Type
Crossword
Description

What is a continuous, directed movement of seawater Ocean currents
What is horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind and that occurs at or near the ocean's surface. Surface currents
What is an inertial force (also called a fictitious force)[1] that acts on objects that are in motion relative to a rotating reference frame. Coriolis Effect
What is MOVEMENT OF WATER LIKE A RIVER IN THE MIDDLE OF OCEAN WATER. Deep Ocean currents
What is The movement of deep, cold, and nutrient-rich water to the surface Upwelling
What is (oceanography) a warm ocean current that flows along the equator from the date line and south off the coast of Ecuador at Christmas time El Niño
what is "Normal" year, easterly trade winds and ocean currents pool warm water in the western Pacific, allowing upwelling of nutrient rich water off the West coast of South America. La Niña
What is a subsurface current that is near shore and that pulls objects out to sea ? Undertow
What is A long high sea wave caused by an earthquake or other disturbance ? Tsunami
What is a current that the sun heats from near the equator and near the poles Convection current
What is Flow of warm, oxygen rich water downward to deeper water Downwelling
What is Largest surface current that transports more water than all rivers on Earth combined in a years time and carries large amounts of heat Gulf Stream

Oceanography Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Warm Atlantic Ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico Gulf Stream
Circular movement of water, causing a small whirlpool Eddy
System of rotating ocean currents Gyres
A rising of sea water Upwelling
A downward movement of sea water Downwelling
Describes the fluctuations in temperature between ocean and atmosphere ENSO Cycle
Strong, narrow current flowing outward from the beach Rip current
Any continuous movement of ocean water Ocean currents
Horizontal flow of water through the ocean Surface current
Wind blowing steadily toward the equator Trade winds
Mass moving in a rotating system Coriolis effect
Wind blowing from the west Westerlies
Is a coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon La Niña
Currents that flow along the bottom of the ocean Density currents

Ocean Currents Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

water nearer the surface becomes more dense and sinks downwelling
upwelling brings up _______ from the deep that producers use to grow nutrients
warm water nearer the surface moves and water moves up to replace it. upwelling
Downwelling provides _____________ to animals deep below the ocean surface. Oxygen
surface currents carry _____ water from the poles. cold
surface currents carry _________ water from the equator warm
A mass of moving water in the ocean oceancurrent
what causes the surface currents of the ocean wind
material that increases the density of water and causes downwelling salt
large landforms that block ocean currents and change their path continents
the type of ocean current that moved the rubber duckies around the world surfacecurrent
the type of ocean current that moves nutrients from deep below the surface deepoceancurrent

Ocean Vocabulary! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

High crested waves that crash near shore. BREAKER
The curving of moving objects from a straight path due to Earth's rotation. CORIOLIS EFFECT
Is the highest point of a wave. CREST
Are stream like movements of ocean water far below the surface. DEEP CURRENT
A periodic change in the location of warm and cool surface waters in the Pacific Ocean. EL NIÑO
Are tides with minimum daily tidal ranges that occur during the first and third quarters. NEAP TIDES
Are tides with maximum daily tidal range that occurs during the new and full moons. SPRING TIDES
Is a local rise in sea level near the shore that is caused by strong winds from a storm, such as a hurricane. STORM SURGE
The area between the breaker zone and the shore. SURF
Stream like movements of water that occurs at or near the surface of the ocean. SURFACE CURRENT
Are rolling waves that move in a steady procession across the ocean. SWELLS
Is the difference between levels of ocean water at high tide and low tide. TIDAL RANGE
Are daily movements of ocean water that change the level of the ocean's surface. TIDES
Is the lowest point of a wave. TROUGH
Are waves that form when a large volume of ocean water is suddenly moved up or down. TSUNAMI
Is a process in which cold, nutrient-rich water from the deep ocean rises to the surface and replaces warm surface water. UPWELLING
The vertical distance between a wave crest and its trough. WAVE HEIGHT
The distance between adjacent wave crests or wave troughs. WAVE LENGTH
Is the time between the passage of two wave crests (or troughs) at a fixed point. WAVE PERIOD
Are white, foaming waves with very steep crests that break in the open ocean before the waves get close to the shore. WHITECAP

Aquatic Ecosystems Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What measures the amount of salts dissolved in water? salinity
Which aquatic layer has enough sunlight for photosynthesis? photic zone
Which aquatic layer is below the the photic zone? aphotic zone
Which aquatic layer is located at the very bottom of a body of water? benthic zone
What is the shallow, near-shore part of the photic zone called? littoral zone
What part of the photic zone is home to a rich amount of invertebrates? limnetic zone
What are the areas of land that are flooded with water for part of the year called? wetlands
What are the areas that are located near a river and are periodically flooded called? flood plain
What forms when freshwater from land drainage meets water from an ocean or inland sea? estuary
What is the vertical flow of cold, nutrient rich water towards the surface of a body of water? upwelling
What transports warm water rich in dissolved gases from the surface of the ocean to the depths of the ocean? downwelling
What are aquatic ecosystems with a salinity of 0.5 to 30 ppt called? brackish
What is an isolated, U-shaped body of water called? oxbow lake

Earth's Oceans Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

deep narrow valleys of the ocean floor trench
large, flat basin area of the ocean floor abysassal plain
underwater mountain ranges with sea-floor spreading mid-ocean ridge
underwater volcano or mountain sea mount
steep drop from the continental shelf to the continental rise is called continental slope
The gently sloping area from the shoreline to the continental slope is called continental shelf
is a sound signal bounced off the ocean floor to measure depth sonar
what percent is the earth covered with water 75
what percent of the earth is covered by land 25
what percent of the earth's water has salt in it 71
what percent of water is fresh water 4
This describes how much salt is in the water salinity
rainfall and river runoff create more or less salinity in water less
ice formation and evaporation make more or less salinity in water more
what is water pressure? force
what is the amount of matter in an object density
is a sound signal used by sea and land creatures echolocation
tides, currents, and waves are types of motion
how are surface currents formed wind
salinity, temperature, and constant movement create what? deep-water currents
a powerful warm, swift moving atlantic ocean surface current that flows along the coast of the eastern US and up over Europe gulf stream
what continent is warmer because of the gulf stream europe
what force creates tides gravity

Ocean Currents and Climate Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the amount of matter in a given space or volume density
a measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a liquid salinity
the apparent curving path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to the Earth's rotation Coriolis Effect
A constantly moving system of deep ocean circulation driven by temperature and salinity Global Conveyor Belt
a stream-like movement of ocean water far below the surface deep current
a horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind and that occurs at or near the ocean's surface surface current
when currents meet continents they change direction continental deflection
winds blowing from the land toward the sea; occur in the evening in coastal areas land breeze
winds blowing from the sea toward the land; occur during the day in coastal areas sea breeze
the side of a mountain that receives great amounts of rainfall due to warm, moist air traveling upward windward
the side of the mountain that receives very little rainfall; the rain shadow leeward
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back; driven by energy from the sun & gravity water cycle
water, driven by the heat of the sun, changes into vapor and rises into the air evaporation
plants open their pores for carbon dioxide and lose water to evaporation transpiration
water vapor cools and changes back into liquid form condensation
water that falls to the earth as rain, snow, sleet, or hail precipitation
ocean currents have a big impact on the _____________ of an area climate
these currents begin near the equator and travel toward the poles warm currents
these currents begin near the poles and travel toward the equator cold currents

El Nino & La Nina Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador, typically in late December. El Nino
a cooling of the water in the equatorial Pacific that occurs at irregular intervals and is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns complementary to those of El Niño, but less extensive and damaging in their effects. La Nina
is the water temperature close to the ocean's surface. The exact meaning of surface varies according to the measurement method used, but it is between 1 millimetre (0.04 in) and 20 metres (70 ft) below the sea surface. Sea Surface Tempature
a wind blowing steadily toward the equator from the northeast in the northern hemisphere or the southeast in the southern hemisphere, especially at sea. Two belts of trade winds encircle the earth, blowing from the tropical high-pressure belts to the low-pressure zone at the equator. Trade Winds
the action or process of precipitating a substance from a solution. rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. Precipitation
a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall; a shortage of water resulting from this. Drought
the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. Climate
the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc. Weather
El Niño (La Niña) is a phenomenon in the equatorial Pacific Ocean characterized by a five consecutive 3-month running mean of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the Niño 3.4 region that is above (below) the threshold of +0.5°C (-0.5°C). Equatorial pacific
the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. Pacific ocean
cover or submerge (a place or area) with water Flooding
a mass of mud and other earthy material that is falling or has fallen down a hillside or other slope. Mudslides
process whereby the degree of hotness of a body (or medium) changes. Tempature Change
a continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by forces acting upon this mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Coriolis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the Sun and Moon.  Ocean Currents
a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, and other pollutants.  Global Warming
describe both warm (El Niño) and cool (La Niña) ocean-atmosphere events in the tropical Pacific as well as the Southern Oscillation the atmospheric component of these phenomena. ENSO
a rising of seawater, magma, or other liquid. Upwelling
abnormal weather pattern that is caused by the warming of the Pacific Ocean near the equator, off the coast of South America. This occurs when the normal trade winds weaken (or even reverse), which lets the warm water that is usually found in the western Pacific flow instead towards the east. Causes of El Nino
large climate disturbances which are rooted in the tropical Pacific Ocean, and occur every 3 to 7 years. They have a strong impact on the continents around the tropical Pacific, and some climatic influence on half of the planet. Effects of El Nino
the process of a liquid changing into a gas. Evaporation
a half of the earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles. a half of the celestial sphere. Hemisphere
something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected Anomoly
a thing predicted; a forecast. Prediction

Oceanography Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a large volume of water flowing in a certain direction. Ocean Current
extend to about 400 m below the surface, and they move as fast as 100 km/day. Surface Current
influence the formation of ocean currents and the direction they move. Prevailing Winds
is a narrow, powerful surface current which flows away from the shore. •It is caused by pressure building up from uneven buildup of water from waves. Rip Current
is the movement of wind and water to the right or left that is caused by Earth’s rotation. Coriolis Effect
is the vertical movement of water toward the ocean’s surface. Upwelling
are a type of vertical current that carries water from the surface to deeper parts of the ocean. Density Current
is a warm-water current that affects coastal areas of the southwestern United States by transferring lots of thermal energy and moisture to the surrounding air. Gulf Stream
is the name for a model of the large system of ocean currents that affects weather and climate by circulating thermal energy around Earth. Great Ocean Conveyor Belt
describes the speed and direction of flow of surface waters at various depths. Starts at 45°. Ekman Spiral
is the overall water movement due to Ekman spiral, is 90º from the wind Ekman Transport
‘push’ surface waters toward the equator Trade Winds
‘push’ suface waters toward the poles Westerlies
are large circular-moving loops of water Gyres
warm surface current in equatorial eastern Pacific that occurs periodically around Christmas time El Niño

oceanography Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what'a a turbid, dense current of sediments in suspension moving along the slope of an ocean called? densty current
what's a continuous, directed movement of seawater called? Ocean Current
whats a strong localized current called? Rip current
What's a water current that extends to depths of 3-10 feet called? Surface current
what's a large system of rotating currents called? Gyre
what's the rising of seawater called? upwelling
what's the sinking of higher density water called? Downwelling
An inertial force. Coriolis force
where density differences result in rising or falling currents. Convection cell
El nino, and La nina are a part of the.... ENSO Cycle
a wind blowing from the west Westerlies
pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics. Trade Winds
wind on the gulff Gulf Winds
cold ocean temperatures La nina

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen