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Articles of confederation

branches

checks and balances

conclude

congruent figures

consequently

Constitution

Constitutional Convention

determine

environment

establish

individual

interpret

Kara

multimedia elements

polygon

quadrilateral

recognize

regular polygon

similar figures

tone

visual elements

visualize

weathering

weight

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Articles of Confederation

Judicial Review

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Ratify

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Bill of Rights

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Constitution

AntiFederalists

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This Article states that the Constiution is the "Supreme Law of the Land" Six

The first 10 Amendments of the Constitution BillofRights

A major source of income for the government incometax

the introduction to the Constitution preamble

changes made to the Constitution Amendments

This Article outlines how laws are made one

This Article says that 9 states must ratify the Constitution Seven

This Article explains how Amendments are made Five

This Article outlines the responsibilities of our President Two

This Article describes the branch of the government that is responsible for "interpreting the law" Three

There are Seven of these in the Constitution Articles

The branch of government that houses the President and Vice-President Executive

The branch of government that houses the Supreme Court Judicial

The branch of government that houses Congress Legislative

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A closed plane figure formed by three or more straight sides that are line segments. polygon

A polygon with three sides and three angles. triangle

A polygon with four sides and four angles. quadrilateral

A polygon with five sides and five angles. pentagon

A polygon with six sides and six angles. hexagon

A polygon with seven sides and seven angles. heptagon

A polygon with eight sides and eight angles. octagon

A polygon with nine sides and nine angles. nonagon

A polygon with ten sides and ten angles. decagon

An angle that measures greater than 0 degrees and less than 90 degrees. acute

An angle that forms a square corner and has a measure of 90 degrees. right

An angle whose measure is 180 degrees. straight

An angle that measures greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees. obtuse

An exact location in space. point

A straight path of points in a plane that continues without end in both direcetions with NO endpoints. line

A part of a line that includes two points called endpoints and all the points between them. line segment

A part of a line; it has one endpoint and continues without end in one direction. ray

The point at either end of a line segment of the starting point of a ray. endpoint

Lines in the same plane that never intersect and are always the same distance apart. parallel

Two lines that intersect to form four right angles. perpendicular

Lines that cross each other at exactly one point. intersecting

The number of square units needed to cover a surface. area

The distance around a figure. perimeter

A parallelogram with four equal, or congruent, sides and four right angles. square

A parallelogram with opposite sidees that are equal, or congrudent, and with four right angles. rectangle

A parallelogram with four equal, or congruent, sides. rhombus

A quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides. trapezoid

A quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel and equal, or congruent. parallelogram

Having the EXACT same size and shape. congruent

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Legislative Branch

Executive Branch

Judicial Branch

Constitutional Convention

Philadelphia

Amendment

US Constitution

Articles of Confederation

The Great Compromise

Three Fifths Compromise

The Virginia Plan

The New Jersey Plan

George Washington

Thomas Jefferson

James Madison

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Consisting of two houses Bicameral

A charter agreed to by King John of England that granted nobles certain rights and restricted the King's powers Magna Carta

A colony that was based on a grant of land by the English monarch to a proprietor, or owner, in exchange for a yearly payment Proprietary Colony

Colonies based on a grant of land by the British crown to a company or a group of settlers Charter Colonies

An alliance formed in 1643 by the Plymouth, Connecticut, Massachussetts Bay, and New Haven colonies in order to defend themselves from threats posed by Native Americans and by settlers from near by Dutch colonies New England Confederation

First Plan for uniting the colonies, proposed by Benjamin Franklin Albany Plan of Union

Law passed by English parliament that required a government tax stamp on paper goods and all legal documents Stamp Act

A meeting of colonial delegates in Philidelphia to decide how to respond to the abuses of authority by the British government First Continental Congress

A declaration of citizen's rights issued by the Virginia Convention Virginia Declaration of Rights

The document that created the first central government for the United States. It was replaced by the Constitution in 1789 Articles of Confederation

Formally approved Ratified

Legislation passed by Congress to establish a plan for settling the North West territory Northwest Ordinance

Delegates of Constitutional Convention who developed the framework for the government and wrote the Constitution Framers

The plan for government in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with represenatives determined by state population Virginia Plan

A proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states instead or representation by population New Jersey Plan

An agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention established that a states population would determine representation in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house Great Compromise

Group of people who supported the adoption of the U.S. Constitution and a strong national government Federalist

Group of people who opposed the adoption of the Constitution Anti-Federalists

The pen name that the framers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay used when writing the Federalist Papers Publius

The first ten ammendments to the U.S. Constitution concerning basic individual liberties Bill of Rights

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a triangle that has all equal sides and anles is considered an __________ triangle. Name starts with an "e" equilateral

a triangle with no congruent sides. Name starts with an "s". scalene

In this triangle, it has 2 congruent sides. Name starts with an "i". isosceles

coplainar lines that do not intersect. Lines never end. parallel

when the y-axis and x-axis change by a ratio. Many graphs have this type of diagonal. slope

transformation that turns every point. makes a figure move 360 degrees among a point is called _________. Name starts with an "r". rotation

a transformation representing a flip.When a figure flips over the or x-axis it is called a _________. reflection

a transformation that slides a figure. This word starts with a "t" translation

this angle is more than 90 degrees. This angle starts with an "o". obtuse

in a polygon, a segment that connects nonconsecutive vertices of the polygon. Line is neither horizontal nor vertical. diagonal

a quadrilateral with parallel opposite sides. Any sides can be called a base. (square,rhombus,rectangle) parallelogram

a quadrilateral with 4 right angles. Considered a parallelogram. rectangle

a quadrilateral with 4 congruent sides. considered a parallelogram. rhombus

a quadrilateral with 4 right angles and 4 congruent sides, Considered a parallelogram. square

a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides. Two base angles. trapezoid

this angle is less than 90 degrees. Angle starts with an "a" acute

a transformation that enlarges or reduces the original figure. Gets smaller or bigger. dilation

a __________ angle forms a perfect 90 degrees. Angle name starts with a "r" right

common endpoints of a figure. The "points" vertex

all figures have one of theses. The ________ encloses a figure. Word starts with a "s" side

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Formed by three or more coplanar segments called sides Polygon

Has congruent sides and angles Regular polygon

(n-2)180 Sum of Interior angles

(n-2)180/n measure of interior angle

360 degrees sum of exterior angles

A quadrilateral with both pairs of opposite sides parallel. parallelogram

A parallelogram congruent angles. rectangle

A parallelogram with 4 parallel sides rhombus

A parallelogram with 4 parallel sides and 4 congruent angles. square

a quadrilateral figure having two pairs of equal adjacent sides, symmetrical only about its diagonals. kite

a quadrilateral with only one pair of parallel sides. trapezoid

a convex quadrilateral with a line of symmetry bisecting one pair of opposite sides. It is a special case of a trapezoid. isosceles trapezoid

a segment that connects the midpoints of the two non-parallel sides of a trapezoid midsegment of a trapezoid

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set of fundamental principles and established precedents for the states and national government to follow Constitution

the government does not have absolute power over the people Constitutionalism

non-elected officials that make decisions unlike elected representatives Bureaucracy

first ten amendments added to the constitution Bill of Rights

when the people rule over the government and its power Democracy

thought of one’s own belief/actions cannot be controlled by another force-unless said actions hinder or hurt another Liberty

representation based off of population of a state and are elected House of Representatives

where each branch of government is separated Separation of Powers

where branches of government are divided and share power to keep the other in check and balance Checks and Balances

when the courts see if an act is constitutional or not Judicial Review

natural rights of life, liberty, and property that the government cannot impede or take away Inalienable Rights

when the states remained sovereign and independent, and the national government had little to no power over the states. Gov could make treaties and alliances, but could not tax Articles of Confederation

idea of devolution, to give back power from the federal gov to the state gov New Federalism

separation of power between the state and national government Federalism

powers shared by the federal and state government Concurrent Powers

Article 8 in the Constitution, limited Congress powers (i.e: lay and collect taxes, to establishing post offices) and created the criteria of laws to be “necessary and proper” Enumerated Powers

laid the groundwork for Judicial review, where the judicial branch reprimanded Congress and created a structurally sound power in the courts Marbury vs Madison

Congress can regulate anything relating to commerce (imports/exports of goods and services) Commerce Clause

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Simple closed figure made with Line segments

Line segments must? Not cross

Figure must be ? Closed

3 sides Triangle

4 sides Quadrilateral

5 sides Pentagon

6 sides Hexagon

7 sides Heptagon

8 sides Octagon

9 sides Nonagon

10 sides Decagon

Regular All sides, all angles congruent

Basic 360

Trapezoid 1 pair of parellel sides

Parallelogram Rectangle

Parallelogram Rhombus

Parallelogram Square

Parallelogram 4 congruent

Parallelogram 4 congruent

Parallelogram Oposit sides

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Senate

John Adams

James Madison

Gouveneur Morris

Alexander Hamilton

George Washington

Benjamin Franklin

Three Fifths Compromise

Roger Sherman

Great Compromise

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Executive

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Compromise

Constitutional Convention

Constitution

Principle

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Articles of Confederation