The Treaty of _____________ Hidalgo
The Long Walk involved which group of native Americans?
The trail that went from Mexico City to Santa Fe
Which river did the US cross when "protecting" thier new southern border?
Who earned a special name from the Native Americans and was a term of honor?
Corrupt group of businessmen in NM.
Rough Riders were a part of which war?
People who came to NM to get better.
Article ? was not put into the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Idea that the US would span from Ocean to Ocean.
Secret telegram sent from Germany to Mexico during WWI?
Famous road people traveled through NM in the 20's.
What natural disaster hit NM in the 1930's?
Why did we use the Navajo language to make a code in WWII?
Japanese Americans were put into ___________ camps because they were not trusted.
The Bataan Death March took place where?
Building the Atomic Bomb took place in what city?
12th astronaut to walk on the moon was?
Main scientist involved in rocket development
Biggest Air Force Base in NM
Base where bombs and missles were/are tested
valuable mineral found in NM and used for nuclear energy
Blue Lake was given to which group of Pueblo?
_____________ Federal de Mercedes -- organization that fought land grant issues
President who signed NM into statehood.
Memorized the plans of the British spinning machine and brought it to America
Inventor of the cotton gin
Built the first American power loom and began textile factories
This invention helped American industry but also caused an increase in slavery
This inventor made a new plow using an old steel saw
________________ parts made repairs to machinery much easier
In 1811, this linked the East with the West
Travel over land or water became easier with the _______ engine
The first steam boat was invented by ______
Clinton's Ditch was a nickname for this
The Erie Canal brought great growth to this city
The steam locomotive was nicknamed _________
In 1834 this man made himself president of Mexico
A main reason American settlers wanted to separate from Mexico was the issue of
The Texas army took over this fort, but was then badly defeated by theMexican Army
A successful Texas general and first president of the Republic of Texas
Texas became a U.S. state under this president
The U.S. claimed that the Mexican-American border should be here
This war lasted from 1846-1848
The treaty of ___________ ended the war
Many people traveled this route to the west
One religious group that moved West to avoid persecution
Many people moved to Oregon Territory for this
The 1948/49 movement west is often called this
Person to discover gold in California
Prices of goods and services are determined by supply and
Women's skills such as ____________ were in high demand
Mrs. Vander Ploeg's favorite student
belief in the United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America
gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
used the term "manifest destiny" in 1845 to promote the annexation of Texas and the Oregon Country to the United States
William Becknell and five other men began their journey Westward from Franklin, Missouri to New Mexico
traveled on the Santa fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico
key to the nation’s health according to Thomas Jefferson
purchased the territory of Louisiana from the French government
Mexico lost nearly half of its territory, the present American Southwest from Texas to California; U.S. became a continental power.
negotiated Webster-Ashburton Treaty
route over which settlers traveled to Oregon
discovered in California in 1848
president during Manifest Destinty
when people from two countries occupy and settle a territory
to take control of
After the Texan victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, Santa Anna is captured and recognizes Texas as independent
as a result of the treaty, the U.S. annexed present-day New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, and California
to give land over to another country
Created one of the largest fur businesses.
Fur traders and trappers who became known as
200 mile long trail that took 6 months
120 mile long trail that took 2 months
Search for gold
Gold seeking migrants to California
A group of western travelers who were stranded in the Sierra Nevada during the winter of 1846-1847
The U.S government paid mexico $10 million
American pioneer who built a fort a trading post on the California frontier
A revolt against Mexico to turn over much of its Northern Territory to the U.S.A
Spanish mission in San Antonio Texas that was the site of famous battle of the Texas Revolution.
Spanish colonists in California in the 1800s
Mexican general and politician and president of Mexico
A belief Shared by many Americans in the mid 1800s that the United States should expand over the Pacific Ocean
A Mexican priest led a rebellion of about 80,000
American colonizer in Texas he was imprisoned urging Texas after Anna suspended Mexico's Constitution
Agents who were contracted by the Mexican republic to bring settlers to Texas in the early 1800s
signed on February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War in favor of the United States.
American religious leader who headed the Mormon Church after the murder of Joseph Smith
country where a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives
Those countries fighting against the Axis powers. i.e. Britain, France, USA, Canada, USSR etc
Great Britain's Prime Minister, Churchill was an eloquent speaker, who steeled the British to defy the Nazis, even as the Luftwaffe bombed London nightly
The fascist leader of Nazi Germany and the architect of the Holocaust which killed six million Jewish people.
The communist leader of the Soviet Union.
The seeds for Germany's discontent and susceptibility to a racist like Hitler began with the end of WWI.Germany signed this which required it give up 13% of its territory including Alsace-Lorraine. That area alone included 6 million residents, vast raw materials (65% of Germany's iron ore reserves and 45% of its coal), and 10% of its factories. Germany also had to pay for the war's damages.
Germany, Italy, and Japan
December 1944 — January 1945. Hitler's final, surprise counteroffensive to the Allied invasion. Took place in the Ardennes, a densely forested mountain range between France and Belgium, and was an attempt to recapture Antwerp, the Allies' major supply port. A blizzard kept Allied airplanes grounded, but the U.S. Army was able to move its troops through the snow to double its number of soldiers and triple its armored tanks in four days. It was the largest and bloodiest battle the Americans fought, with 19,000 soldiers killed. The hard-won Allied victory was a turning point in the war.
"Lightening war," a surprise attack devised by Hitler, in which land-and-air attacks were coordinated, quick and brutal. Hitler used fast-moving tanks called Panzers, with infantry transported by trucks and dive-bombing planes that strafed soldiers and refugees. Battle maps from the Combat Studies Institute offer more information about Blitzkrieg and paths taken during the war.
June 6, 1944, the Allied landing on France's Normandy beaches to begin the liberation of Europe. The D doesn't stand for anything other than "day." About 156,000 American, British, and Canadian troops landed in Normandy under heavy attack by German strongholds. Of those, the American forces numbered 23,250 on Utah Beach, 34,250 on Omaha Beach, and 15,500 airborne troops. Millions more men and women were involved in its preparations
Short for Unterseeboote, German submarines.
A political system promoted by Hitler and his ally, Italian dictator Mussolini, that called for citizens to be unquestioningly loyal to the nation and obedient of its leader. The needs of the state outweighed the needs, beliefs, or freedoms of the individual. Emphasis was on national pride, traditions, and racial purity. There was no freedom of speech. Foreigners — those who were simply minority ethnic or religious groups included — were hated and persecuted.
A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party that Hitler came to lead. A believer in Hitler's fascism, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy.
The codename for the U.S. project to produce an atomic bomb.
The act of genocide carried out by Germany on the Jewish population of Europe
"lightning war"; swift attacks launched by Germany in WWII during the night
Germany's failed attempt to subdue Britain in 1940 in preparation for invasion (Germans bombed Britain continuously but Britain resisted with fighter pilots and Hitler gave up invasion)
a 1942 battle in the Pacific during which American planes sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers (protected Hawaii)
code name for the Allied invasion of Europe in 1944
German counter-attack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the allied invasion of Germany (Audie Murphy was the hero)
during WWII, Allied strategy of capturing Japanese-held islands to gain control of the Pacific Ocean (American ships shelled an island; troops waded ashore; hand-to-hand fighting occured until island was captured)
during WWII, Navajo soldiers who used their own language to radio vital messages during the island-hopping campaign
WWII Japanese pilots trained to make a suicidal crash attack, usually upon a ship
message sent by the Allies in July 1945 callin for the Japanese to surrender
Nazi war crime trials held in 1945 and 1946
Organization created by isolationists who argued that the United States should keep out of Europe's business.
Process by which a government gains control over a territory not presently under their jurisdiction.
policies, views, or actions that harm or discriminate against Jews
British-American declaration that stated the countries aims for the outcome of the war. Stated people of every nation should be free to choose their own form of government and live free of fear and want, disarmament, and a permanent system of general security.
policy by which Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so many of the prisoners died en route.
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
1939; Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
protective measures in case of attack
Political leader who rules a country with absolute power, usually by force
giving up military weapons
Wiping out an entire group of people
the gathering of resources and preparation for war.
Originally designed to avoid American involvement in World War II by preventing loans to those countries taking part in the conflict; modified in 1939 to allow aid to the Allies
US military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on December 7, 1941, bringing the United States into World War II
What Mexico considered as the border between Mexico and the U.S.
What the U.S. considered as the border between Mexico and the U.S
Gave the name of the belief that the United States was destined to stretch from "sea to shining sea"
The treaty or purchase that was an agreement between the U.S & Mexico in which the U.S agreed to pay $10 million to Mexico for 29,670 square miles
The belief that the expansion of the U.S throughout American continents was both justified and inevitable
A group of American settlers in California rebelled against Mexican Government and proclaimed California an idependant republic
The officer or leader who lead the conquest of California
The battle that saw that the US Army use artillery to repulse the much larger Mexican Army-in the Mexican-American War
The historical name in the United States for the region of modern day southwestern United States that mexico ceded to the US in the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848
The treaty that is offically entitled the treaty of peace, friendship, limits, and settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic
Anglo lawyers and bussiness men who took advantage of Hispanic land owners
Civil war battle fought in Sangre de Cristo mountains, won by union
Impacts: boundary between U.S. And Mexico, land ownership, and citizenship
U.S. And Mexico go to war over boarder dispute
Hit-and-run tactics used in fighting wars
Texans send troops to Rio Grande but small force is easily defeated
U.S. Government built forts to help quickly respond to Native raids
Dispute in 1878
Navajo long walk
Reies Lopez tijerina
Mexican- ________________ War
In 1846 the war ________.
In 1848 the war ________.
Where did the war take place?
Who attacked frist?
New Mexico bordered the ____________ of Texas.
Mexico calls this war "The U.S __________."
Texas was ________ to the United States.
Mexico claims that the annexation of Texas was a ___________ of the 1828 border treaty.
Who was the U.S president during the war?
President Polk said that he had no choice but to ___________ his country.
In the beginning of the war, it was a moment of ___________.
At the end it was a moment of _________.
What was the U.S and Mexico fighting over?
The war ended on __________, 1848.
How long did the war last?
The Treaty of __________ Hidalgo was signed to end the war.
Over 70,000 people ______ in the war.
A large body of water that stretches from America to Europe.
A treaty was named from this place that's a neighborhood in Mexico City today.
A man that wanted money for the war in Europe.
Many Americans believed that there was gold in the east.
A purchase that created a shorter railroad route.
A state that America purchased from Spain.
The belief that God wanted the United States to win all of North America.
The country that's south from the United States.
People who favored territorial growth.
A purchase that gave America the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains.
The territorial purchase that created the Gold Rush.
Emigrants moved to the North East on this dangerous trail.
A body of water that stretches from America to Asia.
The state that annexed into the United States.
Texas decided to declare independence from Mexico. This is the name of the revolt.
Group of tried to live in America.
Signed by President Andrew Jackson alone removal of Native Americans.
Didn't who signed Indian removal act
Did you know his nation and lived in southern Appalacian regions, largest of the three federally recognized tribes
Indigenous nation that lived in Southeast US during 19th century.
Many Indians died on this journey from their home to Oklahoma.
Play in which the Indians were relocated to.
Army general responsible for removing Indians from their land
Cherokee who broke tribal law by signing treaty of Washington
Well educated Cherokee chief who took petition to Washington
Principal chief of the upper Creek who signed the treaty of New York
Chief of the lower Creek who signed the treaty of Indian springs
Creator of the Indian syllabary
First newspaper published by Native Americans
Capital of the Cherokee nation
ended by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
U.S. paid $10 million for a piece of Mexican land
a Mexican President
Mexican officials were _________ from their property in the Mesilla Valley
sent troop to the disputed land with Mexico
sent to make negotiations with Mexico seeking boundary adjustments
present day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming
attacked the Mexicans
the only route for this was through mexico
army general during the land disputes
governor of new mexico, declared the Mesilla Valley as U.S. territory
signed the treaty for the U.S.
signed the treaty for Mexico