Type
Crossword
Description

avoidable extraneous information on the image that interferes or distracts from image quality artifacts
soft polymer that protects the back of the cassette backing layer
label attached to the cassette or to the imaging plate that identifies the plate for the purpose of matching the examination to the plate barcode label
the number of bits stored per pixel bit depth
rigid plastic housing for the imaging plate cassette
located between the active layer and the support that absorbs the stimulating light but reflects emitted light color layer
reduction of the area of beam that reaches the patient through the use of two pairs of lead shutters collimation
layer of material that will absorb and reduce static electricity conductive layer
movement of the laser along the imaging plate fast scan direction
grid in which the scatter absorbing lead lines are tilted so that, at a distance, the lines will coverage focused grid
number of grid lines per inch grid frequency
ratio of the height of the grid line to the width of the interspace material grid ratio
thin piece of plastic with several layers of material that capture and store image data imaging plate
kilovoltage peak kVp
light amplification of stimulated emission of radiation, a device that creates and amplifies a narrow intense beam of coherent light laser
milliampere-seconds mas
grid line or image noise pattern ; zebra pattern moire
layer of photostimulable phosphor that traps electrons during exposure phosphor layer
area within the phosphor where electrons are trapped phosphor center
detects photostimulable phosphor photodetector
phosphor that produces light when stimulated by light or x-ray photons photostimulable phosphor
thin, tough clear plastic covering the image plate for protection of the phosphor layer protective layer
layer in the imaging plate that sends light in a forward direction when released in the cassette reader reflective layer
failure of an imaging system to record densities quantum mottle
recording error in the digital image quantum noise
used to blacken out the white collimation borders in a digital image shuttering
movement of the imaging plate through the reader ; also known as translation or subscan direction slow scan direction
semirigid material in the imaging plate that gives the imaging sheet some strength support layer

photography Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the natural agent that stimulates sight and makes things visible. Light
a form of electromagnetic (EM) radiation, as are radio waves, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and microwaves. Generally, visible light is defined as the wavelengths that are visible to most human eyes Visible ligt
apparently colorless light, for example ordinary daylight. It contains all the wavelengths of the visible spectrum at equal intensity. White Light
The distance - from peak to peak in a light wave - that determines the color of the light Wavelength
the rate at which a vibration occurs that constitutes a wave, either in a material (as in sound waves), or in an electromagnetic field (as in radio waves and light), usually measured per second. Frequency
a fundamental physical constant that is the speed at which electromagnetic radiation propagates in a vacuum and that has a value fixed by international convention of 299,792,458 meters per second Speed of Light
the light-gathering device of a camera lens
a lens that causes parallel rays (as of light) to come to a focus. converging lens
a lens that causes a beam of parallel rays to diverge after refraction, as from a virtual image diverging lens
a device for recording visual images in the form of photographs, film, or video signals. camera
a camera setting corresponding to a particular f-number f-stop
a space through which light passes in an optical or photographic instrument, especially the variable opening by which light enters a camera. aperture
a device that opens and closes to expose the film in a camera. shutter
the time for which a shutter is open at a given setting. shutter speed
a digital camera combining the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor SLR
the position of a viewed object or the adjustment of an optical device necessary to produce a clear image focus
the distance between the nearest and the furthest objects that give an image judged to be in focus in a camera. depth of field
a room from which normal light is excluded, used for developing photographs. darkroom
a thin flexible strip of plastic or other material coated with light-sensitive emulsion for exposure in a camera, used to produce photographs or motion pictures. film
a light source suitable for use in a photographic darkroom safe light
a light-sensitive coating for photographic films and plates, containing crystals of a silver compound dispersed in a medium such as gelatin. emulsion
The silver crystals that make up an image on a negative or print silver halide
the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales film speed
equal iso
a sealed plastic unit containing a length of audiotape, videotape, film, etc. wound on a pair of spools, for insertion into a recorder or playback device. cassette
an image on an exposed film or print that has not yet been made visible by developing. latent image
a photographic image made on film or specially prepared glass that shows the light and shade or color values reversed from the original, and from which positive prints can be made. negative
a chemical agent used for treating photographic film to make a visible image developer
a bath for stopping the action of a preceding bath by neutralizing any of its chemical still present. stop bath
a substance used for fixing a photographic image. fixer
the chemical sodium thiosulphate (formerly called hyposulphite) used as a photographic fixer. hypo
will reduce wash time, and help eliminate any of the magenta sensitizing dye so you will get nice clear film base. hypo clearing agent
wetting agent, dip your final film into photo flo
cleaning agent such as soap and water water wash
the action of briskly stirring or disturbing something, especially a liquid agitation

Chapter 8 Image Production Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

x-ray photons removed from the x-ray beam as a result of the uptake of their energy by body tissues absorption
reduction in the energy or number of photons in the primary x-ray beam after it interacts with anatomic tissue attenuation
interaction that occurs with low energy x-rays. the incoming photon interacts with the atom, causing it to become excited. the x-ray does not lose energy, but changes direction coherent scattering
scattering that results from the loss of some energy of the incoming photon when it ejects an outer-shell electron from a tissue atom compton effect
the electron ejected from an atom during a scattering event compton electron
an expression of the luminance at the output phosphor divided by the input exposure rate conversion factor
the difference between the x-ray photons that are absorbed photoelectrically versus those that penetrate the body differential absorption
negatively charged plates along the length of the image-intensifier tube that repel the electron stream, focusing it on the small output phosphor electrostatic focusing lenses
the attenuated x-ray beam leaves the patient and is composed of both transmitted and scattered radiation exit radiation
the use of a continuous beam of x-rays to create dynamic images of internal structures that can be viewed on a display monitor fluoroscopy
an expression of the ratio of the number of light photons at the output phosphor to the number of light photons emitted in the input phosphor flux gain
unwanted exposure on the radiographic image that does not provide any diagnostic information fog
during fluoroscopy, the process of creating a brighter visible image image intensification
a device that receives the radiation leaving the patient image receptor
a layer of the image intensifier made of cesium iodide and bonded to the curved surface of the tube itself. absorbs remnant x-ray photon energy and emits light in response input phosphor
the removal of an electron from an atom ionization
the invisible image that exists on the image receptor before it has been processed latent image
the visible radiographic image on the exposed film after processing manifest image
an expression of the degree to which the image is minified from input phosphor to output phosphor minification gain
a layer in the image intensifier that absorbs the electron stream and emits light in response output phosphor
a layer of the image intensifier made of cesium and antimony compounds. these metals emit electrons in response to light stimulus photocathode
the total absorption of the incident photon by ejecting and inner shell electron photoelectric effect
the electron ejected from an atom during a photoelectric interaction photoelectron
the attenuated x-ray beam leaving the patient that is composed of both transmitted and scattered radiation remnant radiation
incoming photons are not absorbed, but instead lose energy during interactions with the atoms composing the tissue scattering
the ejected electron resulting from the compton effect interaction secondary electron
matter per unit volume, or the compactness of the atomic particles composing the anatomic part tissue density
x-ray photons that pass through the body to expose the image receptor transmission
an expression of the ability of an image intensifier tuber to convert x-ray energy into light energy and increase the brightness of the image brightness gain

Earth´s Layers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Cracks in the Earth´s crust Fault
Thickest layer of Earth Mantle
Thinnest layer of Earth Crust
The uppermost part of the mantle Lithosphere
The layer with the most pressure in it Inner Core
The study of planet Earth Geology
The seven great landmasses on Earth Continents
Energy movement to warm to cool object Heat Transfer
Energy transfer through empty space Radiation
Heat transfer by direct particle contact Conduction
Measure of how much mass is in a volume of a substance Density
Heat transfer by movement in fluid Convection
Flow that transfers heat within a fluid Convection Currents
Another name for the ¨supercontinent¨ Pangaea
Process that continually adds material to the ocean floor Sea-floor spreading
Pieces of the lithosphere that have broken into several sections Plates
A place where plates slide past each other Transform boundary
A place where two plates move apart divergent boundary
A place where two plates converge Convergent boundary
A deep valley rift valley

Chapter 38 and 39 Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

radiation protection concept meaning, "As Low as Reasonably Achievable" ALARA
The positive electron in the x-ray tube Anode
basic unit of matter Atom
The negative electrode in the x-ray tube Cathode
x-rays at the center of the beam. Central Ray
difference in degrees of blackness on an image contrast
The portion of the x-ray unit that contains the master switch, indicator light, selection buttons, and the exposure button. control panel
the overall darkness or blackness of an image density
the process of recording images of the teeth and adjacent structures by exposure to x-radiation dental radiography
a filmless method of capturing an image and displaying it by using an image receptor, an electronic signal, and a computer to process and store the image. digital imaging
change in the size of an image caused by incorrect vertical angulation distortion
the amount of energy absorbed by tissues dose (of radiation)
a device used to detect and measure an accumulated dosage of radiation dosimeter
a negatively charged particle in the atom electron
the ability to do work energy
flexible arm that is attached to the x-ray tubehead extension arm
effect of radiation that are passed on to future generations through genetic cells genetic effects
film based or digitally produced recordings of anatomic structures image
a recording medium (or device) for an image, normally film, phosphor storage plate (PSP), or a digital sensor. image receptor
the total energy of the x-ray beam intensity
an electrically charged particle ion
process by which electrons are removed from atoms, causing the harmful effects of radiation in humans. ionization
highest voltage of x-ray tube used during exposure kilovoltage peak
time between exposure to ionizing radiation and the appearance of symptoms latent period
device used to protect the reproductive and blood-forming tissues from scatter radiation lead apron
the proportional enlargement of an image Magnification
anything that occupies space and has form or shape matter
one one-thousandth (1/1000) of an ampere; a unit of measurement used to describe the intensity of an electrical current. milliampere
the blurred or indistinct area that surrounds an image penumbra
a minute (tiny) bundle of pure energy that has no weight or mass photon
the most penetrating beam produced at the target of the anode Primary beam
the mean energy or penetrating ability of the x-ray beam. quality

Sound and Light Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a longitudinal wave that is caused by vibrations and that travels through a material medium Soundwave
a measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be, depending on the frequency of the sound wave Pitch
slow vibrations of frequencies lower than 20 Hz Infrasound
any sound wave with frequencies higher than 20,000 Hz Ultrasound
a phenomenon that occurs when two objects naturally vibrate at the same frequency; the sound produced by one object causes the other object to vibrate Resonance
sound navigation and ranging, a system that uses acoustic signals and returned echoes to determine the location of objects or to communicate Sonar
a unit or quantum of light; a particle of electromagnetic radiation that has zero rest mass and carries a quantum of energy Photon
in physical science, the rate at which energy flows through a given area of space Intensity
radio detection and ranging, a system that uses reflected radio waves to determine the velocity and location of objects Radar
a line in space that matches the direction of the flow of radiant energy Light ray
an image from which light rays appear to diverge, even though they are not actually focused there; a virtual image cannot be projected on a screen Virtual image
an image that is formed by the intersection of light rays; a real image can be projected on a screen (563) Real image
a transparent object that refracts light waves such that they converge or diverge to create an image Lens
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or mirrors Magnification
in optics, a system that consists of two or more plane surfaces of a transparent solid at an angle with each other Prism
in optics, the process of separating a wave (such as white light) of different frequencies into its individual component waves (the different colors) Dispersion

Tectonic Plates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A layer of molten metal that surrounds the inner core. outer core
The name if young German scientist who was curious about the relationship of the continents. Wegener
The name of the single continent that broke apart 200 million years ago. Pangaea
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earths surface continental drift
A layer of hot solid material between the crust and the core. Mantle
The layer of rock that forms earth's outer surface. crust
The soft layer of the mantle on which the Lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
The measure of how much mass there is in a volume substance. density
Heat transfer by direct contact of particles of matter. Conduction
The movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to each other. Convection currents
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean Ring Of Fire
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move towards each other. Convergent Boundary
The transfer of energy through an empty space. Radiation
The movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object. Heat Transfer
A vibration that travels through earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
A dense ball of solid metal. Inner Core
A break in Earth's crust Fault
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift valley
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are constantly in motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Tectonic plates

Plate Tectonics and Earth Interior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across earth's surface. Continental Drift
The name of the single landmass that began to break apart 200 million years ago and gave rise to today's continents. pangea
The preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past. Fossil
An undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced. Mid ocean ridge
A deep valley along the ocean floor beneath which oceanic crust slowly sinks toward the mantle. deep ocean trench
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust to the ocean floor. sea floor spreading
The process by which oceanic crust sinks benath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle at a convergent plate boundary. subduction
A section of the lithosphere that slowy moves over the asthenosphere, carrying pieces of continental and oceanic crust. Plate
Vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during during an earthquake. Seismic Wave
The force pushing on a surface divide by the area of that surface. Pressure
The layer of rock that forms Earth's outerskin. Crust
Is a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in ocean crust. Basal
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust. Granite
Layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core. Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust. Lithosphere
The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats. Athenosphere
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of earth. Outer Core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth. Inner Core
A plate boundary where two plates move away from each other. Divergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move toward. Convergent Boundary
A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions. Transform Boundary
A break in earth's crust along which rocks move. Fault
The theory that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in constant motion, driven by convection currents in the mantle. Plate Tectonics
A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart. Rift Valley

Adobe Photoshop CC Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A selection method that allows you to paint an area of image, and the tool automatically finds edges. Quick Selection Tool
Layers are like stacked, transparent sheets of glass on which you can create images. You can see through the transparent areas of a layer to the layers below. You can work on each layer independently. Layer
A tool to organize layers into a logical order and reduce clutter in the Layers panel. Layer group
Actions that enhance or modify an image with special effects (Blur, sharpen, artistic, distort, noise, stylize, texture, etc)  Filter
Press Z to activate the zoom tool.  Zoom Tool Shortcut
Anti-aliasing smooths the jagged edges of a selection by softening the color transition between edge pixels and background pixels.  Anti-aliasing
The lasso tool makes freehand selections.  Lasso Tool
The backmost image in the layers panel  Background Layer
A subtractive color model used in printing that uses Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black for color channels  CMYK
Creating difference between elements on a page. This can be achieved with color or by varying size, fonts, and font styles  Contrast
Placing the subject of an image into focus or changing contrast, brightness and cropping an image to highlight the subject  Framing
A bitmap image format that supports animations  GIF File
A commonly used format with lossy compression for digital photography  JPEG
Changes the spacing between two letters of text Kerning
A raster graphics file format that supports lossless date compression  PNG
Represented by pixels in a grid layout and cannot be resized without loss of quality  Raster
Converting a vector image into pixels so more special effects/filters can be applied  Rasterizing
creating visual consistency Repetition
Measurement of an image by the number of dots that make it up  Resolution
Color mode best for digital documents (not printed) using Red, Green and Blue  RGB
contains all the tools used when working with images including selection tools, etc..  Tool Bar
created with mathematical calculations, can be resized without loss of quality  Vector Images

Digital Photography: Terms Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The size of the opening in the lens determining the depth of focus. aperture
A graph that helps illustrate the dark, light, and color values captured by the camera sensor. histogram
A setting that helps determine how sensitive your camera is to light ISO
Two words used to describe a type of photograph that is taken using a slow shutter speed to achieve artistic blur. LongExposure
This mode is ideal because it allows you to control all aspects of shooting quality. Manual
A common problem seen in under lit images with an ISO that is too high. Grain
This file format is best for true photographers to shoot in because it preserves the highest quality without RAW
Better photo compositions can be achieved when an image is divided into 3 parts horizontally and vertically. ruleofthirds
This setting determines how long or short your cameras capture time is. shutterspeed
This eye-opening allows you to preview your image. Viewfinder
The screen on the back of your camera that allows you to view settings and preview images. LCDDisplay
A setting you'll need to adjust based on the temperature of your light source. WhiteBalance
Your camera's storage. SDCard
A common image file type that is universally readable but does not preserve all captured image data. JPEG
This determines the sharpness of an object based on the adjustment made directly to the lens. Focus
An idea that suggests a subject's nose should be pointed toward the empty space in the frame. breathingroom
A discipline of photography that emphasizes detail normally not recognized. Macro
A discipline of photography that focuses on an individual and captures their essences. Portrait
A phrase that often appears as an acronym and the name to which we give the type of cameras we use in this class. DigitalSinglelensreflex

Laser Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This word stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation Laser
Electromagnetic light is another term for this word Light
The basic component of all light Photon
The distance in a wave, from one peak to another Wavelength
The height of a wave from the top of one peak to the bottom of the next peak Wavelength
The rate of speed that the wave travels Velocity
The number of wave peaks that pass a given point per second Frequency
Highly purified colour produced by the laser Monochromatic
When waves travel parallel to each other and do not significantly diverge as they travel outward Collimated
The waves are in phase and travel in the same direction Coherent
The rate of energy delivery Power
A term that involves the power and duration of exposure of the mean Fluence
The type of reflection in which the beam is reflected from a hard to reach area or off of a shiny instrument Specular
the type of reflection where the light is reflection but the beam is not intact, it is scattered Diffuse
A term used to describe how some wavelengths can pass through certain tissue but have little to no thermal effect Transmission
A CO2 laser is _____________ Invisible
This type of laser has a photoaccoustical effect on urinary stones Holmium
This type of laser has a visible blue and green light Argon
The name for this laser combines the terms excited and dimer Excimer
The Canadian Standards Association CSA
This is the person who can direct the laser safety practices including safety and education (3 words) LaserSafetyOfficer
This is the person who is operating the laser control panel LaserOperator
These must be worn to protect your eyes while a laser is being used Goggles
This is the term used to describe the particles that are in the air after using laser on a patient's tissue Plume
This is a safety precaution that is specific to each laser and should be completed on a routine basis Checklist
A laser warning sign must contain this word Danger
This is the distribution of laser light energy as it scatters through tissue Scattering
This is an acronym for yttrium, aluminium, and garnet Yag
The effect that the Holmium laser has on renal stones Photoaccoustic
Nd:YAG laser: The Nd stands for _________ Neodynimum