Matter that always has the exact same composition.
Substances that can't be broken down into simpler substances.
Extremely small amount of a substance that can't be broken down.
Substances that are made from two or more simpler substances.
Substance that is made by mixing two or more substances together.
(windshield wiper fluid) substance with large particles.
(muddy water) Heterogeneous mixture that separates over time.
(milk) substance with medium or intermediate sized particles.
Characteristics that can be observed or measured without changing the composition of a materials substance.
Tendency of a liquid to keep from flowing.
Materials ability to allow heat to flow.
The ability of a solid to be hammered without shattering.
Changes from a solid to a liquid.(melts)
Changes from a liquid to a gas. (boils)
The process that separates materials based on the size of their particles.
The process that separates substances in a solution based on boiling points.
Occurs when some properties of a material change.
The ability to produce change in the composition of matter.
ability a material has to burn during the presence of oxygen.
Property that describes how a substance combines chemically with other substances.
When a substance reacts and forms one or more new substances.
Any solid that separates from a liquid mixture.
State of matter where materials have a definite shape and a definite volume
Material that has a definite volume but not a definite shape.
State of matter where a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
Energy an object has due to its motion.
Summarizes a pattern found in nature (Ch 1)
The symbol "k" stands for ___ on the conversion ladder (Ch 1)
Phase Change: solid to gas (Ch 3)
Phase change: gas to liquid (Ch 3)
Phase change: liquid to solid (Ch 3)
Phase change: solid to liquid (Ch 3)
Has no definite shape or volume (Ch 3)
Has no definite shape but as definite volume (Ch 3)
Has definite shape & volume (Ch 3)
Separating mixtures based on particle size (Ch 2)
Separating mixtures based on boiling points (Ch 2)
Contains particles that never settle (Ch 2)
Mixture with particles that settle (Ch 2)
Oxygen, Chlorine, Mercury, & Sodium are examples of ___ (Ch 2)
SI unit for length (Ch 1)
A __ change forms one or more new substances (Ch 2)
Made from 2 or more simpler substances (Ch 2)
Always has the same composition (Ch 2)
The ratio of an object's mass to its volume (Ch 1)
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter (Ch 1)
cannot be separated into simpler substance by physical or chemical means
substance with only one type of particle
element that is shiny and conducts heat and electricity
element that conducts heat and electricity poorly
element with properties of metals and nonmetals
substance made up two or more different elements bonded together
substances that are not chemically combined
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed
in a solution, the substance that dissolves in the solvent
in solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves
process where particles septa and spread evenly throughout mixture
able to dissolve
unable to dissolve
measure of amount of solute dissolved in a solvent
ability of one substance to dissolve in another
mixture where particles are large enough to settle out
mixture where particles can scatter light
element we breathe in to survive
metal used to make rings
metal used to wire homes
metal used to make quarters and dimes
state of matter where particles are packed tight but vibrate
state of matter of the sun
state of matter definite volume and particles can flow
state of matter particles bouncing off each other
resistance to flow
The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and a definite volume
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape
The state of matter in which ba material has neither a definite shape or a definite volume
The energy an object has due to it's motion
A result of force distibuted over an area
A temperature of zero Kelvins
The direct proportion of the volume of a gas to it's temperature if it is constant
The inverse relationship between volume and gas
A reversable physical change that occurs when a substanve changes states of matter
A description of change in which a system absorbs energy from it's surroundings
The energy a substance must absorb into change from solid to liquid
A description of change in which a system releases energy to it's surroundings
The phase change in which a substance changes from liquid to gas
The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from solid to liquid
The process that changes a substance from liquid to gas based on temperature
The pressure caused by the collisions of particles in a vapor with the walls of a container
The phase change in which a substance changes from a gas or vapor to a liquid
The phase change in which a substance changes from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first
The phase change in which a gas or vapor changes directly into a solid without first changing into a liquid
anything that has mass and takes up space
A particle that contains more than one atom joined together
the particular temperature for each substance at which it changes state from a solid to a liquid
A physical combination of two or more substances that are blended together without forming new substances
A particle in the space outside the nucleus of an atom that carries one unit of negative charge
A particle in the nucleus of an atome that has no electric charge.
A particle in the nucleus of an atom that has one unit of positive electric charge
A mixture of substances that are blended so completely that they mixure looks the same everywhere.
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any other substances
Any substance that is formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements and acts like a single substance
A measure of how much space an object takes up
One of the three forms that matter can take: solid, liquid, gas
the force of gravity between earth and an object
a dense structrue inside the center of a cell
a measure of how tightly packed the matter in an object is
the particular temperature for each substance at which it changes state from a liquid to a gas
the temperature at which a substance changes state from a liquid to a solid
a form of matter that has a definite shape and and takes up a definite amount of space
a form of matter that does not take up a definite amount of space and has no definite shape
a form of matter that takes up a definite amout of space but does not have a definite shape
to pass heat through a material while the material stays in place
to prevent heat from passing through
how something smells
the measure of how long something is
a change of matter in size, shape, or state without any change in identity
a change of matter that occurs when atoms ling together in a new way, creating a new substance different from the original substance
a new substance produced by a chemical change
an original substance at the beginning of a chemical reaction
State of matter with a definite shape and a definite volume.
State of matter with an indefinite shape and a definite volume.
State of matter that has an indefinite shape and an indefinite volume (example: air).
State of matter with an indefinite shape and indefinite volume (example: stars).
Anything that has mass and volume.
The amount of space that something takes up.
The amount of matter in something.
Phase change from a solid to a liquid.
Phase change from a liquid to a gas.
Phase change from a solid directly to a gas.
Phase change from a gas to a liquid.
Phase change from a liquid to a solid.
The building blocks of matter.
The energy of motion is ______ energy.
To change from a solid to a liquid, add thermal _____.
Solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas are all ____/phases of matter.
When heat is added to a substance, the particles move _________.
________ of matter are characteristics that describe matter.
Measure the volume of liquids from the bottom of their _____.
A ____ property can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the object.
A ____ property describes an object's ability to change into a new, different substance.
An object's ability to burn.
A comparison of the mass and volume of an object.
A physical property describing an object's ability to flatten into a thin sheet.
An object's ability to be drawn into a thin wire.
The ability to dissolve into another substance.
A liquid's resistance to flow.
The amount of space something takes up.
The amount of mass per unit of volume.
Particles are very close together.
When a solid turns into a gas
The property of a substance that is observed during a chemical change.
Matter cannot be created or destroyed however matter can change forms, says this law.
The amount of matter in an object.
The transfer of thermal energy through particles of matter that are in direct contact.
The transfer of thermal energy by electromagnetic waves.
Has definite volume but no definite shape.
Something that can flow freely and mix together easily.
Particles collide very often
A type of mixture in which the substances are not evenly mixed
A mixture of hot ions and electrons
Features of all matter that can be observed and measured without changing the chemical composition of the substance.
A type of mixture in which the substances are evenly mixed.
The transfer of thermal energy by the motion of fluids.
capable of being attracted by or acquiring the properties of a magnet
Matter that can vary in composition
The amount of mass in something.
a homogeneous mixture of gases
the smallest particle of an element that still has the properties of the element
a homogeneous mixture of metals primarily copper and zinc
a chemical change when something reacts rapidly with oxygen
a force which a liquid exerts upward on objects
tarnishing is an example of this type change
a form of carbon, it is an unrenewable source of energy
Milk is an example of this type mixture. This type mixture can scatter light.
What matter is made of. It is fixed for a pure substance
A pure substance made up of two or more elements chemically combined
Changing of a vapor into a liquid
For water to condense, the temperature must _______________.
A chemical reaction when a material begins to breakdown into simpler substances
Mass divided by volume, this is a physical property
A chemical reaction when matter starts breaking down.
As a liquid is heated, it changes from a liquid to a vapor
Energy fuels which are not renewable
A physical change when liquid slowing changes to a vapor
Energy is converted to this when magnets rotate in a generator
A pure substance made up of only one type atom
When water freezes it _____________
A colloid composed of dust particles and water droplets
The heat required to convert a solid to a liquid is called the Heat of ________________
To ____________ is to convert a liquid to a solid
This from of matter has particles moving very rapidly, has no definite shape and no definite volume
A heterogeneous mixture when several types of rock present
A mixture in which you can see the various parts
A mixture such as a solution where everything looks the same
As temperature increases, the kinetic energy of the molecules __________________.
As kinetic energy increases, the _______________________________ increases
A temperature increase indicates a/an _____________________ in kinetic energy
The energy of motion
A solid _______ when heat is added, turning into a liquid
The source of geothermal heat
the source of solar energy
a homogeneous liquid
a state of matter with moderately fast moving particles and no definite shape
One of the two types of matter, It is not chemically combined and does not have a definite fixed comnposition
The smallest particle of a compound
Per the Kinetic Molecular Theory, particles are in constant _____________
When matter reacts with oxygen it is said to ____________________
Another nonrenewable fuel
Changes which do not produce a new substance
When iron reacts with oxygen , this chemical change is called ________________
A chemical change occurs when wood _______
A compound containing sodium and chlorine
a heterogeneous mixture
A state of matter where the particles are very close together and move very slowly
A physical property defined as the quantity of matter present.
If this word is used, it will always result in a chemical change
a homogeneous mixture
To change directly from a solid to a vapor
The heat added to change a liquid to a vapor id heat of _________________
The effect of shining a light through a colloid or suspension
Another name for a gas
This liquid expands when it freezes
the resistancce of a liquid to flowing
the amount of space matter occupies
a solid less dense than water will ___________
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The amount of matter an object contains.
Matter that has a uniform and definite composition.
A quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the substance’s composition.
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume.
A form of matter that flows has a fixed volume, and takes the shape of its container.
A form of matter that takes both the shape and volume of its container.
Describes the gaseous stat of a substance that is generally a liquid or solid at room temperature.
A change in which alters a given material without changing its composition.
A physical blend of two or more substances.
A type of mixture that is not uniform in composition.
A type of mixture that has a completely uniform composition.
Another name for homogeneous mixtures.
Any part of a system with uniform composition and properties.
In which a liquid is boiled to produce a vapor that is then condensed again to liquid.
The simplest forms of matter that can exist under normal laboratory conditions.
Substances that can be separated into simpler substance only by chemical means.
One- or two- letter that represent an element.
A reaction in which one or more substances change into new substances.
The starting substances in a chemical reaction.
The substance formed in a chemical reaction.
The ability of a substance to undergo a chemical reaction and to form new substances.
In any physical change or chemical reaction, mass is neither created nor destroyed; it is conserved.
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The amount of matter a substance contains
The amount of space a substance takes up
Any material that has mass and takes up space
The ratio of mass to volume of an object; how tightly packed a substances particles are
matter that has a fixed shape and a fixed volume
matter that has definite volume but no definite shape; takes the shape of its container
matter that has no definite shape or volume; expands to fill its container
The gaseous state of a substance that is normally liquid or solid at room temperature
a change in which only the appearance or form of matter changes and not its chemical properties
a change in matter in which the arrangement of atoms are changed and an entirely new substance is formed
A composition of two or more substances that are not chemically combined with each other and are capable of being separated.
any combination of substances that has uniform composition and properties; a mixture that is uniform throughout
any combination of substances that does not have uniform composition and properties; a mixture of physically distinct substances with different properties
A mixture in which particles of one or more substances (the solute) are distributed uniformly throughout another substance (the solvent)
process of separating a mixture of a solid and a liquid
process for separating two liquids based on the boiling points of both liquids
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means
A substance consisting of atoms or ions of two or more different elements in definite proportions joined by chemical bonds; cannot be physical separated
The amount of matter in a solid, liquid, or gas.
The amount of matter in a given volume.
Any solid, liquid, gas that has mass and can take up space.
When a solid, liquid, or gas changes state.
The amount of space an object can take up.
A physical combination of two or more substances that are blended together without forming a new substance.
A mixture of substances that are blended so completely that the mixture looks the same everywhere.
The process of separating the parts of a mixture by evaporation or condensation.
A substance that can attract and repel
It is when a particle leaves a liquid and turns into a gas
A substance that is dissolved by another substance to form a solution.
A substance that dissolves one or more other substances to form a solution.
A change of matter in size, shape, or state without change in identity
The process of changing directly from a solid to gas without first becoming a liquid.
It is when a solid turns into a liquid.
The particular temperature for a substance at which it changes state from a liquid to a gas.
The maximum amount of substance that can be dissolved by another substance
It is when a liquid turns into a solid when temperature changes.
The contraction of matter caused by a change in heat
The expansion of matter caused by a change in heat.
A type of mixture in which the particles of one material are scattered through another and block the passage of light without settling out.
a measure on how gravity pulls on an object
A substance that is formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements and that acts like a single substance.
A change in matter that occurs when atoms link together in a new way, creating a new substance different from the original substance.
A solid formed by a chemical.
A substance at the end of a chemical reaction of two substances.
The upward push of a liquid or gas on an object.
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into any simpler substance through chemical reactions.
The smallest unit of an element that retains the properties of that element.
Any group of elements that conducts heat and electricity, has a shiny luster, and is flexible.
A particle in the space outside the nucleus of an atom that carries one unit of negative charge.
A particle in a nucleus of an atom that has no net electric charge.
The center of an atom that has the most of its mass.
A particle within the nucleus of an atom that carries one unit of positive electric charge.
A particle that contains more than one atom joined together.
A solution of a metal and and at least one other solid which is often also a metal.