The particles in a liquid move __________ when energy is added.
A state of matter with a definite shape and volume.
Gas does not have a _____________ shape or volume.
The particles in a solid move ___________ than those in a liquid.
The change from liquid to gas.
Both a liquid and a gas take the shape of their ______________.
The state of matter where forces of attraction are the weakest.
Steam boils out of water because its particles gain this.
The state of matter that results from condensation.
The opposite of evaporation.
When a solid changes directly into a gas.
This happens during the phase change from solid to liquid.
_________ is the total energy of moving particles in matter.
Frost on leaves are an example of ___________________.
Gas can be _______________ unlike solids and liquids.
The states of matter can also be called _____________________.
Adding energy ____________ the attraction between particles.
Making ice cube trays is a process of ____________________.
Adding energy or removing energy causes a ___________ in states of matter.
When particles move faster and further apart due to the addition of heat, the volume is said to _________________.
_________________ is when lower temperature causes particles to move slower and come closer together, decreasing their volume.
An explanation for why things work or how things happen.
_____________ is the measure of average energy of moving particles in matter.
Heat is transferred by movement of a heated fluid such as air or water.
__________________ is the transfer of heat energy through solids.
The amount of space something takes up is called _____________.
Tiny bits of matter are called?
Particles are very close together
Particles are close together but can move
Particles are far apart from each other
All particles have e________
Term when a solid changes to a liquid
Term when a liquid changes to a solid
Term when a liquid changes to a gas
Term when a gas changes to a liquid
When melting or boiling happens particles _____ energy
When freezing or condensation happens particles _____ energy
Movement of particles from a high concentration to a low concentration is called?
The forces between the particles in a solid are s______
The forces between the particles in a gas are w_____
tendency of a mineral to break evenly along its weakest plane
tendency of a mineral to breaks unevenly or irregularly.
ability of a mineral to resist being scratched.
formed when magma have cooled down
quality and intensity of reflected light exhibited by the mineral
are formed when rocks change their original shape and form due to intense heat or pressure.
a naturally occurring inorganic solid, with a definite chemical composition, and an ordered atomic arrangement
composed of one type of mineral only
composed of more than one type of mineral.
an aggregate of one or more minerals.
- used to determine the hardness of the mineral through its ability to scratch another mineral.
are formed by the accumulation of other eroded substances
The ratio of the density of the mineral to the density of water.
the color it displays in finely powdered form.
test used to determine streak of a mineral.
a process in which rocks are continuously transformed between the three rock types igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.
is the molten or semi-molten natural material from which all igneous rocks are formed.
a to repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks.
the second most abundant mineral in Earth's continental crust
a phase transition where a liquid turns into a solid when its temperature is lowered below its freezing point.
The ability to move things or change things
The energy of moving things
The energy stored in something when it is lifted up
The energy stored in something when it is bent or stretched
The energy of electric charges
Potential energy stored in the chemical bonds of materials
Energy that travels in waves. An example is light
The tiny bits of matter that make up a material or object
The total energy of the moving particles that make up an object
The average energy of the moving particles that make up an object
Thermal energy moving from one place to another
Specific heat A measurement that tells you how much energy is needed to raise the temperature of a material.
The transfer of thermal energy through direct contact
The transfer of thermal energy through the movement of a liquid or gas
The transfer of thermal energy through thermal emission.
the reigon of negative charge surrounding the nucleus
an ion that has more protons then electrons
no overall charges
an atom that gained or has lost an electron
a substance made up of only one type of atom
an alloy of iron and carbon
a surface that repels water
a substance that releases hydrogen iron into an aqueous solution
a substance that releases hydroxide ions
containing more than one atom
one-billionth of a metre
the basic unit in a polymer
a molecule made of repeating units formed into long chains
carbon fibres or polymer fibres embedded in a plastic matrix
a tiny cylinder of of carbon atoms are 100 nm long
a rustless alloy of steel that includes chromium and nickels
a mixture of base metal and small amounts of other metal
the number of protons in a nucleus
a pure substance that is made up of two or more different types of atoms chemically joined
a grid like structure of atoms or ions in which each particle is bounded to all of its neighbouring atoms
shatters if hit
The amount of matter a substance contains
The amount of space a substance takes up
Any material that has mass and takes up space
The ratio of mass to volume of an object; how tightly packed a substances particles are
matter that has a fixed shape and a fixed volume
matter that has definite volume but no definite shape; takes the shape of its container
matter that has no definite shape or volume; expands to fill its container
The gaseous state of a substance that is normally liquid or solid at room temperature
a change in which only the appearance or form of matter changes and not its chemical properties
a change in matter in which the arrangement of atoms are changed and an entirely new substance is formed
A composition of two or more substances that are not chemically combined with each other and are capable of being separated.
any combination of substances that has uniform composition and properties; a mixture that is uniform throughout
any combination of substances that does not have uniform composition and properties; a mixture of physically distinct substances with different properties
A mixture in which particles of one or more substances (the solute) are distributed uniformly throughout another substance (the solvent)
process of separating a mixture of a solid and a liquid
process for separating two liquids based on the boiling points of both liquids
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means
A substance consisting of atoms or ions of two or more different elements in definite proportions joined by chemical bonds; cannot be physical separated
Another word for solution
Chemical combination of 2 or more different elements
Remains the same no matter how much of a substance is present
Alters the physical properties of a substance but does not change its composition
Substance that can not be broken down in simpler substances by physical or chemical means
Form of matter that flows to conform to the shape of its containers entire volume, and its easily compressed
Separation technique that produces pure solid particles of a substance from a solution that contains the dissolved substance
Physically separate most homogeneous mixture based on the differences in the boiling points of the substances involved
Form of matter that flows, has constant volume, takes the shape of its container
Gaseous state of a substance that is a liquid or a solid at room temperature
States that regardless of the amount a compound of the same elements in the same portion by mass
Has a uniform and unchanging composition
Own definite shape and volume is in compressible, and expands only slightly when heated
Uniform mixture that may contain solids, liquids, or gas
Involving one or more substances changing into new substance also called chemical reaction
Used to separate the components of a mixture based on the tendency of each component to travel or be drawn across the surface of another material
Physical properties such as mass, length, and volume
Doesn’t have a uniform composition. Individual substance remain distinct
Used a porous barrier to separate a solid from a liquid
All matter naturally exists on earth most commonly as a solid, a liquid, or a gas