Any of various legislative or governing bodies , in particular
Senate
The lower house of the United States Congress
House of representatives
An official count or survey of a population, typicall recording various details of individuals
Census
Being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect
Constituent
Manipulate the boundaries of [an electoral constituency] so as to favor one party or class
Gerrymander
The political group in a legislative body with the most voting members
Majority party
The political party to which fewer than half the members belong
Minority party
Years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
Seniority
Power that the U.S. Congress has that is specifically listed in the constitution
Expressed power
Another name for expressed power
Enumerated powers
Power that Congress has that is not stated explicitly in the constitution
Implied power
Clause in article 1, section 8 of the constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper " to carry out it's expressed powers
Elastic clause
Duty Congress holds besides lawmaking
Nonlegislative power
To accuse gov't officials of misconduct in office
Impeach
Is a court order to a person or agency holdingsomeone in custody to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing the order and to show a valid reason for that person's detention
Writ of habeas corpus
A legislative act finding a person guilty of treason or felony without a trail
Bill of Attainder
A law that allows a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was commited
Ex post facto law
The right of senators and representatives to send job-related mail without paying privilege
Franking privilege
Representative of an internet group who contacts lawmakers or other gov't officials directly to influence their policy making
Lobbyist
The work that a lawmaker does to help constituents with a problem
Casework
Gov't project grant that primarily benefits a Congress person's home district or state
Pork-Barrel Project
A resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress
Joint resolution
An organization of people with some common interests
Special-Interest Group
A completely unrelated amendent added to a bill
Rider
A tastic for defeating a bill in the senate
Fillibuster