Nk cells are apart of which immune system?
helper T cells are apart of which immune system?
B cells produce?
plasma cells produce?
cytotoxic cells are apart of what immune system?
Place where antibody connects to antigen?
Most abundant antibody
found in mucous membranes?
Primary immune system response
exposure to an antigen to elicit primary immune response?
what T cell helps your body remember previous infections?
The process of inducing or providing active or passive immunity artificially by administering an infectious agent
An inherited or acquired state in which an individual is resistant to the occurrence or the effects of a specific disease
Innate immunity or resistance to infection or toxicity
Immunity from exposure to the invading agent
Immunity in which immune bodies are actively formed against specific antigens
Temporary immunity obtained by transfusing immunoglobulins or antitoxins
A protein that is formed in response to exposure to a specific antigen
A variety of foreign substances that stimulate the formation of antibodies
Reduce the virulence of a pathogenic microorganism by treating it with heat or chemicals or cultivating it on a certain medium
Antigenic substances used for active or passive immunization or therapy
A suspension of live or inactivated microorganisms administer to induce immunity and prevent infectious disease
A modified bacterial toxin that has been made nontoxic by retains the ability to stimulate the formation of antitoxin
A solution of antibodies derived from the serum of animals immunized with specific antigens & used to confer passive immunity & for treatment
A sterile solution containing antibodies from large pools of human blood plasma
Special preparations obtained from blood plasma from donor pools preselected for a high antibody content against a specific antigen
Condition in which the majority of the population community is vaccinated and the spread of certain diseases is stopped
Vaccine designed to vaccinate against a single antigen or organism
A carrier protein with proven immunologic potential combined with a less antigenic polysaccharide antigen to enhance immune response
Combination of multiple vaccines into on parenteral form
Vaccine designed to vaccinate against two or more antigens
Strategy of protecting infants from pertussis by vaccinating all persons who come in close contact with the infant
Physical act of administering any vaccine or toxoid
primary immune response
secondary immune response
helper T cells
KILLER T CELLS
HELPER T CELL
Killer T cells
Helper T Cell
Cells that engulf and destroy invading microbes
Immune system remembers invaders it has destroyed before and kills them quickly the second time
Inflammatory response that slows growth of pathogen by denaturing its proteins
Invasion of microorganism by pathogens
T cell that kills an antibody-antigen bound cell
White blood cells
B cell that begins antibody production after antigen is encountered a second time
Cells that develop in thymus and recognize antigen-antibody bound cells
A disease causing agent
Protein that binds to antigens
Hypersensitive response to a non-harmful antigen
Cells that consume foreign/damaged/dead materials
Dead or weakened organism that induces specific immune without causing disease
Specific defense that uses T cells
Swelling and redness; response to tissue damage
Chemical released by mast cells that cause inflammatory response
B cells that produce more antibody after antibody binds to antigens
Any foreign material causes an immune response
T cell that stimulates production of cytokines and CTLs
Cells that develop in bone marrow and produce antibodies
Kills virus-infected cells non specifically
Immune cells found in tissues
Specific defense that uses antibodies
Protein that activates B and T cells
Disease that kills TH (Helper T Cells) cells
Immunity produced by an encounter with an antigen; Provides immunologic memory
Proteins that are released by plasma cells that bind to a specific antigen
A substance or part of a substance that is recognized as foreign by the immune system.
Another term for B cells; responsible for producing antibodies
A group of blood-borne proteins. When activated, enhance inflammatory and immune responses.
Effector T cells that directly kill foreign cells, etc.
T cell that orchestrates cellular immunity by contact with other immune cells and/or releasing chemicals.
Antigen specific defenses mounted by activated T cells and B cells.
Ability of the body to resist agents that can cause disease; resistance to disease.
Occurs when tissues are injured by things such as bacteria, trauma, etc.
A colorless fluid containing white blood cells
Tiny, thin-walled vessels located in the spaces between cells which serve to drain and process extra-cellular fluid.
A number of small swellings in the lymphatic system where lymph is filtered and lymphocytes are formed.
Agranular white blood cell that arises from bone marrow and becomes functionally mature in the lymphoid organs of the body.
Short-lived immunity resulting from the introduction of "borrowed antibodies" obtained from an immune animal or human donor
A large phagocytic cell found in stationary form in the tissues or as a mobile white blood cell, especially at sites of infection.
A cell capable of engulfing and digesting particles or cells harmful to the body.
Members of a B cell clone; specialized to produce and release antibodies.
Regulatory T lymphocytes that suppress the immune response.
Endocrine gland active in immune response.
Naturally Aquired Active
Naturally Aquired Passive
Artificially Aquired Active
Artificially Aquired Passive
Humoral Immune Response
Primary Immune Response
Cytotoxic T Cells
a protein produced by lymphocytes in response to the presence of the appropriate antigen.
region on an antibody to which an antigen binds
immunity governed by T cells.
responsible for activating immature T and B cells and phagocytes
immunity governed by B cells
B cells that remain in the blood for a long time after infection
large vesicle found in a phagocyte where pathogens are transported and destroyed by hydrolytic enzymes.
type of white blood cell involved in non-specific immunity. Acts by engulfing and digesting pathogens.
activated B cell that produces many antibodies capable of destroying a specific pathogen
any microorganism that causes disease.
the introduction of a vaccine containing appropriate disease antigens into the body, by injection or mouth, in order to induce artificial immunity
the tips of the ‘Y’ shape of an antibody that have a structure complementary to the antigen they bind to and so are different for each type of antibody
structure (normally a protein) on the surface of a cell capable of binding to and so detecting another molecule
mechanism by which cells engulf particles to form a vesicle or a vacuole
type of white blood cell that is produced in the bone marrow they coordinate the immune response and kill infected cells.
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms formed from a single parent as the result of asexual reproduction or by artificial means
activated T cell capable of destroying a specific pathogen