main source of energy
sugar the occurs naturally in fruits
that occur naturally in grains
that occur naturally in milk
complex carbohydrates are made up of large molecules of
the main source of carbohydrates is
are extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods
eating foods that are high in refined sugars
in the form of rice,paste,and bread products
such as peas and lentils
consuming large amount of these foods can lead to
that leads to sugar highs and lows
proteins are made of chains of chemical building blocks
helps form the protective coverings around
around vital organs such as the heart and liver
your body needs iron to build
there are types of proteins complete and
complex carbohydrates are broken down into two subcategories starches and
such as potatoes and corns that can be found in starches
fiber consist of plant material
there are two kinds of dietary soluble and
this bulk helps to move food through the large intestine,promoting regular
that provides for the body heat and
that promotes healthy and normal cell growth
carries vitamins A,D,E and K in the body
Organic compounds build from monosaccharides, containing mostly carbon and water
Monomer of carbohydrates. Smallest sugars. Glucose, Fructose, Galactose
Combination of two monosaccharide sugars. Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose
Long chain of monosaccharides joined together. Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose, Chitin
Simple sugar used to make energy. C6H12O6
Monosaccharide found in fruit
Table sugar. Glucose + Fructose
Sugar foundi n milk. Glucose + Galactose
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Energy storage in plants
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers. Short term energy storage in animals
Polysaccharide containing thousands of glucose monomers arranged to give structure to plants. Not digestible by humans
Polysaccharide that makes up the exoskeleton of Arthropoda and found in the cell wall of some fungi and algae
Biomolecule that is insoluble in water. Fats, Phospholipids, and Steroids
Primary form of fat in foods and your body. Long term energy storage.
Main component of cell membranes. Similar to a triglyceride, except a fatty acid is replaced with a polar head
Class of lipids that contains hormones and cholesterol
Chain of carbons and hydrogen sulfide that make up fats and phospholipids
Backbone of fats and phospholipids
Type of fats that have a hydrogen attached to every carbon. Unhealthy fat
Type of fats that have at least one double bond between two carbons. Healthier fat
Structural component of cell membranes, and a precursor to some hormones
Primary male hormone responsible for regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics
Primary female hormone responsible for development and regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics
A primary female hormone involved in mentruation and pregnancy
Enzyme that digests fat
Lipids that are liquid at room temperature
The starches and sugars present in foods which are made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, which are used to store energy for the body.
An indigestible complex carbohydrate that is found in the tough, stringy parts of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
The amount of energy required by the body to maintain minimum essential life functions.
Nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues which are made of long chains of molecules called amino acids.
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
A fatty substance that does not dissolve in water.
Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.
The long stiff fibers that make up the walls of plant cells which are made of long chains of glucose (sugar) molecules linked together.
The kinds and amounts of food and drinks a person usually consumes (eats & drinks).
The total of all the chemical reactions an organism needs to survive. The process of chemical digestion and its related reactions.
The Nutrition Label helps you determine the amount of calories and nutrients in one serving of food.
Special carbohydrates that are found in foods like rice, wheat, corn, potatoes, and peas.
Specific chemical compounds which are the building blocks of proteins.
When the amount of calories you consume is EQUAL to the amount of energy calories your body uses during activity during a day.
a collective term used to prefer to all the monosaccharides & disaccharides
a carbohydrate made up pf single sugar units.
the body's main source of energy.
it is the body's source of energy.
made up of to sugar units
carbohydrates that are made up of many sugar units.
polysaccharide that is the storage form of energy in plants.
are the nondigestible carbohydrates and lignins that make up the tough, fibrous cell walls of plants.
A lack of or an inability to use the hormone insulin, which results in a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream.
Indigestible polysaccharides that make up the tough, fibrous cell walls of plants.
The body’s storage form of glucose (also known as animal starch).
A chemical produced in the body and released into the bloodstream to regulate specific body processes.
A low blood glucose level.
An indigestible carbohydrate from plants that does not dissolve in water.
A hormone secreted by the pancreas to regulate blood glucose level.
An inability to digest lactose, the main carbohydrate in milk, due to a lack of the digestive enzyme lactase.
A carbohydrate sweetener that is separated from its natural source for use as a food additive.
The feeling of fullness a person has after eating food.
A monosaccharide or disaccharide.
An indigestible carbohydrate from plants that dissolves in water.
A concentrated source of a nutrient, usually in pill, liquid, or powder form.
A polysaccharide, starch and fiber are complex carbohydrates.
are isolated, nondigestible carbohydrates that have beneficial effects in human health.
when food ingredients, such as fiber, are added to provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition the foods are called this.
is a measure of the speed at which various carbohydrates are digested into glucose, absorbed,k and enter the bloodstream.
is the sum of dietary and functional fibers.
common name for grains
a substance produced by the body which also can be found in foods
thickening or soft gel which forms when starches are cooked
elastic substance formed from the protein in flour when the flour is mixed with water
grain or seed from corn, wheat, rice, oats, etc.
substance used to make food light in weight or force food to rise by producing gas
grain products made from a special durum wheat which is high in gluten and adds protein to the diet
bread that doesn't need rising or kneading
cereals cooked and ready for the table
increasing in volume
oats that are cut into two or three pieces instead of being rolled
cereals that require cooking before serving
How many carbohydrates are there
Is a sugar with a single chemical unit
Is a sugar made if two monosaccharides
Is the green pigment in plants and is necessary for photosynthesis
Glucose is also know as
Blank is found in fruits sugar cane and sugar beets
Starches are also known as
Teens need blank-blank grams of dietary fibers per day
Blank is a small part of the human body
Fructose is A highly sweet sugar found in
Type of carbohydrate
Type of carbohydrate
Types are carbohydrate
What is found in fruits vegies and honey
Disaccharide is a sugar made up of glucose and
Blank is a form of carbohydrate that supplies energy in the body
Blank is a sugar made of several monosaccharides
In plants glucose is stored as
Grains and grass seed are rich in
during digestion your body converts carbohydrates to
Blank is found in milk and milk products
What is a the body's main source of energy?
What is the form of carbohydrate that supplies energy to the body?
What do you call a carbohydrate with a simple chemical structure?
What is a carbohydrate with a more complex chemical structure than a sugar?
A sugar that extracted from plants and used to sweeten foods is an _____ _____
What is plant material that can't be digested?
What Carbohydrate requires more work for the body to digest?
A substance that tastes sweet but has few or no calories is called a _____ __________.
A sugar with a single chemical unit is called a...
A sugar made of two monosaccharides is called a...
A ______________ is a sugar made up of several monosaccharides
______________ ia the process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert carbon dioxide and water to oxygen and glucose.
? are plants in the grass family cultivated for their fruits or seeds
? grains produce many small, separate dry fruits called
the ? is the edible, outer layer of the kernel
the ? is the largest part of the kernel, which is made of proteins and starches that supply the plant with food
the ? is the seed that grows into a new plant
some grains are covered with an inedible outer coat called the ?, which is removed after harvesting
? products, including whole-wheat flour and whole-grain breakfast cereal, are made of the entire kernel and so contain most of the original nutrients
? is one of the oldest cereal grains
? is the starchy seed of plants grown in flooded fields in warm climates
? is an Italian word meaning "paste"
pasta includes ?, which is made from durum wheat flour and water
?, which have egg solids added for tenderness
? is bread made with a leaving agent, such as yeast or baking powder
? is any bread that is unleavened, or made without leavenings
? means that the product is made from the whole wheat grain
to cook ? is to cook so that the pasta is firm to the bite, rather than soft and mushy
which type of rice has the highest starch content
which type of rice is the most popular in the United States