what is it called when you used gloves or aprons?
what is hand flexibility ?
how many sterilization processes are there?
what is something you inherit at a young age?
what is something you learn over time?
what skin condition is contagious ?
what skin contagious is non contagious?
what is a hazard?
what is a hazard that isn't dealt with immediately ?
what process kills of bacteria and its spores
what is the control of substances hazards to health
what colour are most coshh signs?
Does sanitisation kill off bacteria as well as the spores?
State one example of disinfection?
State one example of disinfection
the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products
the process of destroying all bacteria
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium
an area for a pathogen to live and develop
acquired or occurring in a hospital
requires oxygen to live
can live and develop without oxygen
human immunodeficiency virus
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
hepatitis b virus
organisms invisible to the naked eye
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease
a microorganism that cannot cause disease
a disease that can transmitted
a route where a pathogen can leave its host
This method kills all germs and spores
This method kills some bacteria but not spores
Term for cleansing nail prior to polish applicaton
Name for the part of the nail that is filed, shaped and bevelled
This tool is used to remove dry/dead skin from the feet
A cuticle knife should be used on a wet nailplate to avoid this
Disposable item used to ease back the cuticles
Part of the nail where cells develop
Term used to describe a treatment for the feet
Term used to describe a treatment of the hands/nails
Used during a manicure to add heat
Treatment Time for a Luxury Manicure/Pedicure
Avoid this movement when filing the nails to avoid splitting
Specialist Treatment involving the use of melted wax
Use this product to reduce ridges on the nail plate
Use this tool with buffing paste to smooth out nail plate ridges
Use this type of polish remover on natural nails
Term used for removing wisps from free edge of nail
This product must be totally removed to avoid soreness of the cuticle
Nail Condition - Soreness, Puss, Redness around cuticle walls
Nail Condition - Small white flecks on nail plate
Fungal Nail Infection of the Feet
Viral infection - usually found on fingers
This condition occurs when the nail on the foot presses into the skin
Term used to describe the spreading of bacteria
Use this equipment to sterilise metal tools
Use this solution to store metal tools during use to control bacteria
Use this tool to shorten long nails before filing
This term describes an effect that happens during or after a manicure/pedicure
Something that makes a place or substance no longer suitable for use
The process that completely destroys all microbial life including spores
Chemical germicides for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA
Chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces
Chemical that destroys fungus
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria,fungi,and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings
What level disinfectants are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
Created as a part of the U.S Department of Labor to regulate and enforce saftey and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
Chemical that destroys viruses
Mode of Transmission
Chain of Infection
Portal of Entry
Portal of Exit
Living orgnisms invisible to the naked eye
Study of viruses
Study of fungi
Requires oxygen to grow
Grows in an oxygen free environment
Bacteria that grows with or without oxygen
Microorganisms capable of producing disease
Harmless microorgnisms with their normal environment
Shape of Coccus
Rod shape bacteria
Formed under conditions of nutritional depletion, capable of surviving adverse conditions
Smaller than bacteria and are completely reliant on the host cell for survival
Reside on the surface of the skin and are easily removed by washing
Live in the cracks and crevices of the skin
Apparently healthy person who harbors and can transmit a pathogenic organism
Soiled by a microorganism
Particle of moisture which carries microorganisms
Special percautions taken to prevent transmission of microorganisms from specific body substance
Severe toxic febrile state resulting from infection with Pyogenic microorganism
Free of microorganisms and spores
E Coli is an example of what type of flora
An aerobic gram-positive bacilli
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa is an example of an aerobic gram-____ bacilli
Clostridium _____ is an example of an anaerobic gram-positive bacteria
This is transmitted through percutaneous or permucous in blood, serum, and other body fluids
Coexists with Hepatitis B
This can normally be found in the oral cavity, digestive tract and vagina
These are hospital acquired infections that occur in about 35% of all surgical patients
Most postoperative infections result from seeding by this type of microorganism
What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration?
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products?
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic?
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________.
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen.
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus.
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism?
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS).
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body.
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact.
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts?
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism?
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection.
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed?
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces?
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label.
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution.
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area.
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______.
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde.
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces.
Requires manufacturers to provide and MSDS
What is an MSDS?
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
An item made from a material that has no pores or openings, and cannot absorb liquids
Breaks down films and removes the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
Single-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics
Assuming all blood and body fluids are potential sources of infection
The ability to produce and effect
A form of formaldehyde, has a high pH, and damages the skin and eyes
A process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans
List the FOUR ideal living conditions for bacteria (alphabetical order)
Division of cells
Binary fission creates
Harmless organisms that may perform useful functions
A type of fungi that is not harmful to people in the salon
Resembles a string of beads, causes strep throat and blood poisoning
Spiral-shaped, causes syphilis
Most common type of bacteria
Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism
Grows in pairs and causes pneumonia
a tpye of food hazard that includes hair, fingernails and metal fragments
a world renound Food Safety System developed by NASA
you cant always smell, see or taste this in some foods
foods that are high risk from food poisioning bacteria , are said to be P_______ H__________ foods
a type of biological food poisioning bacteria , found in the gut of animals
transfer of bacteria from one place to another in food preparation areas
this practice is better than a cure
temprature D______, Z______
These can be chemical , phsyical or biological
reduce bacteria to an accetpable level, through heat or chemical methods
remove visiable dirt or grime
enviromental health officers check that food premises are S____
is important to wash your _______ between jobs in the kitchen and in the bar
hard to kill bacteria that can stand high tempratures , require 120 c to kill
To provide proper conditions for growth and development
Easily affected or changed by heat
An item that comes in contact with intact skin but not mucous membranes
A hard, hick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains ony the essential parts of the protoplasmof the bacterial cell
An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system
An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure
An agen that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil
An item that comes in contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes
The articles that are being sterilized
An agen used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores (usually applied to inanimate objects)
A sheet that provides information rearding a chemical and its hazards, and measures to take to avoid injury and illness when handling the chemical
A process to remove organic matter from an article and to lower the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements
The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores
Any chemical thatis classified as a health or physical hazard
A type of disinfection process that destroys all microorganisms with the exception of bacterial spores
A type of disinfection process that inactivates tubercle bacilli (the causative agents of tuberculosis), all vegetative bacteria, most viruses, and most fungi, but it does not kill bacterial spores
A type of disinfection process tht kills most bacteria, some viruses, and some fungi, but it cannot be relied on to kill resistant microorganisms, such as tubercle bacilli, and it cannot kill bacterial spores.
The first step in the sterilization process
Suffix meaning surgical restoration
Inanimate objects that can transmit bacteria are called
Enzyme that breaks down protein
An automated washers' key source of disinfection
The use of heat to kill all microorganisms, except spores is called ___________ disinfection.
The weakest part of a steam sterilizer is the
Permissible exposure levels for low-temperature sterilization methods are established by the (Acronym)
When patient equipemtn enters a healthcare facility, it must be checked by a ____________ technician before it is cleared for patient use.
All patient care equipemtne that was dispensed for use must be condisdered __________ and handled as such, regardless of appearance.
The most important factor necessary for teamwork.