cell membrane and some proteins are constructed
whip-like tails found in one-celled organisms to aid movement
One of several bodies with a specialized function that is suspended in the cytosol of the cell; small organs
A double membrane that surrounds the nucleus in the cell
The jelly-like fluid that is consistently flowing inside a cell.
An organelle that packags and distributes proteins: it modifies and sends proteins to the correct place within the cell.
An organelle that store water and other excess materials not needed by th cell.
An organelle that makes energy for the cell by breaking down sugars.
An organelle that makes proteins.
A rigid structure that gives support and shape to a cell. Only in plant cells.
A protective layer that overs the cell's surface. It controls the movement of particles in and out of the cell.
An organlls that is responsible for destroying worn or damaged organelles.
An organelle only found in plant and algae cels where photosynthesis takes place (contains cchlorophll).
An organelle made up of folded membranes whose functions include making proteins, lipids, and proccessing other materials.
A web of proteins in the cytoplasm that keeps a cell's mebrane from collasping.
One of the structures in the nucleus that is made up of DNA and protein.
An organelle that contians genetic material.
Inside of the nucleuos where ribosomes are made.
Controls the movement of praticles in and out of the nucleus
A flexible boundary that controls the movemens of substamces into and out of the cell.
A fluid or air-filled cavity or sac.
The relaxed form of DNA in the cell's nucleus.
Projections that aid in locomotion and feding.
The ageuous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, various organelles and particles are suspended.
Cellular structure that regulates what comes in and out of the cell
Makes energy for the cell (the powerhouse)
Digests worn out cell organelles and breaks down food nutrients )suicide sac)
A flat vesicle that collects, modifies, and packages things to leave the cell
The jelly like substance in which organelles float in
The brain of the cell contains all our genetic information (DNA)
Little grains that float inside the cell and on Rough ER, create protein
Surrounds the nucleus and controls what goes in and out
Membrane sac used for storage - much larger in a Plant cell
Folded membrane pathway - makes ribosomes
Folded membrane pathway produces lipids (fats)
Protects and supports plant cells
Coiled up DNA
a strand of DNA wrapped around a protein, and is a building block of all chromosomes.
A single celled organism is called a...
Multi-celled organisms are called ...
"Suit of armor"
"UPS of cells"
Fills the space from the nucleus out to the cell membrane
Tail/whip of a cell
aerobic cellular respiration
Makes Ribosomes/in nucleus
controls what enters and exits the cell
Temporary storage of water, food, or waste
Storage of starch