The Progressive Era was period of widespread social activism and political______.
________ addressed major issues and problems in American society such as urbanization, industrialization and child labor.
______ were journalists and novelists of the Progressive Era who sought to expose corruption in big business and government.
________ antitrust act was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit monopolies.
In 1902 President ________ took J.P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company to court for violating the Sherman Antitrust Act.
_______ Roosevelt served as the 26th president from 1901-1909.
The National Child Labor __________ was established with the goal of abolishing all child labor
The Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat ______ Act were passed to protect the public’s health and welfare.
The ______ Act prohibited discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provided for mediation of railway labor disputes.
The Anthracite ______ Strike of 1902 was one of America's largest industrial strikes and saw President Roosevelt act as a mediator.
The 1913 ______ Reserve Act established the Federal Reserve System
The _____ Antitrust Act revises the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act and bans monopolistic and unfair business practices and affirms the right to go on strike.
The 19th Amendment is passed giving women the right to _____.
NEW YORK CITY
Authors and Journalists that stirred up much of the muck in society.
Gave citizens to hold special election to remove corrupt officials before there term was up.
Opened Hull House as a settlement house in Chicago.
A famous muckraker who published the book 'The Jungle'.
blacks and whites where not able to share public spaces.
court case that legalized segregation
founded the NAACP
photojournalist that exposed living conditions of urban poor
History of Standard Oil author
Founded by Jane Addams in Chicago
Used during Jim Crow to prevent blacks from voting
as long as facilities were equal they could be separate is known as
Founded to challenge Jim Crow laws in the courts
allows citizens to vote to increase taxes for new programs
allows voters to place an issue on a ballot for vote
required financial assistance if injured on the job
Set strict terms on the age and jobs allowed for minors
fire that killed 145 workers and created the need for safety regulations
progressive president and conservationist
National Forrest created under Roosevelt
school of conservation led by John Muir--man is the intruder
Teddy Roosevelt's approach to the environment
corruption in city politics--Boss Tweed
Big Business created these to build power and wealth
A group of political and social reformers from 1890-1920
Railroad joined in 1869 that linked the nation by railway from the east to the west.
The last notable armed conflict between US troops and Native Americans, it resulted from an attempt by US soldiers to arrest Chief Sitting Bull.
Law passed in an attempt to assimilate Native Americans to US society by abolishing tribal organizations and dividing up reservations for the purpose of allotting land to individual Native American families.
Invention by Thomas Edison that enabled factories to remain open longer and helped increase US production.
the process of producing goods in large numbers so as to sell more, thereby charging less and still making profit.
Innovative industrialist who revolutionized the auto industry with a more efficient assembly line and mass production techniques that made automobiles more affordable.
Names used to describe businessmen who dominated the railroad industry
Capitalist who made his fortune in oil and founded the nation's first trust in the form of the Standard Oil Company.
A business arrangement under which a number of companies unite into one system, effectively creating a monopoly as it destroys competition.
Markets in which there are only one supplier of a product and no market competition.
Taxes on imports to protect US business.
Producing so much of a product that the prices fall and producers often go bankrupt.
Process of children working as part of the work force.
A tiny island near the Statue of Liberty, it opened in 1892 and became a well known reception center for immigrants arriving by ship.
People coming to the US
RR industry when he extended his New York Central railroad to reach Chicago, Illinois allowing travel from New York to Chicago without changing trains several times.
The first federation of labor unions in the United States
An American union leader and leader of the pullman strike of 1894.
A nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that began in 1894
He was the creator of the American Federation of Labor from 1886-1924
Natural selection to human society or "Survival of the fittest".
Business leaders who gains a personal fortune contributed positively to the country in some way.
Businessman who was accused of using unscrupulous methods to expand his wealth.
Monopoly is the control of specific person or enterprise on a supply of particular commodity.
A short-lived political party in the United States established in 1891 during the Populist movement that emerged to represent the working class at the national level.
A law proposed in 1890 by that made it illegal to create monopolies or trusts that restrained free trade.
US industrialist who was considered as a captain of industry who gained a fortune in the steel industry and donated millions of dollars for the benefit of the public.
An American oil industry business magnate and industrialist considered as a robber baron who increasingly touted the morality of business.
Organizations of workers who join together as a group to bargain with the owners of the businesses that employ them.
Law that made it illegal for Chinese workers to come to America.
Run-down and often overcrowded apartment house, especially in a poor section of a large city where most immigrant workers settled.
In Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S.
In San Francisco bay there was a place where chinese immigrants were detained and interrogated.
A very corrupt organization formed in New York City.The organization controlled everything from votes, judicial corruption and millions of contracts.
A group of people coming together and standing for the same reason. For example, Amongst immigrants to get housing.
When a lot of immigrants came to the United States at the same time
An essay that claimed hat Industrialization rose everyone’s standard of living, but it also increased the gap between the wealthy and the poor and that the wealthy class should return some of their wealth to their community.
(Immigrant) Children were being used to work in dangerous conditions that stunted their development to gain money for their family and payed less.
Because labor was now being done by machines, big corporations were hiring more unskilled people for lower wages.
When a company merges with another company that generally do the same service or product to expand.
when a company broadens their control over a certain industry’s whole supply chain to expand.
Several workers were killed by the police. The next day there was a bombing at a peaceful convention of labor strikers wanting an 8-hour day.
an economic system where business transactions are separate from government intervention. As a result during the Great Depression, the workers were taken advantage of like receiving lower pay, and dangerous working conditions.
The dislike or prejudice against foreign people.
Favoritism towards the native-born.
A immigration station in New York City
A immigration station in San Francisco
People of different cultures and races blended together by their language
growth of cities
Multifamily urban dwellings
houses used for immigrants and workers
illegal political influence for personal gain
Head of Tammany Hall
giving government jobs to people who had helped a candidate get elected
designed to move people along fixed routes
favoritism towards Native Americans
A member of the Social Gospel Movement
illegal use of one's official position to obtain property
A serious crime
Grandson of William Harrison
A movement that taught salvation to the poor
A candidate that won president in the Democratic Party
Jobs of a government's administration,
A movement designed to assimilate people from wide to dominate cultures
A act that banned Chinese immigration
An alliance of skilled workers in craft unions; concentrated on brea-and-butter issues such as higher wages, shorter hours, and better working conditions.
The use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.
Negotiation of wages and other conditions of employment by an organized body of employees.
A labor union of people of the same skilled craft.
A series of laws passed in western states of the United States after the American Civil War to regulate grain elevator and railroad freight rates and rebates and to address long- and short-haul discrimination and other railroad abuses against farmers.
The process of a company increasing production of goods or services at the same part of the supply chain.
a labor union composed of workers in various trades and crafts within one industry.
The labor union of the late 1800s composed mostly of highly skilled craft unions unwilling to sacrifice for unskilled workers easily replaced by scabs during a strike
A theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
A person who works or is employed in place of others who are on strike, thereby making the strike ineffectual.
On March 25, 1911 was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of the city, and one of the deadliest in US history.
The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
A contract between a worker and an employer in which the worker agrees not to remain in or join a union.